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Minuscule 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A138 (Soden). It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 11th century.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 274 thick parchment leaves (33.6 by 23.3 cm). Written in 1 column per page, biblical text in 36 lines per page, text of commentary in 51 lines per page. It is carelessly written, it contains tables of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections, Eusebian Canons, lectionary markings, subscriptions, στιχοι, pictures, and catenae. It has the commentaries of (Chrysotsomos in Matthew, Luke, and John, Victorinus in Mark).It contains the famous Jerusalem Colophon.

The text of the pericope John 7:53-8:11 placed at the end Gospel of John, after 21:25.


The Greek text of the codex according to Aland is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, but according to David Alan Black of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category V. Possibly it is a mixture of text-types.


The codex was brought from the East in 1669. It was collated by Scholz and W. F. Rose.

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de Francemarker (Gr. 1889) at Parismarker.

See also


  1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 48.
  2. David Alan Black, New Testament Textual Criticism, Baker Books, 2006, p. 65.
  3. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.

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