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Moorish architecture is a term used to describe the articulated Islamic architecture which developed in North Africa and south-western Europe, especially the Iberian Peninsulamarker, where Islamic civilisation came into contact with Berber, Greco-Roman, Visigothic and other traditions.


Among the surviving examples are the Mezquitamarker in Cordobamarker; the Alhambramarker (mainly 1338-1390) and Generalifemarker in Granadamarker and the Giraldamarker in Sevillemarker in 1184; Paderne Castlemarker in the Algarve, Portugalmarker; the mosque of Tin Malmarker in Moroccomarker; the Great Mosque of Algiers and the Great Mosque of Tlemcen in Algeriamarker; the Mosque of Uqbamarker in Kairouanmarker, Tunisiamarker and the Bardo Palacemarker, now a museum, in Tunismarker.

Other notable examples include the ruined palace city of Medina Azaharamarker (936-1010), the church (former mosque) San Cristo de la Luz in Toledomarker, the Aljaferíamarker in Saragossamarker and baths at for example Rondamarker and Alhama de Granadamarker.

The term is sometimes used to include the products of the Islamic civilisation of Southern Italy. The Palazzo dei Normannimarker in Sicily was begun in the 9th century by the Emir of Palermo.

There is archeological evidence of an eighth century mosque in Narbonnemarker, Francemarker.

See also


  1. Curl p.502
  2. Pevsner - The penguin dictionary of architecture
  3. The Industrial Geography of Italy, Russell King, Taylor & Francis, 1985, page 81,
  4. Islam Outside the Arab World, David Westerlund, Ingvar Svanberg, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, page 342


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