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Mid-Atlantic States: Map

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Mid-Atlantic Region
Regional statistics
Composition Delawaremarker

Marylandmarker

New Jerseymarker

New Yorkmarker

Pennsylvaniamarker

Virginiamarker

West Virginiamarker

District of Columbiamarker
Area

 - Total


191,300 sq mi (495,464.7 km²)

(Slightly smaller than Spainmarker.)
Population

- Total



- Density


57,303,316 (2008 est.)

(Pop. of Canadamarker and Australia combined.)

300/sq mi (116/km²)
Largest city New York Citymarker (pop. 8,246,310)
GDP $2.962 trillion (2007)
Metropolitan Areas New York–New Jerseymarker

Baltimore–Washington

Philadelphia–Wilmington

Pittsburgh


The Mid-Atlantic States (also called Middle Atlantic States or simply the Mid Atlantic) form a region of the United Statesmarker generally located between New Englandmarker and the South. Its exact definition differs upon source, but the region often includes Delawaremarker, Marylandmarker, New Jerseymarker, New Yorkmarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, Washington D.C.marker, and sometimes Virginiamarker and West Virginiamarker.

The Mid-Atlantic has played an important role in the development of American culture, commerce, trade, and industry, yet it is one of the least self-conscious of American regions. It has been called "the typically American" region by Frederick Jackson Turner. Religious pluralism and ethnic diversity have been important elements of Mid-Atlantic society from its settlement by Dutch, Swedes, English Catholics and Quakers through to the period of English rule and beyond. After the American Revolution, the Mid-Atlantic hosted each of the historic capitals of the United States, including the current federal capital, Washington D.C.marker

In the early part of the nineteenth century, New Yorkmarker and Pennsylvaniamarker overtook Virginiamarker as the most populous states and the New Englandmarker states as the country's most important trading and industrial centers. Large numbers of German, Irish, Italian, Jewish, Polish and other immigrants transformed the region, especially coastal cities like New York Citymarker, Philadelphiamarker and Baltimoremarker, but also interior cities like Pittsburghmarker and Buffalomarker.

New York Citymarker, with its skyscrapers, subways and headquarters of the United Nationsmarker, emerged in the twentieth century as an icon of modernity and American economic and cultural power. It would suffer the brunt of the September 11 attacks, along with two other places in the Mid-Atlantic, Arlington, Virginiamarker and Shanksville, Pennsylvaniamarker. By the twenty-first century, the coastal areas of the Mid-Atlantic were thoroughly urbanized. The Northeast Corridor and Interstate 95 linked an almost contiguous sprawl of suburbs and large and small cities, forming the Mid-Atlantic portion of the northeast megalopolis, one of the world's most important concentrations of finance, media, communications, education, medicine, and technology. Waves of Chinese, Indian, Mexican, Russian, Dominican, Jamaican, Filipino, Pakistani, Salvadoran and other immigrants are further transforming the Mid-Atlantic economy and culture.

The Mid-Atlantic is a relatively affluent region of the nation, having 43 of the 100 highest-income counties in the nation based on median household income and 33 of the top 100 based on per capita income. Most of the Mid-Atlantic states rank among the 15 highest-income states in the nation by median household income and per capita income.

Defining the Mid-Atlantic

There are differing interpretations as to the actual composition of the Mid-Atlantic. Sometimes, the nucleus is considered to consist of Marylandmarker, Delawaremarker, and Virginiamarker, with additional states possibly included. Other sources consider New Yorkmarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, and New Jerseymarker to be the core Mid-Atlantic states, with others sometimes included. For example, since the 1910 census, the Mid-Atlantic Census Division has included New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania, which combined with the New England Division, comprised the Northeast Census Region.

The 'Typically American' region

An 1897 map displays an inclusive definition of the Mid-Atlantic region, including Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania.Frederick Jackson Turner wrote in 1893 about the important role the Mid-Atlantic or "Middle region" had played in the formation of the national American culture, and defined it as "the typical American region".

History

. Shipping and trade have been important to the Mid-Atlantic economy since the colonial era.

From early colonial times, the Mid-Atlantic region was settled by a wider range of European people than in New England or the South. The New Netherland settlement along the Hudson River in New York and New Jersey, and for a time New Sweden along the Delaware River in Delaware, divided the two great bulwarks of English settlement from each other. The original English settlements in the region notably provided refuge to religious minorities, Maryland to Roman Catholics, and Pennsylvania to Quakers and the mostly Anabaptist Pennsylvania Dutch. In time, all these settlements fell under English control, but the region continued to be a magnet for people of diverse nationalities.

The area that came to be known as the Middle Colonies served as a strategic bridge between the North and South. Philadelphiamarker, midway between the northern and southern colonies, was home to the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates that organized the American Revolution. The same city was the birthplace of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the United States Constitution in 1787.

While early settlers were mostly farmers, traders and fishermen, the Mid-Atlantic states provided the young United States with heavy industry and served as the "melting pot" of new immigrants from Europe. Cities grew along major shipping routes and waterways. Such flourishing cities included New York Citymarker on the Hudson River, Philadelphiamarker on the Delaware River and Baltimoremarker on the Chesapeake Bay.

Cities and Urban Areas

Combined Statistical Areas

Combined Statistical Areas with more than 1,000,000 people:

Large Cities

Cities with more than 200,000 people:

State Capitals



See also



References

  1. Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier in American History.



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