Mohali ( , , ) is a city
adjacent to Chandigarh, 18th District in Punjab, India.
is officially named after the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh
, Sahibzada Ajit Singh
, or "House of Sahibzada Ajit Singh"). It along with
Chandigarh and Panchkula form a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. It was earlier a part
of the Rupnagar District,
and was carved out into a separate district in the recent
Mohali was conceived after the trifurcation of Punjab and its
capital Chandigarh becoming a Union
in late 1966. Today, Mohali and Chandigarh are
contiguous areas with only the boundary of Punjab and UT of
Chandigarh dividing this area. The original plan of Mohali is in
fact a mere extension of the road and design system of Chandigarh
without any unique planning. The development earlier was only till
Phase VII. The development of sectors and phases from Phase 8
onwards started in late 1980s, and the city got its own bus stand
in Phase 8 in mid 1990s. In 2006, Mohali's population is near
200,000, approximately 1/5 of Chandigarh's. The region has been
targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing IT
companies, who look to capitalize
on the rich investment opportunities the city offers.
Panchkula (adjoining Chandigarh to its East and in Haryana) are two
satellite cities of Chandigarh.
The trio of these three
cities is collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity
Mohali is located to the West of Chandigarh. It is almost a
continuation of Chandigarh. To its north is Rupnagar district.
south are Fatehgarh
Sahib and Patiala.
to fast urban growth, Mohali has almost merged into the Chandigarh
Chandigarh, Panchkula, Zirakpur, Pinjore, Kharar, Mohali, Kurali, Ropar, and
Morinda are nearby locations
Mohali has a sub-tropical
characterized by a seasonal rhythm: hot summers, slightly cold
winters, unreliable rainfall
variation in temperature
(-1 °C to 44
°C). In winter, frost
sometimes occurs during
December and January. The average annual rainfall is recorded at
617 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from
: The temperature in summer may rise to a
maximum of 44°C. Temperatures generally remain between 35°C and
: In autumn, the temperature may rise
to a maximum of 36°C. Temperatures usually remain between 16° and
27° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around
: Average temperatures in winter
(November to February) remain at (max) 7°C to 15 °C and (min) -2°C
: spring temperatures vary between
(max) 16°C and 25°C and (min) 9°C and 18°C.
As of 2001 India census
, Mohali had a
population of 123,284. Males constitute 53% of the population and
females 47%. Mohali has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher
than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and
female literacy is 81%. In Mohali, 10% of the population is under 6
years of age.
is the main spoken language
in Mohali. Hindi
are also prevalent.
Image:Home1.jpg|A typical North Indian house; (shown here) A house
in Sector-68, MohaliFollowing the success of Chandigarh's sector
design, Mohali was similarly planned into identical 800 X 1200 m
sectors. Many have yet to be fully developed, as is the case of
, which is earmarked for a future
commercial City Centre. Its proximity to the PCA Stadium, as well as unrivaled transportation links
to Chandigarh make it a suitable choice.
The recent Master Plan of
has been recently extended up to 114 sectors.
the Punjab Cricket Association (PCA) unveiled a plan to build a state of the art
facility complete with a separate practise ground - to be built in
a swampy area in Mohali .
PCA Stadium under lights
invested heavily in the ground, a swimming
, health club
, and bar
and outdoor & indoor
cricket practice nets
were incorporated into the plans.
Most of the Punjab-based national cricketers train in Mohali,
including Yuvraj Singh
, Harbhajan Singh
, Dinesh Mongia
, and Punjab cricket team
While Mohali houses many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited
), ICI Paints
, and the Godrej Group
, its reputation as a home for
large, multinational corporations is growing.
, the well-known Indian IT
services major, had a development
center in Mohali, which has now moved to Chandigarh Technology Park
Global tech giants like Dell
, Sebiz Infotech
, SCL (Semiconductor Complex
Limited), and PUNCOM
Quark has created the $500M, QuarkCity in Mohali, complete with a residential
complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the shopping, entertainment,
medical, and educational district consume another 10%.
expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect
QuarkCity is a , multi-use development that includes a Special Economic Zone
is located in the district of Mohali, Punjab, within the extended
grid of Le Corbusier’s modern city of
Chandigarh, 265 km (166 miles) north of
India’s capital city of New Delhi.
Places of Interest
Places of Tourist interest in this region include the following:-