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Mono are a Japanese instrumental rock band formed in 1999 in Tokyomarker, Kantō, Honshūmarker. The band consists of Takaakira Goto (electric guitar), Yoda (electric guitar), Tamaki Kunishi (bass guitar, guitar, piano, glockenspiel), and Yasunori Takada (drum kit, glockenspiel, synthesiser).

Mono have released five studio albums in their ten years of activity. They spent their early years, from 1999 to 2003, touring Asia, Europe, and America relentlessly, and released two studio albums, Under the Pipal Tree (2001) and One Step More and You Die (2002) on on Tzadik and Music Mine Inc. respectively. From 2004 to 2007, Mono signed to Temporary Residence Limited, released two more studio albums, Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined (2004) and You Are There (2006), and toured worldwide in their support. In 2008, the band took a break, and later returned the following year with a new studio album, Hymn to the Immortal Wind (2009).

The band's style of instrumental rock music is influenced by the genres of experimental rock and shoegazing, as well as by both the classical and contemporary classical periods of classical music, and also by noise and minimalism. Mono's sound is characterised by the lead and rhythm guitars of Goto and Yoda respectively, both of whom make use of reverb, distortion and delay. The band's live performances are noted for their intensity, both in their playing and in their dynamics.

History

Formation and early years: 1999–2000

In January 1999, Japanese Tokyo-native electric guitarist Takaakira Goto began composing music and spent the rest of the year searching for other musicians with which to form an instrumental band; eventually recruiting long-time friend and electric guitarist Yoda on rhythm guitar. By December 1999, Tamaki Kunishi and Yasunori Takada had joined Mono on bass guitar and drum kit, respectively. The band spent the next year composing more music and performing live around Japan, also playing a one-off show at the Mercury Loungemarker in New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker. In May of 2000, the band entered Rinky Dink Studios in Tokyo and recorded their first extended play, which was later self-released in September of 2000; a Japan-only release titled Hey, You on their independent label, Forty-4.

Under the Pipal Tree: 2001

Following the release of the Hey, You extended play, Mono spent the next year playing live shows throughout their native Japan, as well as playing several shows in New Yorkmarker and Swedenmarker. The band also made an appearance at the 2001 South by Southwest music festival in Austin, Texasmarker. Between performing in Japan, Mono recorded their first studio album, Under the Pipal Tree at Studio Take-1 and Forty-4 in Tokyo, funded by John Zorn, and self-produced by the band. The album featured two tracks from the Hey, You extended play, as well as six original compositions. The album was released worldwide on New York Citymarker record label Tzadik.

One Step More and You Die: 2002–2003

After the release of Under the Pipal Tree, the band spent the next year touring Japan and the United States, also visiting Germany and Taiwan, and composing material inspired by the tour. In June 2002, between shows in Japan, the band recorded their second studio album, One Step More and You Die at Little Bach and Sound City studios in Tokyo. The album was released in Japan in October of that year on Japanese record label Music Mine Inc. The band spent most of 2003 touring, returning to Japan, the United States, Sweden, and visiting Canada, Switzerland, Belgium, Hungary, the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom for the first time.

Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined: 2004

Mono's next release was a collaboration with Japanese musician Aki Onda; whom the band met while touring New York in 2002. The band, Onda, and several notable members of the New York experimental music scene (including DJ Olive, Jackie-O Motherfucker, and Loren Connors) remixed One Step More and You Die. The album, titled New York Soundtracks, was released in February 2004 on Human Highway, Mono's own record label.

In January of 2004, the band began a long partnership with Chicagoan recording engineer Steve Albini, recording their third studio album at Electrical Audio Engineering in Chicago, Illinoismarker. The album, titled Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined was released in April 2004 on Human Highway in Japan, and on Rykodisk in Europe and Temporary Residence Limited in the United States later in the year. After the album's release, the band embarked upon a year-long tour of America, Asia, and Europe.

You Are There: 2005–2007

The band also spent 2005 touring Asia, America, and Europe composing music, and eventually returning to Electrical Audio Engineering in February and September to record their fourth studio album with Steve Albini. The album, titled You Are There was released in Japan in March 2006 on Human Highway, and on Temporary Residence Limited in the United States and Europe. Mono also collaborated with Japanese musician World's End Girlfriend in 2005, releasing a collaboration studio album in December of that year, on Human Highway, and with American band Pelican, releasing a split album with the band through Temporary Residence Limited in October 2005.

Mono spent 2006 and 2007 touring Asia, America and Europe in support of You Are There. In October of 2006, the band returned to Electrical Audio Engineering and recorded an extended play, which was released in April 2007 as part of Temporary Residence Limited's Travels in Constants series, titled The Phoenix Tree. In November of 2006, the band released an extended play titled Memorie dal Futuro through Vinyl Films, and contributed a track to a Temporary Residence Limited compilation album, Thankful. In September 2007, the band released a compilation album, compiling material from all previous extended plays, split albums, and compilations, titled Gone: A Collection of EPs 2000–2007, as well as the DVD, The Sky Remains the Same as Ever", documenting the worldwide tours of 2006 and 2007 and the recording of You Are There".

Hymn to the Immortal Wind: 2008–present

In 2008, the band took a break, composing new music and playing a handful of shows throughout the year, including an appearance at All Tomorrow's Parties in Somerset, England, curated by Explosions in the Sky in May. Mono returned to Electrical Audio Engineering in June and November 2008 to record their fifth studio album, Hymn to the Immortal Wind, which was released in March 2009, and followed by a tour of America and Eurasia.

Musical style

Although Mono's musical style has developed throughout their career, it has primarily been characterised by dynamic, guitar-based instrumental soundscapes, the majority of which are composed by lead guitarist Takaakira Goto, in an attempt to express the emotions of joy and sorrow. The band's music originally featured elements of minimalism and noise, but later developed and integrated more complex, orchestral arrangements and instrumentation.http://www.self-titledmag.com/home/2009/03/26/disco-mono-shares-the-back-stories-behind-their-massive-catalogue-including-that-one-10-they-did-for-cameron-crowe/ Mono's music has sometimes been categorised as "post-rock", although the band has expressed discomfort with the term, identifying more with contemporary classical music.

Mono are primarily a live band, and have toured worldwide several times. Their live show tends to feature intense and emotional playing by the band members, as well as using extreme dynamics (crescendos as well as diminuendos) in their attempt to create an "unforgettable" live performance. When recording their music, the band has always played live in the studio and, since 2004's Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined, worked with Chicagoan recording engineer Steve Albini, who they feel accurately captures a live band's "raw emotion to [magnetic] tape."

Influences

Mono have drawn influence from various different musical and non-musical sources throughout their career. When the band first formed, their main influences were American experimental rock band Sonic Youth and Irish shoegaze band My Bloody Valentine when making Under the Pipal Tree and One Step More and You Die. As the band broadened their musical tastes, starting with the album, Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined, they began to be influenced by music by German classical composer Ludwig van Beethoven, Italian film score composer Ennio Morricone, and later Polish minimalist composer Henryk Górecki, among others. Lead guitarist Takaakira Goto has also acknowledged Danish film director Lars von Trier (in particular the 1996 film, Breaking the Waves) as a major influence since the band's formation, in terms of expressing the different depths and heights of emotion.

Instrumentation

In terms of instrumentation, Mono are a four-piece instrumental rock band. Goto, the group's frontman, is the lead guitarist and uses a Fender Jazzmaster through Boss, Danelectro, SiB, and Morley effects pedals, into a Fender Twin Reverb, a Marshall JCM 2000 head, and a Marshall cabinet for amplification. Yoda, the rhythm guitarist, uses a Fender Stratocaster through Boss, Tech 21, Pro Co and Electro-Harmonix effects pedals, into a Fender Twin Reverb, a Fender Twin, and sometimes a Fender Hot Rod DeVille for amplification. Kunishi, the group's bass guitarist, pianist and occasional guitarist uses a Gibson EB-3 through Boss and Tech 21 effects pedals, into an Ampeg SVT head and an Ampeg SVT cabinet, as well as a Fender Rhodes, and a Fender Jazzmaster. Takada, the drummer, uses a four-piece Ludwig drum kit, and Paiste cymbals, as well as a Korg microKORG.

As the band's career has progressed, they have incorporated string sections on record, beginning with Under the Pipal Tree, which featured use of cello, continuing with One Step More and You Die and Walking Cloud and Deep Red Sky, Flag Fluttered and the Sun Shined which both featured string quartets, and You Are There, which featured a string quintet. On Hymn to the Immortal Wind, the band made use of a 28-piece chamber orchestra.

Band members



Discography

Studio albums



Compilation albums



References

External links




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