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The Montreal Shamrocks were an amateur, later professional, men's ice hockey club in existence from 1887 until 1910, merging with the Montreal Crystals club in 1896. They won the Stanley Cup ice hockey championship in 1899 and 1900.

Team History

Shamrock championship lacrosse team, 1879
The Shamrocks were founded on December 15, 1886 at a meeting of the Shamrock Lacrosse Club to organize an ice hockey club. The Shamrock Lacrosse Club of Montreal predated the hockey team by twenty years, founded in 1867 by J. B. L. Flynn. In its inaugural season of play, the Shamrocks had both a junior and senior team. The Shamrocks standard of play increased leading to the club playing in two Amateur Hockey Association of Canada(AHAC) challenges, in 1891 and 1892.

Amalgamation with Crystals

In 1895, the Montreal Crystals became affiliated with the Shamrocks Athletic Club, and the hockey teams amalgamated unter the Shamrocks banner in the AHAC. The Crystals' rink had burned down, ending a successful existence of 15 years.

The club rose to be the pre-eminent senior amateur hockey club in North America by the turn of the twentieth century, winning the Stanley Cup in 1899 and 1900 before losing a Stanley Cup challenge in 1901. Following the retirement of its stars, including Hall of Famers Harry Trihey and Arthur Farrell, the Shamrocks faded from prominence and never again had a winning season. They were eventually done in around 1910 by the growth of professionalisation in hockey. Unable to compete financially, and with the myriad splits and feuding in élite-level hockey (which lead to the formation, disbandment, and formation of new leagues), the Shamrocks folded.

Shamrocks championship club, 1899.


At the time there were two successful clubs affiliated with the Shamrock Amateur Athletic Association of Montreal, the hockey club and the Lacrosse Club. While the Lacrosse Club was a predominately working-class team, based largely in the Irish Catholic industrial working class neighbourhood of Griffintownmarker, the Hockey Club reflected a more bourgeois background, more in keeping with the image the Shamrock Amateur Athletic Association wished to convey to the wider community of Montrealmarker, as Irish Catholics attempted to integrate into the mainstream of the city's body politic in the late 19th century. Many of the players on the Stanley Cup–winning teams of 1899–1901 went on to study at McGill Universitymarker, and entered into the city's bourgeois professional ranks as doctors, lawyers, and businessmen.

Harry Trihey, the captain of the Cup-winning teams, became a prominent Montreal lawyer and, during World War I, was commissioned by the Government of Canada to raise the Irish Canadian Rangers, a venture that ended with Mr. Trihey resigning his commission and returning to Montreal in 1916 after the British High Command reversed its earlier promise to Mr. Trihey to send the Rangers into battle as a unit, deciding instead to plug them into the front line as reinforcements. Mr. Trihey also had problems recruiting in Quebecmarker and Irelandmarker following the GPO Rising in Dublinmarker at Easter 1916.

Season-by-Season Record

Year Name GP W L T PTS GF GA PIM Finish Playoffs
1896 Shamrocks 8 1 7 0 2 16 30 -- 5th in AHAC --
1897 8 1 7 0 2 27 37 -- 5th in AHAC --
1898 8 3 5 0 6 25 36 -- 3rd in AHAC --
1899 8 7 1 0 14 40 21 -- 1st in CAHL Won Stanley Cup
1900 8 7 1 0 14 49 26 -- 1st in CAHL Won Stanley Cup
1901 8 4 4 0 8 30 25 -- 3rd in CAHL Lost Stanley Cup challenge
1902 8 1 7 0 2 15 62 -- 5th in CAHL --
1903 8 0 8 0 0 21 56 -- 5th in CAHL --
1904 8 1 7 0 2 32 74 -- 4th in CAHL --
1905 8 3 7 0 6 41 62 -- 4th in CAHL --
1906 10 0 10 0 0 30 90 -- Last in ECAHA
1907 10 2 8 0 4 52 120 -- Last in ECAHA --
1908 10 5 5 0 10 53 49 -- 4th in ECAHA --
1909 12 2 10 0 4 56 103 -- 4th in ECAHA
1910 12 3 8 1 25 59 100 -- 6th in NHA --


Prominent Players

The following players have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Famemarker:



See also



References




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