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Mojave National Preserve: Map

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Hole-in-the-Wall canyon


The Mojave National Preserve is located in the Mojave Desert in Southern California, USAmarker. It lies between Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The preserve was established October 31, 1994 with the passage of the California Desert Protection Act by the US Congress. Previously, it was the East Mojave National Scenic Area, under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management.

Natural features include the Kelso Dunesmarker, the Marl Mountains and the Cima Domemarker, as well as volcanic formations such as Hole-in-the-Wall and the Cinder Cone Lava Beds. The preserve encloses Providence Mountains State Recreation Areamarker and Mitchell Caverns Natural Preservemarker, which are both managed by the California Department of Parks and Recreation.

Impressive Joshua Tree forests cover parts of the preserve. The Cima Dome and Shadow Valley forests are the largest in the world. The defunct railroad depot and ghost town of Kelsomarker is also found there. The preserve is commonly traversed by 4 wheel drive vehicles traveling on the historic Mojave Road.

Joshua Tree in the Mojave National Preserve
The climate varies greatly. Summer temperatures average , with highs exceeding . Elevations in the Preserve range from at Clark Mountainmarker to near Baker. Annual precipitation varies from near Baker, to almost in the mountains. At least 25% of precipitation comes from summer thunderstorms. Snow is often found in the mountains during the winter.

Mojave Wilderness

The California Desert Protection Act (CDPA) of 1994 designated a wilderness area within Mojave National Preserve of approximately . The National Park Service manages the wilderness in accordance with the Wilderness Act, the CDPA, and other laws that protect cultural and historic sites in the wilderness.

Cross

On May 14, 2008, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied a Justice Department petition to rehear en banc its September 2007 decision striking down a congressionally mandated land exchange to save an metal cross that is bolted onto rocks on a rise in the Preserve. The court found the land exchange to be a transparent "attempt by the government to evade the permanent injunction enjoining the display of the Latin cross" on federal land.

Locations within the Preserve



References

  1. CDPA-1994.pdf


Sources and external links




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