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Monterrey ( ) (also known as "Sultana del Norte" (Sultan of the North), is the capital city of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo Leónmarker It has the third largest metropolitan area in Mexico, after Mexico Citymarker and Guadalajaramarker. In 2005, the city population was estimated to be 1,133,814, and its metropolitan area had a population of 3.8 million. The demonym of Monterrey is Regiomontano(a).

Monterrey is located in northeast Mexicomarker, at the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental. The recorded history of Monterrey starts in 1596, with the foundation by Diego de Montemayor. In the years after the Mexican Independence War, Monterrey became an important business center. With the establishment of Fundidora Monterrey, the city experienced industrial growth. Monterrey is an important industrial and business center, serving as operation host for an array of Mexicanmarker companies, including CEMEXmarker, Vitro and Cervecer√≠a Cuauht√©moc Moctezuma and also for international companies such as Carrier, Daewoo, General Electric, LG and Teleperformance, among others.Monterrey is known for its hot weather in summer reaching 40 ¬įC (104 ¬įF) or more for three consecutive months, being one of the hottest major cities in Mexicomarker.

History

See also articles in the category History of Monterrey




Prehispanic history

Prior to the European foundation of the city, there was no established population, instead consisting of indigenous semi-nomad groups that are collectively called Chichimecas. Carved stone and cave painting in surrounding mountains and caves have allowed historians to identify four major groups of Chichimecas in present-day Monterrey: Azalapas, Huachichiles, Coahuiltecos and Borrados.

Foundation

In the 16th century, the valley in which Monterrey is located was known as the Extremadura Valley, an area largely unexplored by the Spanish colonizers. The first expeditions and colonization attempts were led by Alberto del Canto, naming the city "Santa Lucia", but were unsuccessful because the population was attacked by the natives and fled. The Spanish expeditionary Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva negotiated with King Philip II of Spain to establish a territory in northern New Spain, which would be called Nuevo Le√≥nmarker, the "New Kingdom of Le√≥n". In 1580 he arrived in the newly granted lands but it was not until 1582 that he established a settlement called San Luis Rey de Francia within present-day Monterrey. The New Kingdom of Le√≥n extended westwards from the port of Tampicomarker to the limits of Nueva Vizcaya ("New Vizcaya", now State of Chihuahuamarker), and around 1,000 kilometers northwards.) For eight years Nuevo Le√≥n was abandoned and uninhabited, until a third expedition of thirteen families led by Diego de Montemayor founded Ciudad Metropolitana de Nuestra Se√Īora de Monterrey ("Metropolitan City of Our Lady of Monterrey") on 20 September 1596, next to a water spring called Ojos de Agua de Santa Lucia, where the Museum of Mexican History and Santa Luc√≠a Riverwalkmarker are now located.



During the years of Spanish rule, Monterrey remained a small city, and its population varied from a few hundred to only dozens. The city was a place that facilitated trade between San Antoniomarker (now in Texasmarker), Tampicomarker and from Saltillomarker to the center of the country. Tampico's port brought many products from Europe, while Saltillo concentrated the Northern Territories' trade with the capital, Mexico Citymarker. San Antonio was the key trade point with the northern foreign colonies (British and French).

After Mexican Independence (19th century)

In the 19th century, after the Mexican Independence War, Monterrey rose as a key economic center for the newly formed nation, especially due to its balanced ties between Europe (with its connections to Tampico), the United Statesmarker (with its connections to San Antonio), and the capital (through Saltillo). In 1824, the "New Kingdom of León" became the State of Nuevo Leónmarker, and Monterrey was selected as its capital. However, the political instability that followed the first 50 years of the new country allowed two American invasions and an internal secession war, during which the Governor of the State annexed the Coahuilamarker and Tamaulipasmarker states, designating Monterrey as the capital of the enlarged state.

In 1846, the earliest large-scale engagement of the Mexican-American War took place in the city, known as the Battle of Monterrey. Mexican forces were forced to surrender but only after successfully repelling US forces during the first few advances on the city. The battle inflicted high casualties on both sides, much of them resulting from hand-to-hand combat within the walls of the city center.

Most of the generals in the Mexican War against France were natives of the city, including Mariano Escobedo, Juan Zuazua and Jer√≥nimo Trevi√Īo.

Contemporary history

During the last decade of the 19th century, the city of Monterrey was linked by railroad, which benefitted industry. It was during this period that José Eleuterio González founded the Hospital Civil which is now one of the best public hospitals in the northeast of Mexico, and serves as medical school support to the School of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León marker. Vicente Ferrara founded the Fundidora de Fierro y Acero de Monterrey, Parque Fundidora a steel-producing company that accelerated the already fast industrialization of the city and became one of the world's biggest at its time.

In 1988, Hurricane Gilbert caused great damage to the city; the Santa Catarina River overflowed, causing about 100 deaths and severe economic damage.

The city has hosted international events such as the 2002 United Nation Conference on Financing for Development with the participation of more than 50 Heads of State and Government, as well as other ministers and senior delegates from over 150 countries. The conference resulted in the adoption of the Monterrey Consensus, which has become one relevant reference point for international development and cooperation. In 2004, the OASmarker Special Summit of the Americas was attended by almost all the presidents of the Americas. In 1986, several official games of the 1986 FIFA World Cup were hosted.

In 2007, Monterrey held the Universal Forum of Cultures with four million visitors.

Governance

Monterrey City Hall
Monterrey and its metropolitan area are municipalities each of them governed by a democratically elected Presidente Municipal (Municipal President) or Mayor for a period of three years with no right to reelection. The political environment is one of civility and in the last decade political parties have been alternating office. The current Mayor of Monterrey is Fernando Larrazabal.

The City Council of Monterrey (Cabildo de Monterrey) is an organ integrated by the Mayor, the Regidores and the Síndicos. The Mayor is the executor of the determinations of the City Council and the person directly in charge of the public municipal administration. The Regidores represent the community and their mission is to collectively define the city policies in all the subjects affecting it. The Síndicos are in charge of watching and legally defend the city interests, as well as in charge of watching the City Treasury status and the municipal patrimony.

The political parties with representation in the city are the Institutional Revolutionary Party or PRI, the National Action Party or PAN, the Party of the Democratic Revolution or PRD, the Labor Party or PT, the Green Party, Convergence, Socialdemocratic Party and Nueva Alianza.

Public safety

Monterrey was ranked as the most secure city in Latin America and Mexico in 2005, and one of the two most secure in 2006. However, the city has experienced violence related to turf battles between warring drug cartels in Mexico.

There are two police departments guarding the city, the Police of the City of Monterrey (locally known as the Policía Regia), dependent of the municipal government, and the State Public Safety. The Policía Regia protects the city's downtown and main areas, while the State Public Safety is in charge of the farthest areas.

The state governor is considered the "mayor" of the metropolitan area of Monterrey (A group of several municipalities, forming Monterrey city) since the city accounts for about 95% of the state population.

Geography

The city of Monterrey is located at , and above sea level in the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo Le√≥nmarker. The Santa Catarina River‚ÄĒdry most of the year on the surface but with flowing underground water‚ÄĒbisects the city.

Monterrey is adjoined to San Nicolás de los Garzamarker, García and General Escobedomarker to the north; Guadalupe, Villa de Juárez and Cadereyta Jiménezmarker to the east; Villa de Santiago to the south; and San Pedro Garza Garcíamarker and Santa Catarinamarker to the west.

Monterrey lies north of the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range. A small hill, the Cerro del Topomarker and the smaller Topo Chicomarker are located in the suburbs of San Nicol√°s de los Garza and Escobedo. West of the city rises the Cerro de las Mitrasmarker (Mountain of the Mitres), which resemble the profile of several bishops with their mitres.

Cerro de la Sillamarker (Saddle Mountain) dominates the view east of the city. Cerro de la Loma Largamarker‚ÄĒSouth of the Santa Catarina river‚ÄĒseparates Monterrey from the suburb of San Pedro Garza Garc√≠a. At the summit of the Cerro del Obispadomarker, north of the river, is the historic Bishopric Palacemarker, site of one of the most important battles of the Mexican-American War.

Monterrey has a semi-arid climate (Koppen climate classification BSh). Its weather, is warm in spring and autumn, is extremely hot in the summer, it can reach 42 ¬įC (107 ¬įF) and overnight lows of 25 ¬įC (77 ¬įF) and sometimes it can reach 28 ¬įC (82 ¬įF); the average high reaches 35 ¬įC (95 ¬įF) in August, with an average low of 24 ¬įC (75 ¬įF). Winters are short and mild. The average January high is 20 ¬įC (68 ¬įF) and the average low in January is 10 ¬įC (50 ¬įF); however, temperatures below freezing are rare. Rainfall is scarce, but more prominent during May through September. Monterrey is very extreme in weather change, sometimes reaching 32 ¬įC (90 ¬įF) in January and February, the coldest period, this is seen frequently. Most extreme weather change occurs with rainfall in summer, which changes extreme heat to cooler temperatures, and the absence of northern winds in winter, sometimes causing extreme or abnormally high temperatures. Seasons are not well defined, the warm season can start in February and last until November. Snowfall is a very rare event, the last was in December, 2004.

Natural areas

The mountains surrounding Monterrey contain many canyons, trails and roads that cross deserts and forests. Suitable trails are available to the general public. The Sierra Madre Oriental mountains south of the city are included in the "Parque Nacional Cumbres de Monterrey" (National Park), which was added to UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program of Biosphere Reserves in 2006.

Cumbres de Monterrey includes:



Demographics

Monterrey

population by year
1798 7,000
1833 13,645
1846 15,000
1852 13,534
1862 14,534
1869 14,000
1881 40,000
1890 41,700
1900 62,266
1910 78,528
1921 88,479
1930 132,577
1940 206,152
1950 375,040
1960 708,399
1970 1,246,181
1990 2,213,711
1995 2,516,658
2005 3,864,331
*Note: Figures from 1970-2005, includemunicipalities of Monterrey metropolitan area
References:


The city has grown from a population of 7,000 in 1798 to 1,133,814 in 2005, of which 559,877 were men, and 573,837 were women. According to the national INEGI population census, of the total population of the state of Nuevo Leónmarker, 27% lived in the municipality of Monterrey.

The Monterrey metropolitan area is the third most populous city in Mexico with more than 3.7 million. It is composed of the adjoined municipalities of Apodacamarker, Escobedomarker, Garcíamarker, Guadalupemarker, Juárezmarker, San Nicolás de los Garzamarker, San Pedro Garza Garcíamarker, and Santa Catarinamarker.

Infrastructure

Transportation

See also articles in the category Transportation in Monterrey


Monterrey is connected with the USAmarker border, the sea and inland Mexico through different roads, including the Carretera Nacional (also known as the Panamerican Highway) that runs from Nuevo Laredomarker to Mexico Citymarker and south, and the Carretera Interoce√°nica connecting Matamoros with the port of Mazatl√°nmarker on the Pacific; it is also crossed by highways 40, 45, 57. The divided highway Monterrey-Saltillomarker-Matehuala-Mexico Citymarker is the main land corridor to interior Mexico.

There are several between-cities bus lines at the bus station downtown. There are arrivals and departures into deeper Mexico, to the U.S. border and into the United Statesmarker.

Monterrey is also connected by at least three important railroad freight lines: Nuevo Laredomarker-Mexico City, Monterrey-Tampico, and Monterrey-Pacific (Mazatl√°nmarker).

The city has a rapid transit system called Metrorrey, which currently has 2 lines.

Airports

There are two international airports: General Mariano Escobedo International Airportmarker (served by major international carriers and moving more than 6.5 million passengers in 2007) and Del Norte International Airportmarker, a primarily private airport.

Monterrey is linked through frequent non-stop flights to many Mexican cities and to key United States hubs (Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Houston-Intercontinental, JFK/New York, and Las Vegas). Monterrey is the second most important city for the operating routes of Aeroméxico.

Five airlines have their operational bases and headquarters in Monterrey, Aviacsa, Aeroméxico Connect, Viva Aerobus and Magnicharters. There is no public transportation from Monterrey International Airport to the city. However, a cartel of taxi services link the airport with the city and charge around $20 US for a one-way ride to the city. From this airport, there is a bus shuttle to nearby Saltillo. Inter-city bus services run daily into the interior, as well as north to the US border and points beyond.

Health

Monterrey has some fine hospitals, including three with Joint Commission accreditation - the Joint Commission is a private healthcare accreditation group. There are both public and private hospitals. The Mexican Social Security Institute has two major regional hospitals in the city, the Specialties Regional Hospital # 33 and the Gynecology and Obsterics Regional Hospital, serving also the northeastern states of Coahuilamarker and Tamaulipasmarker. Several smaller IMSS hospitals can be found such as the Traumatology and Orthopedics Hospital and the General Hospital # 25. State government owns the Metropolitan Hospital, located in the suburb of San Nicol√°s de los Garzamarker and the Hospital of the Children and Mother Care in Guadalupemarker suburb.

The University of Nuevo Leónmarker runs the public University Hospital, with a high-level shock-trauma unit and a specialized clinic for child cancer treatment. It is recognized as the best public hospital in the city and the UANL School of Medicine as one of the best in the country. On the other hand the Tecnológico de Monterreymarker runs the Hospital San José-Tec de Monterrey private hospital.

Monterrey has healthcare standards above the average for Mexico. It has several hospitals, including CHRISTUS Muguerza, San José-Tec de Monterrey, OCA Hospital - the largest private hospital in the city, the Santa Engracia Hospital, San Vicente Hospital and the San Lucas Hospital (Plastic Surgery). Its convenient location, low prices and quality of medical care have made of Monterrey a very popular medical tourism destination for United States patients.

Economy



Monterrey is a major industrial center in northern Mexico , producing a GDP of 78.5 billion US dollars (2006). The city's GDP per capita in 2007 was 21,788 US dollars. The city was rated by Fortune magazine in 1999 as the best city in Latin America for business and is currently ranked third best by the América Economía magazine.

Because of its strong steel industry, it is often called "the Pittsburghmarker of Mexico". The city has prominent positions in sectors such as steel, cement, glass, auto parts, and brewing. In 1999 Fortune magazine recognized Monterrey as the best city in Latin America in which to do business. The magazine attributes its economic wealth in part to its proximity with the United States-Mexican border and mentions Monterrey as a significant city with economic links to the United States.

Office buildings in the municipality of San Pedro Garza García
was accelerated in the mid 19th century by the Compa√Īia Fundidora de Fierro y Acero Monterrey a steel-processing company. Today Monterrey is home to transnational conglomerates such as Cemexmarker (the world's third largest cement company), FEMSA (Coca-Cola Latin America), Alfa (petrochemicals, food, telecommunications and auto parts), Axtel (telecommunications), Vitro (glass), Selther (leading mattress and rest systems firm in Latin America), Grumamarker (food), and Banorte (financial services). The FEMSA corporation owns a large brewery, the Cervecer√≠a Cuauht√©moc Moctezuma that produces the brands Sol, Tecate, Indio, Dos Equis and Carta Blanca among others. By the end of the same year, there were more than 13,000 manufacturing companies, 55,000 retail stores, and more than 52,000 service firms in Monterrey.

The metals sector, dominated by iron and steel, accounted for 6 percent of manufacturing GNP in 1994. Mexico's steel industry is centered in Monterrey, where the country's first steel mills opened in 1903. Steel processing plants in Monterrey, privatized in 1986, accounted for about half of Mexico's total steel output in the early 1990s.

Monterrey was ranked 94th worldwide and fifth in Latin America in terms of Quality of Life according to Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2006), and was ranked second in 2005 and fourth in 2006, according to America Economia.

Some of the shopping malls in the city include Paseo San Pedro, Plaza Fiesta San Agustínmarker, Galerías Monterreymarker, and Galerías Valle Oriente, which distribute goods and services to the Mexican population.

Education

Main entrance of the ITESM
Monterrey has an estimated 3.7% rate of illiteracy. In 2005, from an estimated 983,359 inhabitants above 6 years of age, 36,689 were illiterates.

In 2005, the city had 72 public libraries, with 298,207 books available, serving an estimated 478,047 readers.

Monterrey is also the headquarters of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterreymarker (Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Studies, ITESM or "Tec de Monterrey").

The Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leónmarker (Autonomous University of Nuevo León, UANL), is the third largest Mexican university and is ranked by the Reader's Digest-AC Nielsen Survey 2005 as the top public university in northeast Mexico. Its main campus, Ciudad Universitaria (University City), covers approximately . The UANL system comprises 26 colleges (faculties), 22 graduate divisions, 24 high schools, 1 center of bilingual education and 3 technical high schools. The medical school of the UANL is considered one of the most advanced in Latin America.

Founded in 1969 with the support of local leading multinational corporations such as Cemex, Alfa, Femsa, Gamesa, Protexa & CYDSA, the Universidad Regiomontana is a private university offering high school, undergraduate and graduate programs. With agreements with more than 200 universities across the globe, it is member of GATE (Global Alliance for Transnational Education), FIMPES (Federación de Instituciones Mexicanas Particulares de Educación Superior) and holds an ISO 9001 Certification. Its urban campus attracts many working professionals who complement and enrich the academic experience.

The Universidad de Monterrey was founded by the religious congregations of the Sisters of Immaculate Mary of Guadalupe, the nuns of the Sacred Heart and the Marist and La Salle brothers, all of them supported by an association of catholic citizens. On December 2001 was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) to deliver bachelor and master level educational programs.

The city is home to the Monterrey College of Music and Dance, which offers degrees in performing arts.

Culture

Food

The most traditional dish from Monterrey is cabrito, kid goat cooked on embers based on the Jewish cuisine of the founders of the city. Other local dishes and customs that perhaps date back to the Crypto-Judaism of these founders are the "semita" (bread without leavening), the capirotada dessert (a mix of cooked bread, cheese, raisins, peanuts, and crystallized sugarcane juice), and the relative absence of pork dishes. Another famous local dish is machacado con huevo.

Carne asada on weekends remains a tradition among Monterrey families. It is usually served with grilled onions, baked potatoes and sausages or chopped as tacos. Locally brewed beer and cola are an almost mandatory part of the weekly ritual. The traditional desserts, "glorias" and "obleas," made from goat milk are both traditional candies from Nuevo León.

Sports

See also articles in the category Sport in Monterrey
Monterrey has two soccer teams in the Mexican league, the Club de F√ļtbol Monterrey, known as Rayados de Monterrey, which uses Estadio Tecnol√≥gicomarker, a facility owned by the ITESM rented to the team, to host matches. And the UANL Tigres, owned by CEMEXmarker, which hosts matches at Estadio Universitariomarker, at the main campus of the UANLmarker. Both teams are related to the city on the derby, called Cl√°sico Regiomontano. There was a proposed project to build a stadium for both teams, the "Estadio Internacional Monterrey", but the idea was dropped out by both teams. The project is still being promoted, and the city is giving a positive view of it, but the UANL Tigres have yet to finish their stadium contract and the Rayados are planning a stadium of their own. Club de F√ļtbol Monterrey plans to build a new stadium able to sit a crowd of 50,000. It is scheduled to be finished by 2011, named "Estadio de F√ļtbol Monterrey". The new stadium is to be financed by the club's managing firm, FEMSA, and will remain the club's property for fifty years before becoming property of the government. The city hosted 8 matches during the 1986 FIFA World Cup.

In addition, two professional indoor soccer teams were hosted in the past, the Monterrey La Raza, members of the Continental Indoor Soccer League and World Indoor Soccer League and the Monterrey Fury, members of the current Major Indoor Soccer League. The city was awarded another franchise to begin play in the fall of 2007 in the MISL.

Interior of the Monterrey Arena
Baseball has a long history in the city, where it became the most popular sport during the early 20th century. Monterrey has been champion of the Little League World Series three times (1957, 1958 and 1997), and has been host of US Major League Baseball games. In the Mexican Baseball League, the Sultanes de Monterrey are one important team every season and have won the national title several times. In the year 2003, the city unsuccessfully attempted to buy (and relocate to Monterrey) the Montreal Expos franchise of the US Major League Baseball.The Sultanes de Monterrey, are a Mexican League baseball team based in Monterrey, Mexico. They are in the Northern Division. The team was formed May 20, 1939 as Carta Blanca (A local beer brand, owned by Cerveceria Cuauhtémoc Moctezuma which owned the team). The team was also known as the gray ghosts. Soon, they became one of the most important teams in the league, winning its first championship in 1943. The Sultanes play in the Estadio de Beisbol Monterrey, the largest baseball stadium in Mexico.

There are two professional basketball teams: Fuerza Regia that plays in the national league, Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional and the Monterrey Venom that plays in the minor league American Basketball Association. Fuerza Regia plays at the Monterrey Arenamarker while the Monterrey Poison plays at the gymnasium of the ITESM.



The city has hosted the Champ Car race in Fundidora Parkmarker from 2001 to 2005 and hosted the A1 Grand Prix of Nations on February 2006.

In 2004 Monterrey hosted the World Karate Federation Senior World Championships.In April 2004, Monterrey's Arena Monterrey became the first city to host WWE in Mexico.In 2007 Monterrey hosted the Women's WTBA World Tenpin Bowling Championships

The city has two college Football teams, the Auténticos Tigres (UANL) and the Borregos (ITESM) that play in the National College League (ONEFA). There is also a local children's league called AFAIM.

People can also find golf, fishing, camping, and extreme-sports outdoors near the city (bungee jumping at Cola de Caballomarker, rock-climbing, hiking, mountain bike). In particular there is international-level rock-climbing places like la Huasteca, Potrero Chico and many other canyons.

Starting 2009 the Monterrey Openmarker is held at Monterrey. This is a professional women's tennis tournament. The event is affiliated with the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), and is be part of the International tournaments on the WTA Tour.

Contemporary music

See also articles in the category Musical groups from Monterrey
Starting in the 60's Monterrey has been known for "Norte√Īo" music which is the trademark music of the city, bands like Ramon Ayala, Pesado, Duelo and other Mexican "Regional" music bands perform at the different clubs in the city. Monterrey, Nuevo Le√≥nmarker has witnessed the birth of several bands that have become internationally acclaimed. Their genres vary considerably. Bands include Plastilina Mosh, Control Machete, Kinky, El Gran Silencio, Jumbo, Panda, Genitallica. The song "Los Oxidados" by Plastilina Mosh opens the 2005 movie "Mr. & Mrs. Smith". Kinky performed at the 2004 edition of the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festivalmarker in California, along with Radiohead, The Cure and The Killers.

Landmarks

Santa Lucia Riverwalk


  • Santa Lucia Riverwalkmarker, an artificial river built between 1996 and 2007. It currently joins the Macroplazamarker with the Fundidora Parkmarker.
  • The Cerro de la Sillamarker (Saddle Mountain).
  • La Macroplazamarker, one of the world's largest plazas, is the cultural and administrative heart of the city featuring remarkable monuments, green areas and buildings.
  • Faro del Comerciomarker (Lighthouse of Commerce), another trademark of the city. This monuments beams a green laser around the city at night.
  • Barrio Antiguomarker (old neighborhood), area where bars, cafes, art galleries and restaurants can be found. On November of every year the Festival Cultural Barrio Antiguo took place with national and international artists and performers, but now is replaced with the Festival Internacional de Santa Lucia, which now takes place in September.
  • The Museum of Modern Artmarker is a post-modern Mexican architecture designed by Ricardo Legorreta with the objective of creating different ambiances for artists and visitors from all around the world.
  • Monterrey's Inukshuk is one of only a handful of authentic examples to be found outside Canada of these stone monuments from the high Arctic. The sculpture was created in situ by the renowned Inuit artist Bill Nasogaluak in 2007 and was a gift to the state of Nuevo Leon from the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and the Government of Canada.
  • Fundidora Parkmarker is a large urban industrial park that contains old foundry buildings, 120 hectares of natural ambiance, artificial lakes, playgrounds, alternative cinema (Cineteca), museum (Photo Collection, the State Plastic Arts Collection, Exhibits and Spaces), hotel, auditorium and convention center.
  • Puente de la Unidadmarker (sometimes called Puente Atirantado) is a suspension bridge that crosses the R√≠o Santa Catarina and joins San Pedro Garza Garc√≠amarker with Monterrey.
  • The Alfa Planetariummarker is the first IMAX dome built in Latin America and fourth in the world.
  • The Government Palace of Nuevo Le√≥nmarker is a pink marble of Neoclassical architecture where the governor's office is located.
  • El Cerro del Obispadomarker (Bishopric Hill) which includes a public, scenic lookout called Mirador del Obispadomarker, a Monumental flag and the museum inside the Palacio del Obispadomarker (the Bishopric Palace).
  • ITESMmarker, ITESM has two distinctive buildings CEDES which houses the administration of the ITESM nationwide system and the CETEC which houses the main computer classroom and other offices.
  • La Cervecer√≠a Cuauht√©moc Moctezuma, with its XIX century buildings and where the national Baseball Hall of Fame (Sal√≥n de la Fama) is located.
  • The Cola de Caballomarker (Horse tail) waterfall, on the mountains near the towns of Santiago and El Cercado, about 35 km. (22 miles) south.
  • On the way to the Cola de Caballo waterfall (Carretera Nacional going to Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas), in Santiago, the Presa Rodrigo Gomez or "La Boca" ("La Boca" Dam) lays nested between green hills.


Broadcasting and media

Monterrey is an important producer and broadcaster of media and entertainment in Mexico. Grupo Multimedios operates 2 television channels in the city, one of them broadcasting also to the Mexican states of Coahuilamarker, Tamaulipasmarker, Veracruzmarker, Chihuahuamarker and Guanajuatomarker, and to several cities in the United Statesmarker. Televisa and TV Azteca, the two only national television networks, have local stations in the city.

Grupo Reforma, one of the most widely read newsources in Mexico originated in the city with the newspaper El Norte. Milenio Diario de Monterrey, published by Grupo Multimedios, is another newspaper of high distribution, daily printing local editions in the most important Mexican cities. Other local newspapers include El Porvenir and ABC. Northern Mexico's weekly business newspaper Biznews is also headquartered in Monterrey.

Monterrey also has several radio stations broadcasting news, music, entertainment, and culture for the city. The main radio broadcasting groups are Multimedios Radio, Grupo Radio Alegría and Nucleo Radio Monterrey.

There are 11 Air TV channel broadcasting in the city:

Name Network Channel Contents Type
Teleactiva Televisa 2 Entertainment Local
Azteca 13 TV Azteca 4 Entertainment National
Canal 5 Televisa 6 Entertainment (Cartoons, Series) National
Azteca 7 TV Azteca 7 Series, Movies National, Local
Canal de las Estrellas Televisa 10 Entertainment, News National
Multimedios Televisión Multimedios 12 Entertainment, News Regional (Mexico and US)
Galavisión Televisa 22 Entertainment National
TV Nuevo León State Government 28 Cultural, News Local
Monterrey Televisión Televisa 34 Entertainment, News Local
Canal 53 UANL UANLmarker 53 Cultural Local
Canal 64 Multimedios 64 Music videos Local


International development

The 2007 Universal Forum of Cultures was an international cultural event held in Monterrey from September 20 to December 8 2007.

Also the city wanted to bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but the Mexican Olympic Committee rejected to support it. The city council are now bidding for the 2020 Olympic games.

Proposed logo for the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics bid


Backed by a young people's movement, students of the universities of Monterrey formed the Monterrey 2014 Foundation with the purpose of hosting the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics. In 2009 the Mexican Olympic Committee gave the bid to Guadalajaramarker. The Monterrey 2014 Foundation declared it would bid for 2018 if Guadalajara loses 2014 bid.

Notable people

See also articles in the category People from Monterrey
Notable people from Monterrey include:

International relations

Twin towns ‚ÄĒ Sister cities

Monterrey is twinned with:




References

  1. http://weather.com/
  2. América Economía (Business Magazine), page 32, issue of May 2005
  3. Government of Monterrey Website
  4. Government of Nuevo León State Website
  5. Historical Weather for Monterrey, Mexico. Weatherbase.com. Retrieved December 18, 2006.
  6. UNESCO Website
  7. Chipinque Ecological Park website
  8. Instituto Mexicano de Recursos Naturales Renovables
  9. El Porvenir, newspaper
  10. El Porvenir, newspaper
  11. North American Butterfly Association
  12. 1746, Farnham, Thomas J. Mexico: Its Geography, its people and its institutions. New York, 1846; Mexico: The Country, History and People. London, 1863.
  13. 1862 a/ - Dur√°n, Rafael. "Memorias sobre el censo de la Rep√ļblica", en Bolet√≠n de la Sociedad Mexicana de Geograf√≠a y Estad√≠stica. M√©xico, 1862.
  14. 1900 a 1940 - Censos Generales de Población.
  15. 1995 - INEGI. Conteo de Población y Vivienda, 1995.
  16. Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México
  17. http://www.nl.gob.mx/?P=t_tur_sertur_trans_metro
  18. Passenger statistics for Monterrey Airport in 2006 http://www.oma.bz/EN/BoletinesDePrensa.asp?idAeropuerto=mty
  19. City Mayors [1] Retrieved April 4th, 2009
  20. Mexico Connect. North star shines. Retrieved February 11, 2006.
  21. Weldmex General information. Retrieved February 11, 2006.
  22. Country-data. Mexico - Industry. Retrieved February 11, 2006.
  23. Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2006
  24. UANL Website About UANL
  25. UANL Website Location of UANL
  26. http://www.medicina.uanl.mx/
  27. Official Page
  28. Insert footnote text here
  29. Presa de La Boca
  30. [2] Monterrey 2014
  31. ::: Gloria Trevi P√°gina Oficial :::


Further reading

  • Michael Snodgrass, Deference and Defiance in Monterrey: Workers, Paternalism, and Revolution in Mexico, 1890-1950 (Cambridge University Press, 2003) (ISBN 0-521-81189-9)


External links




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