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Sir Michael John Gambon, CBE (born 19 October 1940) is an Olivier Award- and BAFTA Award-winning Irish-British actor who has worked in theatre, television, and film. Gambon is considered one of the best British theater actors, but is undoubtedly most recognized in the public for his role as Albus Dumbledore in the Harry Potter film series, replacing the late actor Richard Harris.

Early life

Gambon was born in Cabra, Dublinmarker during World War II. His father, Edward Gambon, was an engineer and his mother, Mary (née Hoare), was a seamstress. His father decided to seek work in the rebuilding of Londonmarker, and so the family moved to Mornington Crescentmarker in north London, when Gambon was five. His father had him made a British citizen—a decision that would later allow Michael to receive an actual, rather than honorary, knighthood and CBE. (although, under the British Nationality Act 1981 anyone born in Ireland before 1949 can still register as a British subject and, after five years' UK residence, as a British citizen).

Raised a strict Catholic, he attended St Aloysius Boys' School in Somers Townmarker and served at the altar. He then moved to St Aloysius' Collegemarker in Hornsey Lane, Highgate, Londonmarker, whose former pupils included Peter Sellers and Joe Cole. He later attended a school in Kent, before leaving with no qualifications at fifteen. He then gained an apprenticeship with Vickers Armstrong as a toolmaker. By the time he was 21 he was a fully qualified engineer. He kept the job for a further year—acquiring a fascination and passion for collecting antique guns, clocks and watches, as well as classic cars.

Career

At the age of 18 Gambon went off to attend Drama School at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in London and studied classical acting for 3 years, eventually receiving a BA in Classical Acting. Gambon built a very solid CV whilst at RADA consiting of the works of William Shakespeare, Anton Chekhov, and many others. Aged 19, while at RADA, he joined the Unity Theatremarker in Kings Crossmarker. Five years later he wrote a letter to Michael MacLiammoir, the Irish theatre impresario who ran Dublin's Gate Theatremarker. It was accompanied by a CV describing a rich and wholly imaginary theatre career—and he was taken on.

Gambon made his professional stage début in the Gaiety Theatre, Dublinmarker's 1962 production of Othello, playing "Second Gentleman", followed by a European tour. A year later, cheekily auditioning with the opening soliloquy from Richard III, he caught the eye of star-maker Laurence Olivier who was recruiting promising spear-carriers for his new National Theatremarker Company. Gambon, along with Robert Stephens, Derek Jacobi and Frank Finlay, was hired as one of the "to be renowned" and played any number of small roles, appearing on cast lists as Mike Gambon. The company initially performed at the Old Vicmarker, their first production being Hamlet, directed by Olivier and starring Peter O'Toole. Gambon played for four years in many NT productions, including named roles in The Recruiting Officer and The Royal Hunt of the Sun, working with directors William Gaskill and John Dexter.

Theatre

After three years at the Old Vic, Olivier advised Gambon to gain experience in provincial rep. In 1967, he left the NT for the Birmingham Repertory Companymarker which was to give him his first crack at the title roles in Othello (his favourite), Macbeth and Coriolanus.

His rise to stardom began in 1974 when Eric Thompson cast him as the melancholy vet in Alan Ayckbourn's The Norman Conquests at Greenwich. A speedy transfer to the West End established him as a brilliant comic actor, squatting at a crowded dining table on a tiny chair and sublimely agonising over a choice between black or white coffee.

Back at the National, now on the South Bank, his next turning point was Peter Hall's premiere staging of Harold Pinter's Betrayal, an unexpectedly subtle performance—a production photograph shows him embracing Penelope Wilton with sensitive hands and long slim fingers (the touch of a master clock-maker). He is also one of the few actors to have mastered the harsh demands of the vast Olivier Theatre. As Simon Callow once said: "Gambon's iron lungs and overwhelming charisma are able to command a sort of operatic full-throatedness which triumphs over hard walls and long distances."

This was to serve him in good stead in John Dexter's masterly staging of The Life of Galileo in 1980, the first Brecht to become a popular success. Hall called him "unsentimental, dangerous and immensely powerful", even The Sunday Times' curmudgeonly critic of the day called his performance "a decisive step in the direction of great tragedy...great acting", while fellow actors paid him the rare compliment of applauding him in the dressing room on the first night.

From the first Ralph Richardson dubbed him The Great Gambon, an accolade which stuck, outshining his 1990 CBE, even the later knighthood, although Gambon dismisses it as a circus slogan. But as Sheridan Morley perceptively remarked in 2000, when reviewing Cressida: "Gambon's eccentricity on stage now begins to rival that of his great mentor Richardson". Also like Richardson, interviews are rarely given and raise more questions than they answer. Gambon is a very private person, a "non-starry star" as Ayckbourn called him. Off-stage he prefers to back out of the limelight, an unpretentious guy sharing laughs with his fellow cast and crew.

While he has won screen acclaim, no-one who saw his ravaged King Lear at Stratfordmarker, while still in his early forties, will forget his superb double act with a red-nosed Antony Sher as the Fool sitting on his master's knee like a ventriloquist's doll. There were also notable appearances in Old Times at the Theatre Royal Haymarketmarker, and as Volpone and the brutal sergeant in Pinter's Mountain Language.

David Hare's Skylight, with Lia Williams, which opened to rave reviews at the National in 1995, transferred first to Wyndhams Theatre and then on to Broadwaymarker for a four-month run which left him in a state of advanced exhaustion. "Skylight was ten times as hard to play as anything I've ever done" he told Michael Owen in the Evening Standard. "I had a great time in New York but couldn't wait to get back".

Gambon is almost the only leading actor not to grace Yasmina Reza's ART at Wyndham's. But together with Simon Russell Beale and Alan Bates he gave a deliciously droll radio account of the role of Marc. And for the RSC he shared Reza's two-hander The Unexpected Man with Eileen Atkins, first at The Pit in the Barbican and then at the Duchess Theatremarker, a production also intended for New York but finally delayed by other commitments.

In 2001 he played what he described as "a physically repulsive" Davies in Patrick Marber's revival of Pinter's The Caretaker, but he found the rehearsal period an unhappy experience, and felt that he had let down the author. A year later, playing opposite Daniel Craig, he portrayed the father of a series of cloned sons in Caryl Churchill's A Number at the Royal Court, notable for a recumbent moment when he smoked a cigarette, the brightly lit spiral of smoke rising against a black backdrop, an effect which he dreamed up during rehearsals.

In 2004 he finally achieved a life-long ambition to play Sir John Falstaff, in Nicholas Hytner's National Theatre production of Henry IV, Part 1 and Henry IV, Part 2, co-starring with Matthew Macfadyen as Prince Hal.

Film

He made his film debut in the Laurence Olivier Othello in 1965. He then played romantic leads, notably in the early 1970s BBC television series, The Borderers, in which he was swashbuckling Gavin Ker. As a result, Gambon was asked by James Bond producer Cubby Broccoli to audition for the role in 1970, to replace George Lazenby. His craggy looks soon made him into a character actor, although he won critical acclaim as Galileo in John Dexter's production of The Life of Galileo by Brecht at the National Theatre in 1980. But it was not until Dennis Potter's The Singing Detective (1986) that he became a household name. After this success, for which he won a BAFTA, his work includes films such as The Cook, The Thief, His Wife and Her Lover which also starred Helen Mirren.

In 1992 he played a psychotic general in the Barry Levinson film Toys and he also starred as Georges Simenon's detective Inspector Jules Maigret in an ITV adaptation of Simenon's series of books. He starred as Fyodor Dostoyevsky in the Hungarian director Károly Makk's movie The Gambler (1997) about the writing of Dostoyevsky's novella The Gambler.

Recent work

In recent years, films such as Dancing at Lughnasa (1998), Plunkett & Macleane (1998), and Sleepy Hollow (1999), as well as television appearances in series such as Wives and Daughters (1999) (for which he won another BAFTA), a made-for-TV adaptation of Samuel Beckett's Endgame (2001) and Perfect Strangers (2001) have revealed a talent for comedy. In 2004, he appeared in five films, including Wes Anderson's quirky comedy The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou; the British gangster flick Layer Cake; theatrical drama Being Julia; and CGI action fantasy Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow. Gambon played President Lyndon B. Johnson in the television film Path to War. For this performance, he was nominated for an Emmy Award for Best Actor in a Mini-series or Movie and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Miniseries or Motion Picture made for Television.

Perhaps his most significant role in 2004, however, was Albus Dumbledore, Hogwarts' headmaster in the third installment of J. K. Rowling's franchise, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, taking over from the late Richard Harris. (Harris had also played Maigret on television four years before Gambon took that role.) Gambon reprised the role of Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, which was released in November 2005 in the UKmarker and the United Statesmarker. He returned to the role again in the fifth movie, 2007's Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, and the sixth film, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Despite having deliberately misled an interviewer (something Gambon enjoys doing often, to mix things up a bit), he has read the books, as evidenced in the Prisoner of Azkaban interviews. Similarly, he has also misled another interviewer to believe that, when playing Dumbledore, he does not "have to play anyone really. I just stick on a beard and play me, so it's no great feat. I never ease into a role—every part I play is just a variant of my own personality. I'm not really a character actor at all ..." When asked if children approach him as Dumbledore in the street, Gambon responded, "Children don't usually recognise me, although a kid came up to me the other day. I was in Cornwall, and he said, "Gandalf, can I have your autograph?" I said, "Piss off!"" Most recently, he was Joe in Beckett's Eh Joe, giving two performances a night at the Duke of York's Theatremarker in London. He currently does the voice over to the new Guinness ads with the penguins. In 2007 he played major roles in Stephen Poliakoff's Joe's Palace, and the five-part adaptation of Mrs Gaskell's Cranford novels, both for BBC TV.

In 2008 Gambon appeared in the role of Hirst in No Man's Land by Harold Pinter in the Gate Theatremarker, Dublinmarker, opposite David Bradley as Spooner, in a production directed by Rupert Goold, which transferred to the London West Endmarker's Duke of York's Theatremarker, for which roles each received nominations for the 2009 Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor. He also appeared as The Narrator in the British version of Kröd Mändoon and the Flaming Sword of Fire.

After Pinter's death on 24 December 2008, Gambon read Hirst's monologue selected by the playwright for Gambon to read at his funeral, held on 31 December 2008, during the cast's memorial remarks from the stage as well as at the funeral and also in Words and Music, transmitted on the BBC Radio 3 on 22 February 2009. In late 2009 he had to withdraw from his role of W. H. Auden in The Habit of Art (being replaced by Richard Griffiths) due to ill health.

Personal life

Gambon married Anne Miller when he was 22, but has always been secretive about his personal life, responding to one interviewer's question about her: "What wife?" The couple lived near Gravesend, Kentmarker, where she has a workshop. Gambon was invested by Prince Charles as a Knight Bachelor on 17 July 1998 for "services to drama". (Queen Elizabeth II's approval for the award was notified in the 1998 New Year Honours List.) Anne Miller thus became Lady Gambon. The couple were later separated and estranged. They have one son, Fergus, an expert on the BBC's Antiques Roadshow.

While filming Gosford Park, Gambon brought Philippa Hart on to the set and introduced her to co-stars as his girlfriend. When the affair was revealed in 2002, he moved out of the marital home and bought a bachelor pad. Hart, who worked with Gambon on the film, Sylvia in 2003, in late 2006 moved into a £500,000 terraced home in Chiswickmarker, West London. In February 2007, it was revealed that Hart was pregnant with Gambon's child, and gave birth to son, Michael, in May 2007. On 22 June 2009 she gave birth to her second child, a boy named William, who is Gambon's third child.

Gambon is a qualified private pilot and his love of cars led to his appearance on the BBC's Top Gear programme. Gambon raced the Suzuki Liana and was driving so aggressively that it was launched into the air on the last corner of his timed lap. The final corner of the Dunsfold Park track has been named "Gambon" in his honour.

He appeared on the programme again on the 4 June 2006, and set a time in the Chevrolet Lacetti of 1:50.3, a significant improvement on his previous time of 1:55. He clipped his namesake corner the second time, and when asked why by Jeremy Clarkson, replied, "I dunno - I just don't like it."

Work

Theatre



Filmography

Year Film Role Notes and Awards
1965 Othello Company Film debut
1968 The Borderers (TV) Gavin Ker Ended in 1970
1974 The Beast Must Die Jan Jarmokowski
1985 Oscar (TV) Oscar Wilde
Turtle Diary George Fairbairn
1986 The Singing Detective Philip E. Marlow BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor;

Royal Television Society Awards for Best Performance - Male;

Broadcasting Press Guild Awards for Best Actor
1989 The Rachel Papers Doctor Knowd
A Dry White Season Magistrate
The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover Albert Spica Sitges Film Festival for Best Actor Tied with Nicolas Cage for Vampire's Kiss (1988)
1990 The Storyteller (TV) The Storyteller
1991 Mobsters Salvatore Maranzano
1992 Toys General Leland Zevo Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
Maigret (TV) Insp. Maigret Ended in 1993
1994 A Man of No Importance Ivor J. Garney
Clean Slate Philip Cornell
The Browning Version Dr. Frobisher
1995 Bullet to Beijing Alex
1996 Mary Reilly Mr. Reilly
Samson and Delilah (TV) King Hanun
Midnight in Saint Petersburg Alex
1997 The Gambler Fyoder Dostoyevsky
The Wings of the Dove Lionel Croy
1998 Dancing at Lughnasa Father Jack Mundy
Plunkett & Macleane Lord Gibson
1999 Wives and Daughters (TV) Squire Hamley BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor ;

Royal Television Society Awards for Best Actor - Male
A Monkey's Tale Master Martin (voice in English version)
The Insider Thomas Sandefur
The Last September Sir Richard Naylor
Sleepy Hollow Baltus Van Tassel
2000 Longitude (TV) John Harrison BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor
2001 Gosford Park Sir William McCordle Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Cast in a Motion Picture; ...(See awards)
Charlotte Gray Levade
High Heels and Low Lifes Kerrigan
Perfect Strangers (TV) Raymond BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor
Christmas Carol: The Movie Ghost of Christmas Present (voice)
2002 Ali G Indahouse Prime Minister
Path to War (TV) Lyndon B. Johnson Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Film;

Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor - Miniseries or a Movie
2003 The Lost Prince (TV) Edward VII
Ghosthunter Lord William Hawksmoor (voice in Video game)
The Actors Barreller
Open Range Denton Baxter
Sylvia Professor Thomas
Deep Blue Narrator Documentary (voice)
Angels in America (TV) Prior Walter Ancestor
2004 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Albus Dumbledore
Standing Room Only Larry
Being Julia Jimmie Langton
Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow Morris Paley
Layer Cake Eddie Temple
The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou Oseary Drakoulias Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
2005 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Albus Dumbledore
2006 The Omen Bugenhagen
Celebration (TV) Lambert Nominated – IFTA Award for Best Actor in a Lead Role in Television
The Good Shepherd Dr. Fredericks
Amazing Grace Lord Charles Fox
2007 The Good Night Alan Weigert
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix Albus Dumbledore
Joe's Palace (TV) Elliot Graham
Cranford (TV) Mr. Holbrook
2008 Brideshead Revisited Lord Marchmain
2009 Kröd Mändoon and the Flaming Sword of Fire (TV) The Narrator (voice)
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Albus Dumbledore Scream Awards for Best Ensemble
Fantastic Mr. Fox Franklin Bean (voice)
Emma (TV) Mr. Woodhouse
2010 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part I Albus Dumbledore filming
The Book of Eli George completed
The King's Speech King George V filming
2011 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part II Albus Dumbledore filming
2012 Ivan the Fool Narrator in production (voice)


Awards and nominations



References

  1. Michael Gambon biography on tiscali
  2. Q&A with Michael Gambon, Professor Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter
  3. YouTube - Guinness Penguins
  4. For details,
  5. Michael Gambon (Reader), Words and Music: Harold Pinter. Transmitted on BBC Radio 3, 22 February 2009. Web. 22 February 2009. (Accessible for 7 days afterward on "Listen again" on BBCiPlayer.)
  6. Birth of William Gambon


Further reading

  • Who's Who in the Theatre, Fourteenth edition, Pitman (1967) for National Theatre at the Old Vic playbills
  • Who's Who in the Theatre, Seventeenth edition, Gale (1981) ISBN 0810302357 for Michael Gambon's own CV up to 1980
  • Giant of the Stage: A Profile of Michael Gambon by John Thaxter, The Stage newspaper, (16 November, 2000)
  • Gambon: A Life in Acting by Mel Gussow, Nick Hern Books (2004) ISBN 185497736
  • Theatre Record and Theatre Record annual indexes 1981–2007


External links




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