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Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is an area of Manhattanmarker, New York Citymarker home to world-famous commercial zones such as Rockefeller Centermarker, Broadwaymarker, and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan is home to the city's tallest and most famous buildings such as the Empire State Buildingmarker and Chrysler Buildingmarker.

Midtown, along with "Uptown" and "Downtown", is one of the three major subdivisions of Manhattan (though "Uptown" and "Downtown" can also be used as adjectives or prepositions, and can take on completely different meanings in the other boroughs, whereas the term "Midtown" cannot) and can be understood as those parts of Manhattan in neither of these two other regions - that is, all areas between 14th Street and 59th Street, from the Hudson River to the East Rivermarker, about five square miles or 12 km2. The core of Midtown Manhattan is from about 31st Street to 59th Street between Third and Ninth avenues, about two square miles (this is the area most commonly referred to as "Midtown.") The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Streetmarker and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile.

As New York's largest central business district, Midtown Manhattan is indisputably the busiest single commercial district in the United States, and among the most intensely and diversely used pieces of real estate in the world. The great majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, lie within Midtown. More than 700,000 commuters work in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments; the area also hosts many tourists, visiting residents, and students. Some areas, especially Times Square and Fifth Avenuemarker, have massive clusters of retail establishments. Sixth Avenuemarker in Midtown holds the headquarters of three of the four major television networks, and is one of a few global centers of news and entertainment. It is also a growing center of finance, second in importance within the United States only to Downtown Manhattan's Financial District. Times Square is also the epicenter of American theatermarker.

Cityscape



Neighborhoods

The Diamond District
Western midtown
Eastern midtown
Midtown encompasses many neighborhoods including Hell's Kitchenmarker and Chelseamarker on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Baymarker, Turtle Baymarker, and Gramercy on the East Side. It is also sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts.A simplistic and by no means comprehensive list of the neighborhoods in the Midtown area is as follows:

Midtown also contains historical but defunct neighborhoods, such as the Ladie's Mile, along Fifth Avenuemarker from 14th Street to 23rd Street and the Tenderloinmarker, from 23rd Street to 42nd Streetmarker and Fifth Avenuemarker to Seventh Avenue.

Other important sights in Midtown:



Important streets and thoroughfares in Midtown:

Economy

Corporate headquarters

Time Warner is headquartered in the Time Warner Center in Midtown. Thomson Reuters is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. MetLife maintains its headquarters in the MetLife Buildingmarker. Viacom is headquartered in Midtown. CBS Corporation has its headquarters in Midtown; CBS subsidiary Simon & Schuster has its headquarters in the Rockefeller Centermarker. Hess Corporationmarker maintains its headquarters at 1185 Avenue of the Americas. DC Comics is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. Marvel Entertainment is headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. NBC Universal is headquartered in the Rockefeller Centermarker in Midtown Manhattan. The New York Times Companymarker is headquartered in Midtown. Morgan Stanley is headquartered in Midtown. Cantor Fitzgerald is headquartered in Midtown. Marsh & McLennan Companies has its headquarters in Midtown. The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan. 4Kids Entertainment has its world headquarters in Midtown. Cushman & Wakefield has its world headquarters in the 1290 Avenue of the Americas building.

Six Flags maintains its headquarters at 1540 Broadway. Six Flags announced its move to New York from Oklahoma Citymarker on January 27, 2006.

Foreign subsidiary operations

Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building previously was a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002. Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood. El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown.

Former economic operations

Prior to its dissolution American Overseas Airlines was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. The MetLife Buildingmarker, in previous eras, was the Pan Am Building and the headquarters of Pan American World Airways. In 1991 Pan Am decided that it would move its headquarters to the Miamimarker area. At the time Pan Am shut down later in 1991, MetLife was headquartered in the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Towermarker.

After Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Centermarker to Miami-Dade County, Floridamarker.

In 1975 American Airlines was headquartered at 633 Third Avenue in Murray Hill. In 1978 American announced that it would move its headquarters to a site at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airportmarker in 1979. The move affected up to 1,300 jobs. Mayor of New York City Ed Koch described this move as "betrayal" of New York City.

In 1975 Trans World Airlines was headquartered in Turtle Bay. TWA moved its headquarters from New York City to Mount Kisco, New Yorkmarker in the 1980s.

At one time Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group) was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. In 2003 Philip Morris announced that it would move its headquarters from New York City to Virginia. The company said that it planned to keep around 750 employees in its former headquarters. Brendan McCormick, a spokesperson for Philip Morris, said that the company estimated that the move would save the company over $60 million each year.

Prior to its dissolution Central Park Media, an anime and manga distributor, was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan.

Diplomatic missions

Several countries, The Bahamas, People's Republic of China, Costa Rica, Germany, Republic of Ireland, Israelmarker, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, United Kingdom, Ukraine, have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China is in Midtown Manhattan.

Government and infrastructure

The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administrationmarker operates its New York office on the 22nd floor at 135 West 50th Street.

The United States Postal Service operates the James A.marker Farley Post Officemarker, New York City's main post office, in Midtown Manhattan. The post office stopped 24 hour service beginning on May 9, 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic.

Education

The New York City Department of Education operates public schools in Midtown Manhattan.

The New York Public Librarymarker operates the Mid-Manhattan Library at 455 Fifth Avenue at 40th Street. The system also operates the 58th Street Branch Library at 127 East 58th Street, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue.

See also



References

External links




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