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Minuscule 700 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 133 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament. Formerly it was labelled as 604 in all catalogs (Scrivener, Hoskier), Gregory gave for it number 700.Dated paleographically to the 11th century.

Description

The codex contains a complete text of the Gospels on 297 parchment leaves (14.8 cm by 11.7 cm). Written in one column per page, 19 lines per page in minuscule letters. The Ammonian sections and the Eusebian Canons are presented (in Gospel of John very rarely). It contains Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian tables, lists of κεφαλαια (Matt, Mark, Luke), τιτλοι, illustrations of the evangelists, lectionary markings in gold. It lacks Mark 11:26.

Text

In Matt. 27:16 it has famous textual variant "Ιησουν τον Βαραββαν". This variant contain Codex Koridethi, and manuscripts of textual family f1.

It contains, together with minuscule 162, the remarkable reading in Gospel of Luke 11:2: ("May your Holy Spirit come upon us and cleanse us"), instead of ελθετω η βασιλεια σου ("May your kingdom come") in the Lord's Prayer. This peculiar reading does not appear in any other manuscript, but it was derived from very old archetype, because it is present in the Marcion's text of the third Gospel and is also attested by the church father Gregory of Nyssa. In Luke 11:4 phrase (but deliver us from evil) is omitted. Omission is supported by the manuscripts: Sinaiticus, B, L, f1 vg syrs copsa, bo, arm geo.

In Mark 5:9 it has απεκριθη λεγων as in codices E, 565. The other manuscripts have:
λεγιων ονομα μοι — א, B, C, L, Δ
απεκριτη — D
λεγεων — A, W, Θ, f1, f13, Byz


In Mark 10:19 — phrase μη αποστερησης omitted (as in codices B, K, W, Ψ, f1, f13, 28, 1010, 1079, 1242, 1546, 2148, 10, 950, 1642, 1761, syrs, arm, geo. This omission is typical for the manuscript of the Caesarean text-type.

In Luke 6:2 — οὐκ ἔξεστιν (not lawful) for οὐκ ἔξεστιν ποιεῖν (not lawful to do); the reading is supported only by \mathfrak{P}4, Vaticanus, (Codex Bezae), Codex Nitriensis, lat, copsa, copbo, arm, geo;

In John 8:8 it contains, together with U , 73, 331, 364, 782, 1592 and some Armenian manuscripts, contains the unique addition: ενος εκαστου αυτων τας αμαρτιας. This textual variant have also some Latin manuscripts. Minuscule 264 has this variant in John 8:6.

Hoskier exhibits 2724 variations from the Textus Receptus (of which 791 are omissions and 353 are additions). 270 textual variants do not used by any other manuscripts.

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Aland placed it in Category III.

History

The manuscript was bought in 1882 for the British Librarymarker.It was examined by Burgon, described and collated by Simcox, and Scrivener.The manuscript is located now in British Librarymarker, Egerton 2610 in Londonmarker.

See also



References

  1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 88.
  2. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 261.
  3. NA26, p. 128.
  4. Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 90.
  5. Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Walter de Gruyter 1995, p. 31.
  6. UBS3, p. 256.
  7. NA26, p. 102.
  8. UBS3, p. 165.
  9. NA26, p. 170.
  10. H. C. Hoskier, A Full Account and Collation of the Greek Cursive Codex Evangelium 604, London 1890.
  11. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 133.


Further reading

  • F. H. A. Scrivener, Adversaria critica sacra (Cambridge, 1893).
  • W. H. Simcox, American Journal of Philology V, 4 (Baltimore, 1884), pp. 454-465.
  • Herman C. Hoskier, A Full Account and Collation of the Greek Cursive Codex Evangelium 604, London, 1890.
  • Burnett Hillman Streeter, The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (MacMillan, 1924).
  • Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1981, p. 122.


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