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Mirek Topolánek ( ) (born 15 May 1956 in Vsetínmarker, Czechoslovakiamarker, now Czech Republic) is the former prime minister of the Czech Republic and President of the European Council. A member of the Civic Democratic Party, he has been chairman of the center-right party since November 2002, succeeding Václav Klaus, the current President of the Czech Republic.

On 24 March 2009, Topolanek announced his resignation, along with his Government, after it lost a no-confidence vote in the Czech Parliament. He remained in office until 8 May, at which point Jan Fischer took office as an independent Prime Minister leading an interim technical government .


Mirek Topolánek attended a military high school in Opavamarker, where he became a Socialistic Union of Youth member which he claimed to be semi-obligatory for future officer. After finishing he studied at Brno University of Technologymarker where he received an Ing. degree in mechanical engineering. In 1996 he won a scholarship for Training Course in Management of small and medium enterprise (MIM) in Cyprus and also attended a post-graduate Course in Corporate Management (Centre for Management Training, Čelákovice CZ).

He entered politics by becoming a member of a post-communist catch-all civic movement Civic Forum in 1989, and has been a member of the Civic Democratic Party since 1994. Topolánek co-founded the engineering company VAE Ltd. in 1991 and was a member of the VAE Inc. board of directors from 1996 to 2003.

Mirek Topolánek is separated from his wife Pavla Topolánková and has two daughters, two sons and two grandchildren.His hobbies include tennis, golf and rally driving. He likes books by Steinbeck, Hemingway, and Kundera. He admires such political personalities as Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and José María Aznar and music by the Czech folk singer Jarek Nohavica as well as Pink Floyd.

Political career

Topolánek was a member of the Senate from 1996 to 2004 and its deputy chairman from 2002 to 2004. Since June 2006 he has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies. After the June parliamentary elections in 2006, which produced a stalemate result (100 seats for left-leaning and 100 for right-leaning parties out of 200 Chamber of Deputies members). Topolánek was appointed Prime Minister by Václav Klaus on 16 August 2006 and introduced a unicolour government (nine members of the Civic Democratic Party and six independents). This government (Topolánek I) failed to gain confidence in the Chamber of Deputies, but he continued to be caretaker Prime Minister until 9 January 2007, when his second cabinet (Topolánek II) was appointed. He put together a centre-right coalition government with the Green Party and Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party. It finally gained confidence on 19 January 2007 (230 days after the elections), thanks to two social democratic deputies who abstained, thus effectively defaulting to a right-wing government rather than the unstable situation ongoing since the June 2006 elections.

Involvement in the Anti-Missile Defence System

Mirek Topolánek is an ardent supporter of the Bush administration's proposed anti-missile defence system, which was vehemently opposed by the Russians, and which the Obama administration has suggested may not need to be built if Russia cooperates in convincing Iranmarker, the country whose nuclear ambitions the defence system is to protect against, to stop the development of its nuclear programme and its support of terrorist organizations across the Middle East.

Five Prime Minister's Priorities

Mirek Topolánek introduced the so-called "Five Prime Minister's Priorities" in October 2007. It is a government statement which includes 10 program areas, which consist of 190 projects of Government’s Program Goals Through Electoral Term accepted by the government. To facilitate orientation and communication with citizens Mirek Topolánek has summarized the 10 program areas to Five Prime Minister‘s Priorities: Healthy Public Finances, Modern and Efficient State, Safe Citizen in a Safe Country, Removing Barriers, Promoting Science and Education.

Fall of Government

On 24 March 2009, after four failed earlier attempts, the opposition ČSSD and communists party succeeded in leading the lower house of the Czech parliament to a no confidence vote in Topolánek's government. The measure passed with 101 votes to 96 as four members of Topolánek's coalition (two of his own party) voting with the opposition. After the vote, Topolánek said that he would resign in accordance with the Constitution. He confidently said: "We believe the president should also follow the custom and appoint me to form a new government."

Several observers were surprised by the outcome of the vote. In addition, the European Commissionmarker stated that it had confidence in the Czech Republic, and that the nation's EU presidency would remain unaffected.

On 15 September, 2009, Topolánek resigned his seat in the Chamber of Deputies after ČSSD announced a delay of proposed snap election in October 2009.


Topolánek has been criticised for his rhetoric, which occasionally invokes memories of the World War II and Nazi atrocities. In August 2003 Topolánek called the programme of the competing Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) to be a "osvětimská lež" (Auschwitzmarker lie), a common expression in Czech which denotes Holocaust denial. Topolánek's remark therefore implied that ČSSD's program was a set of lies.

Further in June 2005, one year before the Parliament elections, he said: "From my side, don't expect anything else than a Night of the Long Knives. This night simply comes." This actually meant that after the elections of 2006, which he would win, he would make major personnel changes in the government.

In March 2007 he sent to a journalist an SMS message beginning with: "Es kommt der Tag...", whichmeans "The day will come...". This was used in the 1930s by the Sudetendeutsche Party representing Germans in the former Czechoslovakia, and meant that the day will come, when the Sudeten Area will become a part of Germany. Also in 2007, Topolánek was criticised when he raised his middle finger in the lower house. In October 2008, Topolánek lashed out at a photographer who was taking photographs of his 15-month-old son. BBC reported that at one stage Topolánek pushed the photographer against a wall and threateningly asked why he was taking photos of him

On 30 May 2009, the Italian police seized photos under suspicion of a violation of privacy. One photo, according to world media showed Topolánek naked at Villa Certosa (Silvio Berlusconi's summer house) in May 2008. In the end, Topolánek admitted the naked man taking the sun with topless women at Berlusconi's Villa Certosa was himself.


  1. Interview with Topolánek with info about his SSM membership
  2. Topolánek složil poslanecký mandát
  3. Trestní oznámení na Topolánka: prý propaguje nacismus
  4. David Irving a osvětimská lež; google translation of the page*"supporters of the Nazi era "osvětimské lie" (i.e., denial of the existence of gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau)"
  5. Article about Holocaust from Czech wiki; translation:*"In many countries of the world (including the Czech Republic) is preaching the theory of so-called Osvětimské lies valued as a criminal offense."
  6. Topolánek pobouřil SMSkou bojovníky proti nacismu (in Czech)
  11. Topolanek nudo nel giardino della Villa e nei viali bionde e brune mozzafiato. Corriere della Sera. 31 May 2009. Retrieved on 31 May 2009.
  12. Photographs show 'naked' Czech ex-PM at Berlusconi's villa. Times Online. 06 July 2009.

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