Logo of the rione
Map of the rione
is the name of one of the twelve Rioni of Rome
I. The name literally
means mountains in Italian and comes from the fact that
the Esquiline and the Viminal Hills, and parts of the Quirinal and the
Hills belonged to this rione.
consists of three green mountains with three tops on a silver
Pretorio and Celio districts do not belong to it anymore, but it
has kept its former name.
times the rione was densely populated: in Monti there were
Romanum and the so called Suburra (meaning
suburbs in Latin): this was the place poor people lived,
full of disreputable locals and brothels.
In the Middle Ages
the situation was
completely different: the Roman aqueducts were damaged, and it was
very difficult to bring water to Monti since it was on the hills.
Hence many inhabitants moved to Campus
, a lower level part, where they could drink the water
from the river Tiber
From the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 1800s, the
remained an area full of vineyards and market
gardens. Monti was not densely populated because of
the lack of water and because it was quite far from the Vatican, the center of Christian culture.
did not become abandoned thanks to the church of San Giovanni in
Laterano and the constant high number of
Still in the Middle Ages the inhabitants of Monti, called
, developed a strong identity: their Roman
dialect was different from that spoken in the other rioni.
enemies were the people from the other rione with a strong
identity, Trastevere, and they often used to fight with one
via dei Fori Imperiali, on the edge of
Then, with growing urbanization at the end of the nineteenth
century after Rome had become the capital of a united Italy, the
great changes of the Fascist period completely changed the
appearance of the rione. In particular, between 1924 and 1936, a large
part of the rione, consisting of small streets and popular houses,
was destroyed to make way for the via dei Fori Imperiali (the street
artificially dividing the Roman Forum and most of the Imperial
forums) and the archaeological buildings of the Forum Romanum
Thanks to its position, Monti is full of archaeological sites such