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Mohali ( , , ) is a city adjacent to Chandigarhmarker, 18th District in Punjabmarker, Indiamarker. It is officially named after the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh, Sahibzada Ajit Singh (SAS Nagar, or "House of Sahibzada Ajit Singh"). It along with Chandigarh and Panchkulamarker form a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. It was earlier a part of the Rupnagarmarker District, and was carved out into a separate district in the recent years.

Background

Mohali was conceived after the trifurcation of Punjab and its capital Chandigarh becoming a Union Territory in late 1966. Today, Mohali and Chandigarh are contiguous areas with only the boundary of Punjab and UT of Chandigarh dividing this area. The original plan of Mohali is in fact a mere extension of the road and design system of Chandigarh without any unique planning. The development earlier was only till Phase VII. The development of sectors and phases from Phase 8 onwards started in late 1980s, and the city got its own bus stand in Phase 8 in mid 1990s. In 2006, Mohali's population is near 200,000, approximately 1/5 of Chandigarh's. The region has been targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing IT companies, who look to capitalize on the rich investment opportunities the city offers.

Mohali and Panchkulamarker (adjoining Chandigarh to its East and in Haryanamarker) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. The trio of these three cities is collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.

Location

Mohali is located to the West of Chandigarh. It is almost a continuation of Chandigarh. To its north is Rupnagar district. To its south are Fatehgarh Sahibmarker and Patialamarker. Due to fast urban growth, Mohali has almost merged into the Chandigarh city.

Chandigarhmarker, Panchkulamarker, Zirakpurmarker, Pinjoremarker, Kharar, Mohalimarker, Kuralimarker, Roparmarker, and Morindamarker are nearby locations

Climate

Mohali has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 44 °C). In winter, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The average annual rainfall is recorded at 617 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.

Average temperature

Summer: The temperature in summer may rise to a maximum of 44°C. Temperatures generally remain between 35°C and 42°C.Autumn: In autumn, the temperature may rise to a maximum of 36°C. Temperatures usually remain between 16° and 27° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 13°C.Winter: Average temperatures in winter (November to February) remain at (max) 7°C to 15 °C and (min) -2°C to 5°C.Spring: spring temperatures vary between (max) 16°C and 25°C and (min) 9°C and 18°C.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Mohali had a population of 123,284. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mohali has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 81%. In Mohali, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Languages

Punjabi is the main spoken language in Mohali. Hindi and English are also prevalent.

City Design

Image:Home1.jpg|A typical North Indian house; (shown here) A house in Sector-68, MohaliFollowing the success of Chandigarh's sector design, Mohali was similarly planned into identical 800 X 1200 m sectors. Many have yet to be fully developed, as is the case of sector 62, which is earmarked for a future commercial City Centre. Its proximity to the PCAmarker Stadium, as well as unrivaled transportation links to Chandigarh make it a suitable choice.

The recent Master Plan of Mohali has been recently extended up to 114 sectors.



Cricket Stadium

PCA Stadium under lights
In 1992, the Punjab Cricket Association (PCAmarker) unveiled a plan to build a state of the art facility complete with a separate practise ground - to be built in a swampy area in Mohali . The PCA invested heavily in the ground, a swimming pool, health club, tennis court, library, restaurant, and bar and outdoor & indoor cricket practice nets were incorporated into the plans.

Most of the Punjab-based national cricketers train in Mohali, including Yuvraj Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Dinesh Mongia, and Punjab cricket team.

Corporate Investment

While Mohali houses many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited), ICI Paints, and the Godrej Group, its reputation as a home for large, multinational corporations is growing.

Quark, Mohali
Infosys, the well-known Indian IT services major, had a development center in Mohali, which has now moved to Chandigarh Technology Park. Global tech giants like Dell, Quark, Philips, Sebiz Infotech, SCL (Semiconductor Complex Limited), and PUNCOM have followed. Denvermarker-based Quark has created the $500M, QuarkCity in Mohali, complete with a residential complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the shopping, entertainment, medical, and educational district consume another 10%. It is expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect jobs.

QuarkCity is a , multi-use development that includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ). QuarkCity is located in the district of Mohali, Punjab, within the extended grid of Le Corbusier’s modern city of Chandigarh, 265 km (166 miles) north of India’s capital city of New Delhimarker.

District Administration



Places of Interest

Places of Tourist interest in this region include the following:-

Historical Places



Education



References

External links




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