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A monolith is a geological feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock, or a single piece of rock placed as, or within, a monument. Erosion usually exposes the geological formations, which are most often made of very hard and solid metamorphic or igneous rock.

The word derives from the Latin word monolithus from the Greek word μονόλιθος (monolithos), derived from μόνος ("one" or "single") and λίθος ("stone").



Geological monoliths

Several monoliths are claimed to be the largest on Earth, including:



These claims are rarely backed up by geological information and may be based upon a single dimension such as height or circumference. Height may be measured above sea level or the surrounding ground.

Other large, well-known monoliths include:

Africa



Antarctica



Asia



Australia



Europe



North America

United States



Canada and Mexico



South America



Many of these have legends attached.

Monumental monoliths

A structure which has been excavated as a unit from a surrounding matrix or outcropping of rock.

See also



Notes



External links

    • Regarding Uluru/Ayers Rock and earlier representations of it as the largest monolith -
  • http://www.ga.gov.au/education/facts/landforms/uluru.htm
  • http://www.abc.net.au/science/k2/moments/s1469595.htm
  • http://www.wayoutback.com.au/uluru-geology.php



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