( , also spelt mimbar
) is a pulpit
where the imam
(leader of prayer) stands to deliver sermons (khutbah
خطبة ) or in the Hussainia
where the speaker sits and lectures the
congregation. While minbars are usually more akin to pulpits
in elevation and structures they have a
function and position more similar to that of a lectern
, emphasizing contact with the audience. The
minbar is usually shaped like a small tower with a pointed roof and
stairs leading up to it. Some believe decorating it is part of the
, oppositely the prophet Mohammed only
had a platform with 3 steps. The minbar is located to the right of the
mihrab, the niche that indicates the
direction of prayer (i.e. towards Mecca).
In some mosques there is a platform (müezzin mahfili
) opposite the minbar. That
is the place where the assistant of the Imam, the muezzin
, stands during prayer. The muezzin recites
the answer to the prayer of the Imam. This feature is the Islamic
equivalent of the pulpit
found in Christian churches.
The imam stands on the minbar to give his khutbah
as the one he gives on the two Eids
raised above the ground allows the imam to see all the worshipers.
And he should stand on the top step of the minbar following the
example of the Prophet Muhammad.