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Mike Nichols (born 6 November 1931) is an Americanmarker television, stage and film director, writer, and producer. Nichols is one of only ten people to have won all the major American entertainment awards: an Oscar, Grammy, Emmy and Tony Award.

Early years

Nichols was born Michael Igor Peschkowsky in Berlin, Germanymarker, the son of Brigitte Landauer (his maternal grandparents are Gustav Landauer and Hedwig Lachmann) and Igor Nicholaievitch Peschkowsky, a physician. He and his German-Russian Jewish family moved to the United Statesmarker to flee the Nazis in 1939 . He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1944. While attending the University of Chicagomarker in the 1950s, he began work in improvisational comedy with the Compass Players, a precursor to The Second City, and later started the long-running Midnight Special folk music program on radio station WFMT.

Career

Nichols formed a comedy team with Elaine May, with whom he appeared in nightclubs, on radio, released best-selling records, made guest appearances on several television programs and had their own show on Broadwaymarker, directed by Arthur Penn. They were accompanied by Chicago pianist Marty Rubenstein, host of the television show Marty's Place. Personal idiosyncrasies and tensions (the latter culminating in the out-of-town closing of A Matter of Position, a play written by May and starring Nichols) eventually drove the duo apart to pursue other projects in 1961. They later reconciled and worked together many times, with May scripting his films The Birdcage and Primary Colors. They appeared together at President Jimmy Carter's inaugural gala and in a 1980 New Haven stage revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? with Swoosie Kurtz and James Naughton.

Nichols was chosen to direct Neil Simon's Barefoot In The Park in 1963. He realized almost at once that directing was what he wanted to do for the rest of his life. Nichols's production of Simon's play was a blockbuster hit, running for 1530 performances. He went on to direct (and occasionally produce) many other Broadway hits, including several more by Simon. He has won numerous theatre awards, including the Tony Award for Best Direction for seven different productions.

Nichols' career as a film director began with Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? in 1966 for which he received an Oscar nomination, and The Graduate--the biggest hit film released in 1967—for which he won the Best Director Oscar. He's also won Emmy Awards for his direction of Wit (2001) and Angels in America (2003).

Nichols is a contributing blogger at The Huffington Post. He's also a co-founder of The New Actors Workshop in New York Citymarker, where he occasionally teaches.

Personal life

Nichols has been married four times. His first wife was Patricia Scott; they were married from 1957 to 1960. He then married Margo Callas in 1963, and they had a daughter, Daisy Nichols. His marriage to Callas ended in 1974. Annabel Davis-Goff, with whom he has two children, Max Nichols and Jenny Nichols, was his third wife. They were divorced in 1986. He has been married to his fourth and current wife, Good Morning America anchor Diane Sawyer, since April 29, 1988.

Work

Stage productions



Filmography

Year Film Oscar
nominations
Oscar
wins
1966 Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 13 5
1967 The Graduate 7 1
1968 Teach Me!
1970 Catch-22
1971 Carnal Knowledge 1
1973 The Day of the Dolphin 2
1975 The Fortune
1980 Gilda Live
1983 Silkwood 5
1986 Heartburn
1988 Biloxi Blues
Working Girl 6 1
1990 Postcards from the Edge 2
1991 Regarding Henry
1994 Wolf
1996 The Birdcage 1
1998 Primary Colors 2
2000 What Planet Are You From?
2001 Wit
2003 Angels in America
2004 Closer 2
2007 Charlie Wilson's War 1


Awards and nominations

Awards
  • 1961 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album
  • 1964 Tony Award for Best Director of a Play – Barefoot in the Park
  • 1965 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Luv and The Odd Couple
  • 1968 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Plaza Suite
  • 1968 Academy Award for Best Director – The Graduate
  • 1972 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Prisoner of Second Avenue
  • 1977 Tony Award for Best Musical – Annie
  • 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – Comedians
  • 1977 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical – Annie
  • 1984 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Real Thing
  • 1984 Tony Award for Best Play – The Real Thing
  • 1984 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – The Real Thing
  • 2001 Emmy Award for Direction for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special – Wit
  • 2001 Emmy Award for Outstanding Made for Television Movie – Wit
  • 2003 Kennedy Center Honors
  • 2004 Emmy Award for Direction - Miniseries/Movie – Angels in America
  • 2004 Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries – Angels in America
  • 2005 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical – Spamalot
  • 2010 American Film Institute Lifetime Achievement Award


Nominations
  • 1967 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical – The Apple Tree
  • 1967 Academy Award for Best Director – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
  • 1974 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Uncle Vanya
  • 1976 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – Streamers
  • 1977 Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series – Family
  • 1977 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – Comedians
  • 1978 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Play – The Gin Game
  • 1978 Tony Award for Best Play – The Gin Game
  • 1978 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – The Gin Game
  • 1978 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – The Gin Game
  • 1982 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding New Play – Grown Ups
  • 1984 Academy Award for Best Director – Silkwood
  • 1984 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play – The Real Thing
  • 1985 Tony Award for Best Play – Hurlyburly
  • 1989 Academy Award for Best Director – Working Girl"
  • 1994 Academy Award for Best Picture – The Remains of the Day
  • 2001 Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing - Miniseries/Movie – Wit
  • 2003 Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event – The Play What I Wrote
  • 2003 Drama Desk Award for Unique Theatrical Experience – The Play What I Wrote
  • 2005 Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event – Whoopi
  • 2005 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical – Spamalot


References

External links




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