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The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and borough in south central Englandmarker, at the northern tip of the South East England Region. For ceremional purposes, it is in the county of Buckinghamshire. It is the most northerly district of the South East region.

It borders the non-metropolitan counties of Buckinghamshire (the area under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council), Bedfordshire and Northamptonshiremarker. The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynesmarker itself, which accounts for about 33% of its area and 90% of its population.

History

The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban Districtmarker, Newport Pagnell Urban Districtmarker and Wolverton Urban Districtmarker, Newport Pagnell Rural Districtmarker and that part of Wing Rural Districtmarker within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.

It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England it became a self-governing unitary authority, independent from Buckinghamshire County Council. The borough however remains part of Buckinghamshire for ceremonial purposes.

Local government

Milton Keynes council is under no overall control and is currently governed by a Liberal Democrat minority administration, with Labour Party support. The Conservative Party is currently in opposition.

The political composition for the council is as follows.

Year Liberal Democrats Conservatives Labour
2008 21 20 10


Economy

This is a table of trend of regional gross value added (GVA) of Milton Keynes at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling (except GVA index).
Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services GVA index per person
1995 2,834 7 751 2,075 135
2000 4,166 5 805 3,356 141
2003 5,203 7 852 4,344 147


 1 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding


 2 includes hunting and forestry


 3 includes energy and construction


 4 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


 5 UK average index base = 100


Demographics

In 2006 the Office for National Statistics estimated the Borough's population at 224,500, making it the 54th-largest authority in England by population. Using Census 2001 data the ONS estimated the population of the contiguous built-up area to be 184,506.. By 2026, the population of the borough is projected to be 323,146.

In the 2001 census 90.72% of the population described their ethnic origin as white (nationally 90.92%), 3.66% as South Asian (4.58%), 2.41% as black (2.30%), 1.79% as mixed race (1.31%), 1.42% as Chinese and other (0.89%). In the same census, 66% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christianity and 30% as not religious or none given, compared to 72% and 22% nationally. A little over two percent of the population follow Islam (3% nationally) and a little over 1% are Hindu (1%), with no other religion above one percent.

The borough’s population age profile is younger than that for England as a whole, with half of the borough’s population aged under 35 years old (the median age). [Nationally, half of the population is aged less than 38]. The 35-44 year olds in Milton Keynes Borough can be seen as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 35-39 year olds being the largest 5-year age group.

Settlements

Milton Keynes (urban area)

The urban area accounts for about 33% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of Milton Keynes itself. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes.

Population trend of Borough and Urban Area 1801-2001
The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, within Milton Keynes itself.



Rest of the borough

The rural area accounts for about 66% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population.



References

  1. See List of English districts by population
  2. Office for National Statistics, Census 2001. " Usual resident population"
  3. Office for National Statistics, 2001. " Key Statistics 06: Ethnic group".
  4. Office for National Statistics, Census 2001. " Key Statistics 07: Religion".
  5. http://www.mkiobservatory.org.uk/download.aspx?id=5814&rt=1 Population Bulletin 2007/8 page 17


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