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Montgomeryshire, also known as Maldwyn ( ) is one of thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Walesmarker. It is named after one of William the Conqueror's main counsellors, Roger de Montgomerie, who was the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

Montgomeryshire constitutes the northern part of the principal area of Powysmarker (except a few communities added to Powys in 1996 that are within the historic boundaries of Denbighshire). The population of this Montgomeryshire area was 59,474 according to the 2001 census.

Montgomerymarker is considered the county town, though the administrative functions were shared with Machynllethmarker. The borders of Montgomeryshire correspond roughly to the medieval kingdom of Powys Wenwynwynmarker. It is also the birth place of Saint Richard Gwyn.

History

The county is bounded to the north by Denbighshire, to the east and southeast by Shropshiremarker, to the south by Radnorshiremarker, to the southwest by Cardiganshire and to the west and northwest by Merionethshiremarker. It was formed under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542. Ancient Lords of the Manor were of the surname Shropshire. Its cantrefi included:



It also included the Lordships of Cydewain and Mechain

Geography

The area is almost wholly mountainous, although there are some fertile valleys in the east. The highest point is Cadair Berwynmarker at 2,723 ft (830 m). Its main rivers are the River Severn and the River Dyfimarker. Lake Vyrnwymarker is a reservoir supplying Liverpoolmarker.

The main towns are Llanfyllinmarker, Machynllethmarker, Llanidloesmarker, Montgomerymarker, Newtownmarker and Welshpoolmarker. The main industries are agriculture (mainly hill farming) and tourism.

Places of special interest:

Memorable Montgomeryshire

To walk up and down through Walesmarker, following Offa's Dyke Pathmarker, the Marches Way, the Cambrian Way or Glyndŵr's Way one must at some point travel through Montgomeryshire as it is the only county that stretches from the English border to the Doveymarker estuary at Cardigan Bay, east to west.

Also see

History of Wales

References

  1. http://www.powys-i.org.uk/documents/en/powys_i_stats/Census%202001/Key%20Statistics/Shires/KS_M.pdf



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