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Montrouge is a commune in the southern Parisian suburbs, located 4.4 km (2.7 miles) from the center of Paris, France. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe. After a long period of decline, the population has increased again in recent years.

History

There are a number of colorful traditions about the name "Montrouge", but it appears that it in fact comes from the Latin words monte mount and rubeus red, meaning Red Mountain, because of the reddish color of the earth in this area.

The name of the community was first mentioned in monastery documents in 1194.

Throughout the Middle Ages, the hamlet was home to monasteries and a number of religious orders, while in the 15th century it became the site of quarries used for the reconstruction of Paris. The late sixteenth century saw the plain of Montrouge named "reserve for royal hunts", and during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was known for its windmills, which, sadly, have all now disappeared.

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. On that occasion, most of the commune of Montrouge was annexed to Paris, forming what is now called Petit-Montrougemarker, in the 14th arrondissementmarker of Paris. The remainder of Montrouge was preserved as an independent town.

In 1875, the town gained a few thousand square metres from the neighboring communes of Châtillon and Bagneux (principally in the neighborhood (le quartier) called Haut Mesnil).

Economy

Industrial development started in 1925 and soon, many printing factories were to be found in the town. Most of these have disappeared today. Since the early years of the twenty-first century, professional services and telecommunications have been the main business activities.



Public Transport

Montrouge is served by the Châtillon – Montrougemarker station on Paris Métro Line 13. This station is located at the border between the commune of Montrouge and the commune of Châtillon, on the Châtillon side of the border.

The community is also served by Porte d'Orléansmarker station on Paris Métro Line 4. This station, although administratively located on the territory of the 14th arrondissementmarker of Parismarker, lies closer to the town center of Montrouge than does the Châtillon – Montrouge station, and is thus used by many people in Montrouge.

Metro Line 4 is being extended to the south. Three new stations (Mairie de Montrouge, Verdun Sud, and Bagneux) have been planned. The first one will open by mid 2012, while no date has been set for the later two.

Bus line 68 runs from Metro Chatillon Montrouge all the way up through Montparnasse, the Louvre, the Paris Opera and ends at the Place de Clichy, site of the Moulin Rouge.

The Arts in Montrouge

As you can see from the list below, Montrouge was the home of a number of well-known twentieth century artists. Currently the town is also well known for two contemporary art exhibitions:
  • The Montrouge Contemporary Art Show, which has existed for over 50 years
  • The JCE, that is European Young Artists exhibition.


And Montrouge is a town that loves parades, art walks and other local festivities, as any inhabitant will tell you.

People

Some famous Montrougiens:

Others



References



External links




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