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Pre-term parliamentary elections in Montenegromarker were scheduled by President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović on 27 January 2009 by the Decree of Scheduling Elections for the Assembly of Montenegro, in accordance with Article 92 point 5 of the Montenegrin Constitution:

..and Article 95:

As well as Article 13 point 1 of the Law on the Election of MPs:

..and Article 15 of the same law, point 1st:

The elections were scheduled, in accordance to the law, after the Parliament of Montenegro decided on 26 January 2009 to shorten its term in accordance to the Proposition of the Government of Montenegro, although not without a huge dose of controversy. The Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution in 2007 stipulated that the elections had to be held by the end of 2009:

The application of electoral lists lasted from 16 February to 4 March 2009, and the election silence began on 27 March 2009. The elections for the unicameral Assembly of Montenegro was held on 29 March 2009, the same time as the local elections in Nikšićmarker and Budvamarker and the elections for Municipal Presidents of Herceg Novimarker and Tivatmarker. These were the eighth parliamentary elections since the (re)introduction of multi-party system in 1990, and the second since regaining full independence in 2006.

According to the Ministry for Informational Society, there is a total of 494,289 eligible voters in Montenegro, although it has to be noted that there is a lack of definition of who precisely has the right to vote. The number of MPs being elected on the election was uncertain, because the matter was never solved before scheduling the election. According to calculation (one MP on every six thousand eligible voters), the number of MPs should be 82, while the country's supreme legal act – the Constitution – stipulates 81 (present outgoing session), and the latter was the number of MPs actually elected in March 2009.

The pre-electoral process have been marked by several major incidents, among them the revocation of citizenship of the President of the People's Party Predrag Popović and the violation of the human right to work during the formation of the Coalition Treaty of Prime Minister Milo Đukanović's ruling coalition, according to which party affiliation will be a criterion for employment, all together followed by repeated protests of discontent workers pushed into poverty. All National Councils of the minority communities in Montenegro, who form together the majority of the country's population, have unanimously declared the forthcoming parliamentary elections illegal and contradictory to the Constitutionally-guaranteed rights to ethnic communities in Montenegro. On the national media, only the ruling coalition will be politically presented to the viewers, because of the others' debt.

Electoral system

Montenegro has a single national voting district, meaning that all votes cast at individual voting stations across the country are summed up together into one result. The electoral threshold is 3%, meaning that electoral lists (whether individual political parties, coalitions or civic groups) that received under three percent of the total votes cast, are crossed out, and the MPs within the assembly are split amongst the remaining lists. The seats are distributed by D'Hondt's method, which slightly favors leading lists in the election above the smaller ones. Elections in Montenegro are free, with the secret ballot guaranteed. The Parliament's mandate lasts four years.

Electoral Lists



Albanian minority parties


Results

The Coalition for a European Montenegro won an absolute majority of seats the Parliament of Montenegro on a turnout of 66 per cent. Milo Đukanović secured a sixth term as the Prime Minister.

References



Further reading



External links




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