( , lit. Sowing) is a kibbutz in northern Israel.
between Afula and Nazareth, it falls
under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley
In 2006 it had a population of 689.
The kibbutz was established on a tell
Ruba al-Natzra during Hanukkah
in 1923 by
the first immigrants of the Third
. The following year the founders were joined
by a group which had formed in Haifa, and in the
1930s they were joined by Galician Hashomer Hatzair members from Aliyah Bet.
During the British Mandate of Palestine
Mizra hosted the Palmach
it was discovered by the Mandate authorities in Operation Agatha
of 1946. The kibbutz also
has a museum portraying the history of the Yishuv
The name Mizra can be found on maps from the Middle Ages
, though its exact origin is unknown.
There is one theory that it is derived from nearby Nahal Mizra,
though some believe that is connected to Hovat Mizra, an ancient
farm in the area.
Mizra is known in Israel for its meat processing plant and its
store, Maadaney Mizra (Mizra delicatessen), which for many years
was Israel's only provider of non-kosher
meat, most notably pork
. For the Israeli
religious public, it was a symbol of impurity and a violation of
the state's Jewish character
During the aftermath of "the
" affair of 1990, an Agudat Yisrael
MK said of a Mizra member that
he "not only sold pig, he acted like one". The Aliyah
from the Commonwealth of Independent States in the 1990s
brought Mizra competitors, and it eventually sold 75 percent of the
plant to Tiv Ta'am
, an Israeli supermarket
chain that sells pork.
Maadaney Mizra was threatened as Russian-Israeli
billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak
announced his plan to purchase Tiv Ta'am and turn it kosher, saying
he would make Mizra supply chicken instead of pork.
the deal fell through a few months later, when Gaydamak discovered
a contract between Tiv Ta'am and Mizra, that prevented the chain
from changing Mizra's character.
Today, in addition to the meat processing plant, Mizra employs a
hydraulic machinery factory, and a factory for injecting metal
also has a hotel and a room letting branch, for students of the
nearby Max Stern Academic College of Emek
In addition, the kibbutz also operates a
center for alternative
, including Reiki