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Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippinesmarker located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro Citymarker. The province borders Lanao del Nortemarker and Bukidnonmarker to the south, the Agusan del Nortemarker and Agusan del Surmarker to the east, and to the north is Bohol Seamarker with the island-province of Camiguinmarker just off its northern shore.


Misamis Oriental used to be a part of Cebu. In 1818, it became a "Corregimento" made up of 4 "Partidos" or divisions; namely, Partido de Misamis, Partido de Dapitan, Partido de Cagayan and Partido de Catarman. During the latter part of the 19th century, Misamis was one of the 6 districts of Mindanao, and later, one of the seven districts in Mindanao and Sulu at the close of the Spanish era with Cagayan de Misamis, now Cagayan de Oro, as its capital. When it was still a part of the district of Cebu, there were 12 Spaniards and 9 Filipinos who successively served as "governadore" with Mayor Carabello as the first governor in 1874.

Legislative Act. No. 3537, approved in November 2, 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two provinces due to the lack of geographical contiguity: Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental. However, it was not until 10 years later that the division was implemented by an amendment, Act. No. 3777, adopted on November 28, 1939. When Misamis Oriental became a separate province, Don Gregorio Pelaez was its first Governor. Since then, there were 14 past governors who were elected and appointed by operation of law.

In 1942, the occupation by the Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental.

In 1945, combined United States and Philippine Commonwealth forces liberated in the province of Misamis Oriental with the recognized guerrilla fighters against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Second World War.

The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, Austronesian colonists fought the natives for the control of the rich Cagayan River coastal plains. The struggle for possession has finally won the native Visayans over the Bukidnonsmarker. In the 1500s most of the Mindanao area had fallen under the Muslim and the inhabitants were converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to the Muslim rule.


Located in Northern Mindanao, it is bordered by the Provinces of Bukidnonmarker to the south, Agusan del Nortemarker to the east and Lanao del Nortemarker to the west. On the north lies Camiguinmarker Island in the Bohol Seamarker.


The province is host to different types of industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing. It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all located in Tagoloanmarker. Del Monte Foods, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro Citymarker.

$2-b Shipyard

On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Co. of Koreamarker inked a contract to build a $2-billion shipbuilding complex at Misamis Oriental with the Phividec Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin’s $1-billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo Citymarker which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by Phividec).


Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 22 municipalities and 1 component city. Cagayan de Oromarker, the capital, is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province.



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