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John Michael Hawthorn (10 April 1929 - 22 January 1959) was a racing driver, born in Mexboroughmarker, Yorkshiremarker, Englandmarker, and educated at Ardingly College, West Sussex.

Biography

Hawthorn made his Formula One debut at the 1952 Belgian Grand Prix, finishing an impressive 4th place. He would later win his first Grand Prix, at only the 9th attempt, when he won the 1953 French Grand Prix at Reimsmarker.

In 1955, Hawthorn was the winner of the 24 hours of Le Mansmarker race, despite being involved in the terrible crash that killed 84 spectatorsmarker and fellow racer Pierre Levegh.



He was the winner of the Formula One Championship. With only one win that year against four wins of Stirling Moss, he benefited greatly from the gentlemanliness of Moss as shown at the Portuguesemarker Grand Prix of Portomarker. Hawthorn was disqualified for pushing his car, against the rules, on the way to a second place finish. Moss interceded on Hawthorn's behalf and the decision was ultimately reversed. Those second place points at Porto contributed to Hawthorn winning the championship with a season total just one point more than that of Moss. After winning the title, Hawthorn immediately announced his retirement from Formula One.

Death

A matter of only months later, on 22 January 1959, Hawthorn died in an automobile accident on the A3 bypass near Guildfordmarker driving his British Racing Green highly tuned Jaguar 3.4-litre sedan (now known as the 3.4 Mk 1). What happened that day is still unknown, suggested causes being driver error, mechanical failure, or blackout. The crash has been ascribed to combination of high speed, bad weather, competitiveness and impulsiveness. Rob Walker's 300 SL Mercedes was ahead of him. Perhaps Hawthorn pushed his car to pass Walker's. Hawthorn's Jaguar, nicknamed "the Merceater" was heavily modified for high power and speed. "No Kraut car could overtake or outaccelerate" Hawthorn's Jaguar (these are the words in his biography Challenge Me The Race) - a close relation had been killed in the war, hence his dislike of Germans.

There is now evidence that Hawthorn had recently become subject to blackouts that might well have caused the accident.

In Farnhammarker, the town where he lived up to the time of his death, there is a street named Mike Hawthorn Drive (off Dogflud Way). It was also in this town that Hawthorn ran The Tourist Trophy Garage. Jaguars, Rileys, Fiats and Ferraris were serviced and sold from there.

Complete World Championship Results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)
Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts.
1952 LD Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol I6 SUI

500

BEL

4
GBR

3
GER

NED

4
ITA

Ret
5th 10
AHM Bryde Cooper T20 Bristol I6 FRA

Ret
1953 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari I4 ARG

4
500

NED

4
BEL

6
FRA

1
GBR

5
GER

3
SUI

3
ITA

6
4th 19 (27)
1954 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 ARG

DSQ
500

BEL

4*
GBR

2
GER

2*
SUI

Ret
ITA

2
3rd 24.64
Ferrari 553 Ferrari I4 FRA

Ret
ESP

1
1955 Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 ARG

MON

Ret
500

BEL

Ret
NC 0
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 555 Ferrari I4 NED

7
ITA

10
Ferrari 625 Ferrari I4 GBR

6
1956 Owen Racing Organisation Maseratimarker 250F Maseratimarker I6 ARG

3
BEL

DNS
12th 4
BRM P25 BRM I4 MON

DNS
500

GBR

Ret
GER

ITA

Vandervell Products Ltd. Vanwall Vanwall I4 FRA

10
1957 Scuderia Ferrari Lancia-Ferrari D50A Lancia V8 ARG

Ret
MON

Ret
500

4th 13
Ferrari 801 Lancia V8 FRA

4
GBR

3
GER

2
PES

ITA

6
1958 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 ARG

3
MON

Ret
NED

5
500

BEL

2
FRA

1
GBR

2
GER

Ret
POR

2
ITA

2
MOR

2
1st 42 (49)
* Indicates Shared Drive ==Hawthorn Memorial Trophy== The '''Hawthorn Memorial Trophy''' has been awarded to the most successful [[United Kingdom|British]] or [[Commonwealth of Nations|Commonwealth]] F1 driver every year since {{F1|1959}}.{{cite news| title =Button receives Hawthorn Trophy| publisher =racecar.com| url =http://www.racecar.com/story.asp?NewsID=17848| date =2007-07-08| accessdate =2007-07-16}} {{hidden begin|title=Winners|toggle=left}} ([[List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions|Formula One World Drivers' Champions]] of the year in '''bold''') {| class="wikitable" hide style="font-size: 95%" |- ! Year ! Winner |- ! {{f1|1959}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} '''[[Jack Brabham]]''' |- ! {{f1|1960}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} '''[[Jack Brabham]]''' |- ! {{f1|1961}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Stirling Moss]] |- ! {{f1|1962}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Graham Hill]]''' |- ! {{f1|1963}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} '''[[Jim Clark]]''' |- ! {{f1|1964}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[John Surtees]]''' |- ! {{f1|1965}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} '''[[Jim Clark]]''' |- ! {{f1|1966}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} '''[[Jack Brabham]]''' |- ! {{f1|1967}} | {{flagicon|New Zealand}} '''[[Denny Hulme]]''' |- ! {{f1|1968}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Graham Hill]]''' |- ! {{f1|1969}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} '''[[Jackie Stewart]]''' |- ! {{f1|1970}} | {{flagicon|New Zealand}} [[Denny Hulme]] |- ! {{f1|1971}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} '''[[Jackie Stewart]]''' |- ! {{f1|1972}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[Jackie Stewart]] |- ! {{f1|1973}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} '''[[Jackie Stewart]]''' |- ! {{f1|1974}} | {{flagicon|New Zealand}} [[Denny Hulme]] |- ! {{f1|1975}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[James Hunt]] |- ! {{f1|1976}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[James Hunt]]''' |- ! {{f1|1977}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[James Hunt]] |- ! {{f1|1978}} | {{flagicon|Northern Ireland}} [[John Watson (racing driver)|John Watson]] |- ! {{f1|1979}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} [[Alan Jones (Formula 1)|Alan Jones]]* |- ! {{f1|1980}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} '''[[Alan Jones (Formula 1)|Alan Jones]]''' |- ! {{f1|1981}} | {{flagicon|Australia}} [[Alan Jones (Formula 1)|Alan Jones]] |- ! {{f1|1982}} | {{flagicon|Northern Ireland}} [[John Watson (racing driver)|John Watson]] |- ! {{f1|1983}} | {{flagicon|Northern Ireland}} [[John Watson (racing driver)|John Watson]] |- ! {{f1|1984}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Derek Warwick]] |- ! {{f1|1985}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1986}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1987}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1988}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Derek Warwick]] |- ! {{f1|1989}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1990}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1991}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Nigel Mansell]] |- ! {{f1|1992}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Nigel Mansell]]''' |- ! {{f1|1993}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Damon Hill]] |- ! {{f1|1994}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Damon Hill]] |- ! {{f1|1995}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Damon Hill]] |- ! {{f1|1996}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Damon Hill]]''' |- ! {{f1|1997}} | {{flagicon|Canada}} '''[[Jacques Villeneuve]]''' |- ! {{f1|1998}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[David Coulthard]] |- ! {{f1|1999}} | {{flagicon|Northern Ireland}} [[Eddie Irvine]] |- ! {{f1|2000}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[David Coulthard]] |- ! {{f1|2001}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[David Coulthard]] |- ! {{f1|2002}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[David Coulthard]] |- ! {{f1|2003}} | {{flagicon|Scotland}} [[David Coulthard]] |- ! {{f1|2004}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Jenson Button]] |- ! {{f1|2005}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Jenson Button]] |- ! {{f1|2006}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Jenson Button]] |- ! {{f1|2007}} | {{flagicon|England}} [[Lewis Hamilton]] |- ! {{f1|2008}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Lewis Hamilton]]''' |- ! {{f1|2009}} | {{flagicon|England}} '''[[Jenson Button]]''' |} *In , the trophy was not given to Gilles Villeneuve, a Canadianmarker driver, who finished the season as runner-up but ahead of Alan Jones who finished third.

References



External links




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