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Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT) is the 4.6 mile-long (7.4 km) Hampton Roadsmarker crossing for Interstate 664. It is a four-lane bridge-tunnel composed of bridges, trestles, man-made islands, and tunnels under a portion of the Hampton Roads harbor where the James, Nansemond, and Elizabeth River come together in the southeastern portion of Virginiamarker in the United Statesmarker.

It connects the independent cities of Newport Newsmarker on the Virginia Peninsulamarker and Suffolkmarker in South Hampton Roads and is part of the Hampton Roads Beltway, a circumferential interstate highway which links each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roadsmarker.

The MMMBT, completed in 1992, provided a third major vehicle crossing of the Hampton Roads harbor area, supplementing the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnelmarker which carries Interstate 64 between the independent cities of Hamptonmarker and Norfolkmarker, and the James River Bridgemarker connecting the independent city of Newport Newsmarker and Isle of Wight County in the South Hampton Roads region. All three facilities are toll-free.

The MMMBT cost $400 million to build, and it includes a four-lane tunnel that is 4,800 feet (1,463 m) long, two man-made portal islands, and 3.2 miles (5.1 km) of twin trestle.

Battle of Hampton Roads

The MMMBT is named for the two ironclad warships which engaged in the famous Battle of Hampton Roads on March 8–9, 1862, during the US Civil War. The battle took place between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia. The latter ship had been rebuilt from the wreck of the USS Merrimack. The site of the battle was within 1 mile (1.6 km) of the bridge-tunnel structure named by the Commonwealth of Virginia as a memorial.

See also



References

  • Rand McNally "The Road Atlas", 2005.


External links




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