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Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine, OSBIH Cyrillic script: Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker. The Bosnian Armed forces were unified in 2005 and are composed of two founding armies: Bosniak-Croat, Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb, Army of Republika Srpska. The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded in 2004, is in charge of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The supreme commander of the Bosnian Armed Forces is the current president of Bosnia and Herzegovina thus the Presidency commands the Bosnian Army, then the Bosnian Ministry of Defence with the minister Selmo Cikotić, then the Chiefs of Joint Staff with Sifet Podžić as the head of the chiefs. Conscription was completely abolished in Bosnia and Herzegovina effective on and from 1 January 2006.

Structure

Chiefs of Joint Staff



Personnel

Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 10,000 Active troops
  • 5,000 Reserve troops
  • 1,000 Civilian staff
Chiefs of Joint Staff structure

Components

Arms



Services

  • Technical service
  • Air technology service
  • Military Police service
  • Communications service
  • Sanitary service
  • Veterans service
  • Civilian service
  • Financial service
  • Information service
  • Legal service
  • Religious service
  • Musical service


Defense Law

Bosnia and Herzegovina Defense Law defines the following areas:

  1. Military of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. Government Institutions
  3. Entity jurisdictions and structure
  4. Budget and Financing
  5. Composition of Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  6. War declaration
  7. Natural disasters
  8. Conflict of interests and professionalism
  9. Oath to Bosnia-Herzegovina
  10. Flags, Anthem and Military Insignia
  11. Transitional and end orders


Uniform

Insignia

Insignia is found on military hats or berets, on the right and left shoulder on the uniform of all Soldiers of the Armed Forces. All, except for generals, wear badges on their hats or berets with either the land force badge or air force badge. Generals wear badges with the coat of arms of Bosnia surrounded with branches and two swords.All soldiers of the armed forces have on their right shoulder a flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina. All members of the 3 regiments wear their regiment insignia on the left shoulder. There are other insignias, brigades or other institution are worn under the regiment insignia. The name of the soldiers is worn on the left part of the chest while the name "Armed Forces of BiH" is worn on the right part of the chest.

Regiments

There are three regiments that have soldiers of one of the three ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs from the past armies that were created during the Bosnian war. These regiments have their distinct ethnic insignias.

Equipment

Infantry weapons

Assault rifle



Sniper rifle



Pistol



Machine gun



Rocket Launcher



Main battle tanks



Anti-tank weapons



Artillery



Logistics



Helicopters

Assault Rifle
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
M16 rifle
Assault Rifle
A1 and A2
From 2010 OSBiH will be scrapped A1 versions, and use A2 and A4 versions
M16 rifleA4
Assault rifle
A4
Will enter in service by 2010
AR-15
Assault rifle
1000 Donated by 1999 and 22 000 purchased by FABiH 2000 - 2004
M4 carbine
Assault rifle
SOPMOD
HK33
Assault rifle
Donated by Turkeymarker 1997
Heckler & Koch MP5
Assault rifle/Submachine gun
Used by Military Police and Bosnian Special Forces
AK-47
Assault rifle
Zastava M70
Assault rifle
Zastava M72
Assault rifle
M72 and M72A
250 000 sold to Iraqmarker
PP-19
Assault rifle/Submachine gun
250 donated by Russia and 1000 purchased by Bosnian Government, only used by Special Forces and Special Anti-terrorist Unit SIPA
AG3
Assault rifle
A2 and A3
A2 donated by Turkeymarker 1998, A3 was later purchased by Bosnian Government
G36
Assault rifle
G36C variants and G36K Variants
Large number on loan from Germanymarker, smaller number purchased by Bosnian Government
Sniper rifle
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
Zastava M76
Sniper rifle
Zastava M91
Sniper rifle
Zastava M93 Black Arrow
Sniper rifle
Pistol
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
Glock 17
Pistol
CZ-99
Pistol
CZ-999
/ /
Pistol
Machine gun
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
M60
Machine gun
M2 .50 caliber
Machine gun
M240 machine gun
Machine gun
Zastava M84
Machine gun
Ultimax 100
Machine gun
Small number
Rocket Launcher
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
M80 Rocket Launcher
Rocket Launcher
AT4
Rocket Launcher
M79 Osa
Rocket Launcher
Tanks
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
M60A3
Main battle tank (MBT)
A3
45
to remain in service due to NATO compatibility
AMX-30B2
Main battle tank (MBT)
B2
55
to remain in servie due NATO compatibility
M84
Main battle tank
AB, ABN, ABK, A4
As of 2009 65 in service
As of 2008, 50 AB variants operational tanks have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds.
T-72
Main battle tank
M and B version
15 of M variant and 25 of B variant
As of 2008 it's only 10 M variants, and operating with 30 B variants
TR-85
Main battle tank
M1
20 in service
20 T-55's have been modernize to TR 85M1 Bizonul
T-55
Main battle tank
150 in reserve
Currently 10 are T-55s are in service

Armoured fighting vehicles

APC/AFC
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
M113A2
APC
A2 and A3
90 A2 + 60 A3
BVP M-80
IFV/ICV
A and ALT (Tank Hunter)
60 A + 30 A LT
As of 2008 35 operational IFV have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds.
HMMWV
APC
25
AMX-10P
APC/AFC
P
35
Machine gun
Origin
Type
Versions
Notes
AT-4 Spigot
Anti-tank missel
AT-3 Sagger
Anit-tank missel
MILAN
Anit-tank missel
MILAN/MILAN 2T/MILAN ER
HJ-8
Anti-tank missel
Baktar-Shikan, HJ-8E
Was supplied to ARBiH in early 1990s
Artillery
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
D-30
Howitzer
D-30J
86 + 35 in reserve
BM-21 Grad
Multiple rocket launcher
BM-21 Grad/RM-70
29
APR-40/LAROM
Multiple rocket launcher
APR-40 and LAROM
32
As of 2008 all APR-40 have been upgraded to LAROM
LAROM
Multiple rocket launcher
LAROM
12
As of 2007 they enter service
M-63
Multiple rocket launcher
M-63 Plamen and M-94 "Plamen-S"
20 M-63 and 10 M-94
M-77
Multiple rocket launcher
M-77 Oganj
7 + 8 reserve
M-87 Orkan
(Heavy) Multiple rocket launcher
Orkan and OrkanII
4 Orkan and 2 OrkanII
OrkanII have been captured at Brcko 1994
Logistics
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
Mercedes-Benz G-270
Logistics
33
Donated by Germany, used of Military Police/Officers
Mercedes-Benz Unimog
Logistics
40
Donated by Germany
TAM
Utility trucks
Large number
Chars Transportation
Transportation
700
400 doanted by U.S forces
Iveco LMV
50
Aircraft
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
UH-1H
Utility helicopter
H
15
Mil Mi-8
Utility helicopter
Mi-8T, Mi-8MTV-1
9 Mi-8T and 2 Mi-8MTV-1
Mil Mi-17
Utility helicopter
Mi-17
6 in service
Soko Gazelle Gama
/
Utility helicopterLight AttackAttack Helicopter
16 + 4 in reserve
Mil Mi-34
Utility helicopter
1+1+(1) total 3 in service
1 used by ground forces for training1 used by air forces for training1 still in Turkeymarker

Other equipment

Equipment
Origin
Type
In service
Hughes/Magnavox AN/PRC-126
Hand held radios
11,000
NAPCO AN/PRC-77
man pack radios
5,600
Tactical telephones
/
Tactical telephones
4,100 + 2,600
Binoculars
22,000
10/20 kW generators
/
Generators
500

Formations

Joint Command and Operational Command - Sarajevo

  • 1st Infantry Brigade (Tuzla)
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade (Banja Luka)
  • 3rd Infantry Brigade (Čapljina)
    • Signals Platoon
    • Military Police Platoon
    • Reconnaissance Company
    • 1st Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Infantry Battalion
    • 3rd Infantry Battalion
    • Artillery Battalion (Doboj, Mostar and Žepče)


  • Air Defense Brigade (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla)
    • 1st Helicopter Squadron
    • 2nd Helicopter Squadron
    • Air Defense Battalion
    • Early Warning and Surveillance Battalion
    • Flight Support Battalion


  • Tactical Support Brigade
    • Engineer Battalion
    • De-mining Battalion (Bugojno)
    • MI Battalion
    • Military Police Battalion
    • Armor Battalion (Tuzla)
    • NBC Defense Company
    • Signals Company
    • Signals Platoon


Support Command - Banja Luka

  • Personal Management Command - TRADOC
    • Training Section
    • Training Section
      • Combat Training Center
        • Armored Mechanized Battalion
      • Combat Simulation Center
      • Professional Development Center
        • Officers School
        • NCO School
        • Foreign Language Center
  • Logistics Command
    • Center for Movement Control
    • Center for Material Management
    • Main Logistics Base
    • 1st Logistics Support Battalion (Doboj and Sarajevo)
    • 2nd Logistics Support Battalion
    • 3rd Logistics Support Battalion
    • 4th Logistics Support Battalion
    • 5th Logistics Support Battalion


Locations of Military Forces

  • Joint Command and Operational Command - Sarajevo
  • Support Command - Banja Luka
  • 3 Infantry Brigades - Tuzla, Banja Luka, and Čapljina
  • Air Forces Brigade - Banja Luka, Sarajevo and Tuzla
  • Tactical Brigade - Sarajevo
  • Infantry Battalions - Banja Luka, Bihać, Bijeljina, Bileća, Čapljina, Kiseljak, Livno, Orašje, Prijedor, Tuzla ,Ustikolin and Zenica
  • Helicopter Battalion - Sarajevo and Banja Luka
  • Air Defense Battalion - Sarajevo
  • Air Reconnaissance Battalion - Banja Luka
  • Air Support Battalion - Sarajevo and Banja Luka
  • Artillery Battalion - Doboj, Mostar and Žepče
  • Military Intelligence Battalion and Military Police Battalion - Butilama
  • Armored Battalion - Tuzla
  • De mining Battalion - Bugojno
  • Logistics Bases - Doboj and Sarajevo


History

Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Army of the Republic of Bosnia And Herzegovina, was created on 15 April 1992 during the early days of the Bosnian War

Before, the ARBiH was formally created, there existed a number of paramilitary groups such as the Green Berets, Patriotic League, Bosnia's Territorial Defence forces and civil defense groups, as well as many criminal gangs and collections of police and military professionals. The army was formed under poor circumstances, with a very low number of tanks, APC and no military aviation assets.

The army was divided into Corps, each Corp was stationed in a territory. First commander was Sefer Halilović.

Army of Repubika Srpska

The Army of Republika Srpska, was created on 12 May 1992.

Before, the VRS was formally created, there were a number of paramilitary groups such as the Srpska Dobrovoljačka Garda, Beli Orlovi, as well as some Russian, Greek and other volunteers. Most of the paramilitary groups were not under the command of General Ratko Mladić. The army was equipped with ex-JNA inventory. It had about 200 tanks, mostly T-55s and 85 M-84s, and 150 APCs with several heavy artillery pieces. The Air Defense of VRS has shot down several aircraft, like F-16, Mirage 2000, F-18 and two Croatian Air Force MiG-21. The VRS received support from the Yugoslav Army and FRYmarker until 1994, when Slobodan Milošević stopped military relations with Republika Srpska.

Croatian Defence Council

The Croatian Council of Defence was the main military formation of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia during the Bosnian War and it was first organized military force to with the aim to control the Croat populated areas. It is not to be confused with the Croatian Defence Forces (HOS) which was a separate Croatian military unit

Foreign armies

In 1995-96, a NATOmarker-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia and Herzegovina, beginning on December 21st 1995 to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force or SFOR. The number of SFOR troops was reduced first to 12,000 and then to 7,000. SFOR was in turn succeeded by an even smaller, EU-led European Union Force or EUFOR (Althea). , EUFOR numbers ca. 7,000 troops.

Statistical indicators

Military service age and obligation:18 years of age for compulsory military service in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; 16 years of age in times of war; 18 years of age for Republika Srpska; 17 years of age for voluntary military service in the Federation and in the Republika Srpska; by law, military obligations cover all healthy men between the ages of 18 and 60, and all women between the ages of 18 and 55; service obligation is 4 months (July 2004)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 18-49:
1,034,367 (2005 est.)

Military Branches: All branches are combined in to the OSBiH; Land, and Mechanized Forces.

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 18-49:
829,530 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually:

males:
31,264 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure:$450 million (FY06)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:4.5% (FY06)

Operations

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Iraq.
Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed a unit of 37 men to destroy munitions and clear mines, in addition to 6 command personnel as part of the Multinational force in Iraq. The unit was first deployed to Fallujahmarker, then Talil Air Basemarker, and is now located at Camp Echo. In December 2006, the Bosnian government formerly extended its mandate through June 2007. Bosnia and Herzegovina is planning to send another 49 soldiers from the 6th infantry division to Iraq in August 2008, their mission will be to protect/guard Camp Victory in Baghdadmarker.

See also



References

  1. NATO and the Defence Reform Commission: partners for progress (SETimes.com)


External links




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