Monmouthshire ( ) is a
county in south east
Wales. The name derives from the historic county of
Monmouthshire which covered a larger area.
The historic county of Monmouthshire was formed from the Welsh Marches
by the Laws in Wales Act 1535
bordered Gloucestershire to the east, Herefordshire to the northeast, Brecknockshire to the north, and Glamorgan to the west. Between the 16th and 20th centuries there
was some ambiguity as to whether the county was part of Wales or
England, but since 1974 the area has been
placed definitively in Wales.
eastern and southern boundaries of the historic county and the
current principal area are the same, along the River Wye and Severn
estuary; however, the western two-fifths of the historic county
are now administered by the other unitary authorities of Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen,
Caerphilly and Newport.
Monmouthshire, and associated Lieutenancy
in 1974 under the Local
Government Act 1972
. The area largely became part of the new
local government and ceremonial county of Gwent
authority was created on April 1,
1996 as a successor to the district of Monmouth along with the Llanelly community from Blaenau
Gwent, both of which were district of Gwent.The use of the name "Monmouthshire" rather
than "Monmouth" for the area was mildly controversial, being
supported by the MP for Monmouth, Roger Evans,
but being opposed by Paul
Murphy, MP for Torfaen (inside the historic county of Monmouthshire but
being reconstituted as a separate unitary authority).
By area it covers some 60% of the historic county, but only 20% of the population.
council's administrative headquarters are at the former Gwent
County Hall at Croesyceiliog, Cwmbran — outside of
its own jurisdiction in the neighbouring borough of Torfaen.
It is the only principal area in
Wales administered from outside its boundaries. In comparison to
the pre-1974 areas it covers:
Places of interest
- See List of
places in Monmouthshire for a list of settlements in the
- Hansard, House of Commons, March 15, 1994, Column