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Middlesbrough is a unitary authority and borough in North Yorkshire, Englandmarker. It is based on the town of Middlesbroughmarker, which is sometimes considered to spread outside the borough boundaries into the neighbouring borough of Redcar and Clevelandmarker; the borough extends southwards to a semi-rural area. Whilst part of North Yorkshire for ceremonial purposes it is in the region of North East England.

It had a resident population in 2001 of 134,855. A 2006 mid-year estimate suggests the Borough to have a population of 138,400 and the urban area to have 147,823 and rising. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, from part of the former County Borough of Teesside, along with the parish of Nunthorpemarker from the Stokesley Rural Districtmarker. It was a district, and the county town of the new county of Clevelandmarker from 1 April 1974, until 1996, when Cleveland was abolished under the Banham Review, and Middlesbrough became a unitary authority

The borough borders Stockton-on-Teesmarker to the west, Redcar and Clevelandmarker to the east and the Hambletonmarker district of North Yorkshire to the south.

Unlike most English districts, its council is led by a directly-elected mayor, currently Ray Mallon. Mr. Mallon was previously a senior officer in Cleveland Police, and was noted for a zero-tolerance approach to crime, adopted from the New Yorkmarker system, during his time as head of Middlesbrough's CID.

Below is the political composition of the council as of 2008.

Year Labour Conservatives Liberal Democrats Independents
2008 26 6 5 11

The borough has 23 council wards. Middlesbrough is mostly unparished, with Nunthorpemarker and Stainton and Thorntonmarker being the only parishes. Areas within the borough, other than central Middlesbrough, are



This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of South Teesside at current basic prices. published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 2,428 9 926 1,493
2000 2,919 11 940 1,967
2003 3,167 10 970 2,187

 includes hunting and forestry

 includes energy and construction

 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding

Armorial Bearings

The original coat of arms of the Borough was devised in the nineteenth century by William Hylton Dyer Longstaffe , and regranted in 1976 with slight modifications after the dissolution of Cleveland County. The images, from the collection of the Heraldry Society,will be found on Robert Young's Civic Heraldry website.


  1. Selected age groups for local authorities in United Kingdom: mid-2006 population estimates
  2. GENUKI: Middlesbrough Parish information from Bulmers' 1890

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