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Mobile Launcher Platform 1 or MLP-1, formerly Mobile Launcher 3 or ML-3 is one of three Mobile Launcher Platforms used at Kennedy Space Centermarker Launch Complex 39marker. Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches were conducted from MLP-1 between 1969 and 2009. It will be used for the Ares I-X launch, before it is retired.

Apollo/Saturn V

MLP-1 was originally constructed as a Mobile Launcher for the Saturn V rocket, and was designated ML-3, or LUT-3. It was built by Ingalls Iron Works. Construction began in 1964, and was completed with the installation of the Launch Umbilical Tower hammerhead crane on 1 March 1965. The swing arms, which were constructed by Hayes International were added at a later date.

Following completion, ML-3 was used for five manned Apollo launches; Apollo 10, Apollo 13, Apollo 15, Apollo 16 and Apollo 17.

Space Shuttle

Following the launch of Apollo 17, ML-3 was the first of the Mobile Launchers to be converted for use by the Space Shuttle. The Launch Umbilical Tower was dismantled and placed into storage, and the base of the launch platform was modified to accommodate the locations of engines on the Shuttle. The platform was redesignated MLP-1.

In total, MLP-1 was used for fifty two Shuttle launches, between 1981 and 2009. It was used for the first Space Shuttle launch, STS-1, in April 1981. Following the launch of STS-119 in March 2009, it was transferred to Project Constellation. It will be used for the Ares I-X test flight before it is retired.


Launch history

Date/Time (GMT) Rocket Mission Remarks
18 May 1969, 16:49 Saturn V SA-505 Apollo 10 Manned flight to selenocentric orbit
11 April 1970, 19:13 Saturn V SA-508 Apollo 13 Manned Lunar landing, converted to circumlunar flight after oxygen tank exploded
26 July 1971, 13:34 Saturn V SA-510 Apollo 15 Manned Lunar landing
16 April 1972, 17:54 Saturn V SA-511 Apollo 16 Manned Lunar landing
7 December 1972, 05:33 Saturn V SA-512 Apollo 17 Manned lunar landing, final Apollo Lunar mission
12 April 1981, 12:00 STS-1 Maiden flight of Space Shuttle, test flight
12 November 1981, 15:10 STS-2 Test flight
22 March 1982, 16:00 STS-3 Test flight
27 June 1982, 15:00 STS-4 Test flight
11 November 1982, 12:19 STS-5 Deployed SBS-3 and Anik C3
18 June 1983, 11:33 STS-7 Deployed Anik C2 and Palapa B1
28 November 1983, 16:00 STS-9 Spacelab mission
STS-41C Deployed LDEF, repaired SolarMax
STS-41G Deployed ERBS
STS-51C Deploayed USA-8
STS-51D Deployed Anik C1 and Syncom IV-1
STS-51G Deployed Arabsat 1B, Morelos I and Telstar 3D
STS-51I
STS-61A
STS-61C
STS-27
STS-30
STS-34
STS-36
STS-38
STS-37
STS-43
STS-44
STS-45
STS-46
STS-53
STS-56
STS-58
STS-62
STS-68
STS-67
STS-69
STS-72
STS-77
STS-79
STS-82
STS-94
STS-87
STS-91
STS-93 Deployed Chandra
STS-101 ISS resupply
STS-97
STS-100 ISS assembly, delivered Canadarm2
STS-108 ISS resupply
STS-111 ISS resupply and crew exchange
STS-107 Spacehab mission, disintegrated during reentry
STS-114 ISS logistics with MPLM
STS-121 ISS logistics with MPLM
STS-116 ISS assembly, delivered truss segment
STS-118 ISS assembly, delivered truss segment
STS-122 ISS assembly, delivered Columbus
15 March 2009, 23:43 STS-119 ISS assembly, delivered truss segment
Future launches
30 August 2009 Ares I-X Final launch from MLP-1


References






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