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The Mitsubishi Eclipse is a coupe that has been in production since 1989 for left hand drive markets. It was named after an eighteenth century Englishmarker racehorse which won 26 races, and has also been sold as the Eagle Talon and the Plymouth Laser captive imports through Mitsubishi Motors' close relationship with the Chrysler Corporation. Their partnership was known as Diamond-Star Motors, or DSM, and the vehicle trio through the close of the second-generation line were sometimes referred to by the DSM moniker among enthusiast circles.

As of 2009, the Eclipse is officially available in North America, Saudi Arabia, Kuwaitmarker, UAE, Chinamarker, South Korea, the Philippinesmarker, and Brazilmarker.

Models

The Eclipse has undergone four distinct generations: the first two generations (1G and 2G) are closely related and share many parts, whereas the third generation (3G) is based on a new platform and most parts are incompatible with 1G and 2G Eclipses. The fourth generation (4G) Eclipse was made available in May 2005.

Timeline

[[Image:Talon Eclipse Laser production.png|640px|]] ===1990–1994 (1G) Mitsubishi Eclipse, Eagle Talon, and Plymouth Laser=== {{Infobox Automobile generation |name = First generation |image = [[Image:90-91 Mitsubishi Eclipse.jpg|250px|1990-91 Mitsubishi Eclipse]] |production_start=1990 |production_end=1994 |aka = [[Plymouth Laser]]
[[Eagle Talon]] |body_style = 2-door [[coupe]] |platform = [[Chrysler D platform]] |layout = [[Front-engine design|Front-engine]], [[front-wheel drive]] / [[Four-wheel drive]] |engine = 1.8 L {{convert|92|hp|abbr=on}} [[straight-4|I4]]
2.0 L {{convert|135|hp|abbr=on}} [[straight-4|I4]]
2.0 L {{convert|195|hp|abbr=on}} [[straight-4|I4]] |wheelbase = 97.2 in (2470 mm) |length = 172.8 in (4390 mm) |width = 66.7 in (1695 mm) |height = 51.4 in (1305 mm)
GSX: 52 in (1320 mm) |curb weight = 2542  lb |fuel_capacity = {{Convert|15.9|usgal|L impgal|0|abbr=on}} |transmission = 5-speed [[manual transmission|manual]]
4-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]] |related = [[Mitsubishi Galant]] }} ====Overview==== [[Image:94 mitsu eclipse.jpg|thumb|left|1994 Mitsubishi Eclipse|200px]]The first generation Mitsubishi Eclipse was sold as an entry to mid-level four-cylinder sports coupe. Four trim levels were available: the bottom three were [[front wheel drive]] and the very top was [[all wheel drive]]. The top FWD and the AWD model were equipped with turbocharged engines. The car underwent minor changes throughout its production; 1992–1994 models (1Gb) have updated sheetmetal and are easily distinguishable from previous vehicles (1Ga). The most notable of these changes is that the 1Ga models have pop-up headlights. The Eclipse was revised into a new vehicle for 1995 (described below in the 2G section). ====Trim levels==== The Eclipse was available in four trim levels during its first-generation production run. AWD models were not available until halfway through the first model year. * '''Eclipse''': Base [[Front wheel drive|FWD]] model equipped with a 92 [[horsepower|hp]] [[naturally-aspirated engine]] 1.8 [[Liter|L]] 8-valve [[SOHC]] [[Mitsubishi Saturn engine#4G37|4G37]] [[engine]] * '''Eclipse GS''': Upgraded FWD model with slightly more equipment * '''Eclipse GS DOHC''': Upgraded FWD model equipped with a {{convert|135|hp|abbr=on}} naturally-aspirated 2.0 L [[multivalve|16-valve]] [[DOHC]] [[Mitsubishi Sirius engine#4G63T|4G63A]] non-turbocharged variant of the 4G63T engine** * '''Eclipse GS Turbo''': Top FWD model equipped with a 180-195 hp* [[turbocharger|turbocharged]] 2.0 L [[multivalve|16-valve]] DOHC [[Mitsubishi Sirius engine#4G63T|4G63T]] engine * '''Eclipse GSX''': [[All wheel drive|AWD]] model equipped with a 180-195 hp* turbocharged 2.0 L [[multivalve|16-valve]] DOHC [[Mitsubishi Sirius engine#4G63T|4G63T]] engine * ''1990 [[manual transmission]] turbocharged models were rated at 190 [[horsepower|hp]], whereas 1991 and later [[manual transmission]] turbo models were rated for {{convert|195|hp|abbr=on}}. The automatic models were rated at {{convert|180|hp|abbr=on}} due to smaller fuel-injectors and turbocharger.'' ** 1990-1994 DSMs did not come with the 420A engine, which was not added until the second generation.

These models varied significantly in drivetrains and available options, and included some variance in appearance, as higher trim lines added different front and rear fascia panels and surrounding trim, with the GSX model getting a notably different styling package than the others.

Drivetrain

The basic driveline layout of the Eclipse is a transverse-mounted 4-cylinder Mitsubishi 4G37 or 4G63 engine situated on the left-hand side of the car driving an automatic or manual transmission on the right-hand side. AWD models have a different transmission which includes a limited-slip center differential and output shaft for a transfer case, which drives the rear differential (also available as limited-slip) and half-shafts.

The 4G37 and 4G63 engines are both I4 gasoline engines. The 4G63 is composed of an iron engine block and aluminum cylinder head and is equipped with balance shafts for smooth operation. The turbocharged version of the 4G63 (sometimes referred to as the 4G63T) is equipped with a lower compression ratio (7.8 vs. 9.0 in the naturally aspirated version) and oil squirters under the pistons in order to better cope with the stress and extra heat caused by forced induction.

There is also a difference between rear axle/rear ends on all wheel drive models. 1990-early 1992 cars have 3 bolts attaching the axle to the wheel hub. Late 1992–1999 have larger diameter axles and attach to the hub with bigger, 4 bolt axle cups.

Awards

The Eclipse Turbo was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1989 through 1992.

1995–1999 (2G) Mitsubishi Eclipse

Overview

The second generation car maintained the market focus of the 1G car, but had a major update in styling and had different engines between trim levels. New to the line was a convertible model, the Spyder, introduced in 1996. The convertible was available in two trims: the GS and the GS-T. The first is powered by the non-turbo 4G64 engine, and the latter by the turbo 4G63 found in the GS-T (turbo) and GSX (all-wheel-drive) hardtop models. There was no convertible model powered by the Chrysler 420a.

The turbocharged engine option continued as the 4G63, but was modified for more power as compared to the previous generation (210 hp vs 195 hp). The non-turbo engine had 2 different engines depending on the market they were produced for. The US version engines were producing 140 hp, found only in the hardtop RS and GS trims, was a modified version of the Chrysler Neon engine, manufactured by Chrysler and delivered to and installed at the Diamond Star Motors facility. The Europe version engines were naturally aspirated 4G63 with 141 hp. A limited number of 2G units were delivered with a 2.4L naturally-aspirated engine provided by Mitsubishi.

The Talon was discontinued in 1998 along with the rest of the Eagle line because lack of sales over previous years, leaving only the Eclipse on sale for the 1999 model year.

Trim levels

The Eclipse was available in seven trim levels: Base[Only available in 1996.5 (mid-model year)], RS, GS, GS Spyder, GS-T, GS-T Spyder, and GSX.

Second generations (1995–99) cars:

  • Eclipse: Base FWD model equipped with a 140 hp 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Chrysler 420A engine
  • Eclipse RS: Equipment Upgraded FWD model equipped with a 140 hp 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Chrysler 420A engine
  • Eclipse GS: Equipment upgraded FWD model equipped with a 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Chrysler 420A engine
  • Eclipse GS Spyder: Convertible FWD model equipped with a 2.4L 16-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 4G64 engine
  • Eclipse GS-T: Hardtop FWD model equipped with a turbocharged 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Mitsubishi 4G63 engine
  • Eclipse GS-T Spyder: Convertible FWD model equipped with a turbocharged 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Mitsubishi 4G63 engine
  • Eclipse GSX: AWD model equipped with a turbocharged 2.0 L 16-valve DOHC Mitsubishi 4G63 engine


The models had different trim accoutrements:
  • Base - No tachometer, standard antenna, No rear defroster, no driving lights, 14" steel wheels with covers or center caps
  • RS - Tachometer, 14" alloy wheels, optional spoiler
  • GS - Power antenna, driving lights, cruise control, body coloured door handles, 16" alloy wheels, lower body cladding, spoiler, rear windshield washer
  • GS Spyder - Power antenna, driving lights, cruise control, body coloured door handles, 16" alloy 5 spoke wheels, lower body cladding, spoiler, double tipped stainless steel exhaust
  • GS-T - 16" Alloy 5 spoke wheels, Grey painted panel around lower body paneling (1995–96), larger spoiler (ONLY on 1997–99), double tipped stainless steel exhaust
  • GS-T Spyder - 16" Alloy 5 spoke wheels, double tipped stainless steel exhaust
  • GSX - 17" wheels after 1997, 1995–96 cars had 16" alloys, Grey painted panel around lower body paneling (1995–96), double tipped stainless steel exhaust, larger spoiler (ONLY on 1997–99),
A minor style revision was applied for the 1997 model year. The front grille opening was given a more aggressive profile. The headlights were given a sharper slant on the inner edges, and the previous all-chrome fixture interior changed to a black interior with chrome reflector inserts. The driving lights were revised from a reflector type to a smaller projection type. The rear bumper cap was altered and had the reverse lights restyled and moved out into the bumper fascia, away from their original central position by the license plate bracket.

A special version of the Eclipse, called the "GS Tenth Anniversary Edition", was sold at the end of the 1999 model run with unique 16-inch rims supplied to Mitsubishi by OZ Racing. It also included the leather interior package, accented exhaust exit, and hoop-style spoiler that were normally offered on some turbocharged models. The special edition package was only offered with the 420A engine.

A unique version of the 2G Eclipse sold in some European countries. It used a normally-aspirated Mitsubishi 4G63 motor, similar to what was available in the 1G, unique sideview mirrors, and unique amber rear turn signals.

The Talon was available in four trim levels: Base, ESi, TSi and TSi AWD. The Eagle Talon saw its production end in 1998 when Chrysler shut down the Eagle sub-brand, although the Dodge Avenger and Chrysler Sebring continued to be sold in variations that used the 420A engine and many of the 2G Eclipse/Talon interior components.
  • Talon Base: equivalent to Eclipse Base
  • Talon ESi: equivalent to Eclipse RS & GS
  • Talon TSi: equivalent to Eclipse GS-T
  • Talon TSi AWD: equivalent to Eclipse GSX


There were similar alterations to the styling of the Talon as there were for the Eclipse.

Drivetrain

The basic driveline layout of the Eclipse is a transverse-mounted 4-cylinder Chrysler 420A, Mitsubishi 4G64 or 4G63 engine. The Mitsubishi motors are mounted in the same orientation as for the 1G cars. The 420A-powered cars had the engine mounted on the right side of the car,and further back in the chassis. AWD models had a similar transmission to the 1G car. The 2G GSX also had a stronger carrier/differential when equipped with the limited slip option.

Motor

All motors are 4-cylinder gasoline engines. All have aluminum blocks with aluminum cylinder heads. The 4G63/4G64 engines retain the balance shafts for smoother operation, while the 420A does not use them. The 1995-1999 turbo engines were given an increased compression ratio of 8.5:1, up from 7.8:1, and a smaller turbo, a Garrett T25 in place of the previous Mitsubishi TD04-13G (automatic cars) and TD05-14B (manual cars). This was done to minimize turbo lag, which was an undesirable trait for mass-market appeal in the US.

The 4G63 engines found in 1990-1994 models have a 60 mm throttle body compared to the 1995-1999 MY's 52 mm. The intake ports on the head and runners of the intake manifold are also larger. They also have larger crankshaft bearing journals to allow better lubrication.

The first-generation 4G63 head with its larger intake ports appears to offer better performance potential than the second-generation head due to its increased flow capacity in stock form. However, the second-generation head can be ported to increase the size of its intake ports similar to that of the first-generation head. Furthermore, the smaller ports provide greater velocity which aids in cylinder filling, and thus, as is the case with any head porting, port size is a compromise between air flow and air velocity.

2000–2005 (3G) Mitsubishi Eclipse

Third generation (3G): The Eclipse underwent a change into its third generation in 1999, closely aping the Mitsubishi SST design study which debuted at the 1998 North American International Auto Show. It was the first concept vehicle exhibited by Mitsubishi at an auto show in the United States.

The 4G63 was replaced by two powertrain options, a 150 hp 2.4 L 16 valve SOHC 4-cylinder 4G64 and a 205 hp 24v SOHC 3.0 L V6 (6G72). AWD was no longer an option. The suspension setup was adjusted to provide a softer and more compliant ride quality.

No longer considered to be a DSM, it shared its platform and powertrain with the 8th generation Galant. Weight was also up slightly from the previous year's model. In late 2001 power was lowered to as a result of tightened emission standards forcing MMNA to adopt the Californiamarker standards for all variants of the car.

In mid-2002, the GTS trim was introduced for the 2003 model year. This vehicle included an engine with a 10:1 compression ratio and an improved Mitsubishi Variable Induction Management (MVIM) air intake system that gave the car an extra and a slightly improved power curve. The 2003-2005 GTS and GT/GTS Spyder shared the new engine while GT models retained the powertrain. From 2003-2005, the Eclipse Spyder V6 was sold in a left-hand drive version in Japan.

Trim levels

The Eclipse was available in 7 trim levels: RS, GS, GS Spyder, GT, GT Spyder, GTS, and GTS Spyder. All models were FWD. The GTS trims were introduced in 2003, and the RS trim was dropped in 2005.

Third Generations (3G)(2000–2005):

  • Eclipse RS & GS: Base model equipped with a 152 hp 2.4 L 16-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 4G64 engine


  • Eclipse GS Spyder: Convertible FWD model equipped with a 152 hp 2.4 L 16-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 4G64 engine


  • Eclipse GT: Hardtop FWD model equipped with a 200 hp (205 hp federal spec 2000-2001 only) 3.0 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G72 engine


  • Eclipse GT Spyder: convertible FWD model equipped with a 200 hp (205 hp federal spec 2000-2001 only) 3.0 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G72 engine


  • Eclipse GTS: Hardtop FWD model equipped with a 210 hp 3.0 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G72 engine with Mitsubishi Variable Induction Management (MVIM)


  • Eclipse GTS Spyder: convertible FWD model equipped with a 205 lbs of torque/ ft 210 hp 3.0 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G72 engine with MVIM


ECU trims for V6 models

  • Fed Spec: Fed Specs only affect 2000 and some 2001 models, Manufactured from August 1999 to late October 2000, these GTs came with and . The Fed Spec GT is most recognizable for having one catalytic converter (cat) and two O2 sensors, with one sensor before the cat and the other after.


  • Cali Spec: Cali Specs in 2000 were primarily shipped to Californiamarker because of the more stringent emission laws; although other areas of North America received them as well. The Eclipse GT line was switched over for cost reasons to the Cali Spec, so only one version of the GT would be manufactured. Cali Specs came with less and less. Cali Spec emissions control are three catalytic converters and four O2 sensors. After each exhaust header is a sensor followed by a pre-cat then the main cat after y-pipe then two more O2 Sensors.


2001 Mitsubishi Eclipse EV

The Mitsubishi Eclipse EV is a prototype electric vehicle with a lightweight electric motor and lithium-ion batteries in the chassis of a third generation Eclipse. It is powered by manganese lithium-ion batteries made by Japan Storage Battery Co., Ltd. which have 65-percent reduced charging time over nickel-hydrogen batteries.

It participated in the 2001 Shikoku EV Rally, a 780 km circuit around the perimeter of Shikokumarker, Japan, where it drove in excess of 400 km on a single battery charge.

2006–Current (4G) Mitsubishi Eclipse

Another substantial styling revision was introduced, with the new model taking some of the profile from the second generation model but maintaining a front fascia consistent with Mitsubishi's current corporate styling features. Drivetrain features of the new model include a 265 hp (193.9 kW) 3.8 L MIVEC V6 and a 163 hp (123 kW) 2.4 L MIVEC I4, both derived from the Mitsubishi PS platform family, with which the Eclipse shares many mechanical components. Like the 2004 Galant, the new Eclipse is FWD only, although a concept model has been produced by Mitsubishi and Ralliart with a MillenWorks designed hybrid-electric AWD platform, the 4G63 engine from the Lancer Evolution, and more aggressive body styling with imitation carbon fiber accents. The V6 produces and of torque.

The fourth-generation Spyder (convertible) Eclipse was released for the 2007 model year at the North American International Auto Show.

Trim levels

In the United States, its primary market, the Eclipse is available in four trim levels: GS, GS Spyder, GT, and GT Spyder. In Mexico, the GT Spyder is known as the Eclipse Convertible. In Canada, the GT trim is known as the GT-P.

4th gen (2006–present) cars:



  • Eclipse GS Spyder: Convertible FWD model equipped with a 2.4 L 16-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 4G69 engine


  • Eclipse GT: Hardtop FWD model equipped with a 263 hp 3.8 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G75 engine


  • Eclipse GT Spyder: Convertible FWD model equipped with a 260 hp 3.8 L 24-valve SOHC Mitsubishi 6G75 engine


The models and standard / optional equipment:

  • GS Standard- Choice of five-speed manual or Sportronic automatic transmission, a 140-watt (max.) Mitsubishi CD/MP3-compatible audio system with six speakers, 17-inch alloy wheels, an anti-theft immobilizer, auto-off halogen headlamps, power windows/locks/mirrors, air conditioning, a split fold-down rear seat, two 12-volt accessory outlets, anti-lock brakes, a rear spoiler, and a six airbag safety system.
Options Include- Sun & Sound package with a power sunroof is paired with a 650-watt (max.) Rockford Fosgate audio system. Boasting nine speakers including a trunk-mounted subwoofer, a 6-CD in-dash changer, and steering wheel-mounted audio controls, the package also includes a center display with outside temperature and compass readings and an electrochromic rear-view mirror. A four piece body kit comes as an optional "aero kit" package for all models.

  • GS Spyder - available for sale for the 2007 model year.
Options Include - GS Deluxe Leather Package: Leather front seating surfaces. Heated front seats. Heated side mirrors. Outside temperature indicator and compass in center dash display.

  • GT Standard- Choice of six-speed manual or a five-speed Sportronic automatic transmission, a 140-watt (max.) Mitsubishi CD/MP3-compatible audio system with six speakers, 17-inch alloy wheels, an anti-theft immobilizer, auto-off halogen headlamps, fog lamps, power windows/locks/mirrors, air-conditioning, a split fold-down rear seat, two 12-volt accessory outlets, 4-wheel anti-lock disc brakes, a rear spoiler, dual-stage six airbag safety system, traction control, a front strut tower bar, and a center display with outside temperature and compass readings.
Options Include- Premium Sport Package with seven-spoke alloy wheels, leather front seating surfaces, a power sunroof, an eight-way-adjustable (six power) driver's seat, alloy pedals, heated front seats, heated door mirrors, automatic dimming rear-view mirror, air-conditioning and a 650-watt (max.) Rockford Fosgate audio system with nine speakers, including a ten-inch (254 mm) trunk-mounted subwoofer, a 6-CD/MP3-compatible in-dash changer, steering wheel-mounted audio controls.

  • GT Spyder - available for sale for the 2007 model year.
Options Include - GT Premium Sport Package: 18" Alloy wheels. Leather front seating surfaces. 6-way power driver's seat. Heated front seats. Heated side mirrors. Aluminum pedals. Automatic climate control. Wind Deflector

2009 facelift

The Mitsubishi Eclipse was given a minor facelift for the 2009 model year, adding optional dual exhaust and projector H.I.D. headlamps. The V6 engine now rated at 265hp and 262lb-ft torque. It was unveiled at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show.

Notes

  1. Facts & Figures 2006, p.29, Mitsubishi Motors website
  2. All-New 2006 Mitsubishi Eclipse Sport Coupe to Go on Sale Ahead of Schedule
  3. Press Release
  4. http://www.millenworks.com/html/aboutus/news/MillenWorks_Ralliart.pdf
  5. Road Test: 2009 Mitsubishi Eclipse Spyder


References



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