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Moradabad ( , ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Moradabad districtmarker in the Indianmarker state of Uttar Pradeshmarker. It was established in 1600 by prince Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan; as a result the city came to be known as Moradabad. It is the administrative headquarters of Moradabad Districtmarker. According to Government of India, the district Moradabad is one of the several Muslim majority districts on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.

Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 miles) from the national capital, New Delhimarker, on the banks of the Ramganga River (a tributary of the Gangesmarker). The city is famous for its huge export of brass handicrafts to North America Europe and all over the world, and is also thus called "Brass City" or Peetal Nagri (in the local language). The city has the distinction of being the biggest exporter of handicrafts in the country. It has close to one million citizens of various ethnicities and religions.

History

Historically, a city and district of British India, in the Bareilly Division of the United Provinces, now itself is a divisional headquarter. The city is on the right bank of the river Ramganga, 655 ft. above sea-level, and has a station on the Oudh & Rohilkhand railway, 868 miles from Calcutta. Pop. (1901), 75,128. It was founded in 1625 by Rustam Khan, who built the fort which overhangs the river bank, and the fine Jama Masjid or great mosque (1631). In 1776 it was taken over by the sahaspur- bilari state under which the city governed. The town forms a large centre of trade in country produce. It has a special industry in ornamental brassware, sometimes plated with lac or tin, which is then engraved. Cotton weaving and printing is also carried on.

The District of Moradabad lies east of the Ganges and west of the native state of Rampur. Area, 2285 sq. m. It lies within the great Gangetic plain, and is demarcated into three subdivisions by the rivers Ramganga and Sot. The eastern tract consists of a submontane country, with an elevation slightly greater than the plain below, and is traversed by numerous streams descending from the Himalayas. The central portion consists of a level central plain descending at each end into the valleys of the Ramganga and Sot. The western section has a gentle slope towards the Ganges, with a rapid dip into the lowlands a few miles from the bank of the great river. In addition to Moradabad the principal towns are Amroha, Sambhal (39,715) and Chandausi (25,711).

For the early history of Moradabad see Bareillymarker. It passed into the possession of the British in 1801. The population in 1901 was 1,191,993. The principal crops are wheat, rice, millet, pulse, sugar-cane and cotton. The main line of the Oudh and Rohilkhand railway traverses the district from south to north, with branches towards Aligarh and Rampur. A third branch from Moradabad city towards Delhi crosses the Ganges at Garhmukteshwar by a bridge of eleven spans of 200 ft. each.

Geography

Moradabad is located at . It has an average elevation of 486 metres (610 feet

Brass Industry

Brass paperweight, along with zinc and copper samples.
Moradabad is renowned for its brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry throughout the world. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware is exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 2200 crore every year. Recently other products like Iron, Sheet, Metalwares, Aluminium Artworks and Glassware's have also been included as per the need of foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported worth Rupees several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign markets and are being exported in thousand of crores every year.

Origin And Development Present Moradabad city was established as the head office of Chaupala Pargana during Emperor AKBAR 's regime. In 1624, Rustom Khan, the governor of Sambhal, captured it and set up a fort at this place and named it as Rustom Nagar. Later on it was named as MORADABAD after the name of SHAHJAHAN 's son MURAD BUX and this name still persists. Physical development of the city was started after the construction of JAMA MASJID by Rustom Khan in 1632.

Geographical Location Moradabad city is famous for Brass Metal Handicrafts not only in India but also abroad since ancient times. This city is situated in western U.P. between 28°-21´ to 28°-16´ Latitude North and 78°- 4´ to 79 Longitude East. Presently it is an Administrative, Industrial and Commercial city. After the establishment of Divisional Commissioner Office,its importance and status has further been elevated. This city lies on National Highway 24 from traffic and transport point of view and is a main Railway Station, also Divisional Headquarters of Northern Railways, on HAWRA & AMRITSER main line. It is very well connected with main cities like DEHLI, LUCKNOW, BAREILLY, PATNA, HARIDWAR, etc. by both Rail and Road transport. Ramganga river flows in the north east and Gangan river is there in south west of the city. Being situated on the main railway line and National Highway, Moradabad city has bright prospects of development. Industrial and commercial development has taken place at a fast pace because the raw material becomes easily available to the city and manufactured goods are easily exported.

Area & Population The geographical area of the Moradabad District is 3493 km2. Its Total population is 27,61,620 out of which males are 14,94,220 and females are 12,67,400. Of the total population, 18,77,570 constitute the rural population and the rest i.e. 8,84,040 makes the urban population.

Infrastructure The Moradabad District is divided into 6 Tehsils & 13 Blocks. Total no. of Nyay Panchayats in the district are 87 while Gram Sabhas stands at 883. The total populated villages are 1388. The total no. of Police Stations in the district are 26 out of which 9 are in rural area and 17 in the Urban area. The total no. of Railway Stations (including Halts) are 29. Total length of Broad Gauge line is 219 km. The total no. of Post Offices are 226 out of which 42 are in urban area while 184 in rural area.

Economy Primarily the Economy of the Moradabad District is Agrarian based while the Economy base of Moradabad city is Small Scale Cottage industry, Commerce & Trade. Major crops are Paddy, Wheat, Sugar cane & Mustard. There is a network of Agro based industries namely Rice & Dal Processing Units and a large no. of Gur & Khandsari Units. Over 15000 Small Scale Industry Units are spread all over the District having more concentration on Urban cities - Moradabad & Sambhal. Moradabad city is famous for the Brass Metal Handicrafts and exports to the tune of Rs. 2200 Crores on yearly basis. A good no. of Artisans are also engaged in home manufacturing of Horn and Bone handicrafts articles in Sambhal.About 12 lakh metric tons of food grain, 10 thousand metric tons of oil seeds, 90 lakh metric tons of sugar cane & 2.6 lakh metric tons of potatoes are annually produced here and a major part of it is exported to other districts of the state and out of the state.

Personalities

Frontline artist have been born in the land of Moradabad who have shown for themselves and their motherland by their drawing and painting. These artists include s/s Thakur Ram Pal Singh, Prof. Jagdish Bahadur Chaudhary, Serveshwar Saran Sarve, Dr. (Mrs.) Saroj Bhati, Dr. Prasad Saran, Shri Ram Nath Dubey, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Mrs. Jaimala Rastogi, Ram Singh Chitrakar, Beena Gupta, Dr. Giyan Prakash Kshatriya etc.

Moradabad has also produced many great poets and writers whose contribution to the field of literature is well recognised. Some of the famous Hindi poets are Pandit Narrottam Vayas , Pt. Jwala Prasad Mishra, Pt. Jwala Dutt Sharma, Jayanti Prasad Upadhyaya etc.Similarly some of the famous Urdu poets and writers are Jigar Moradabadi, Saheba Moradabadi, Qazi Badal Hasan Badr Jalai, Late Kamal Amrohi, Dr. Qammar Moradabadi, Dr. Mashkoor Moradabadi, Dr. Wali Hasanpuri, etc.

Moradabad has also contributed in the field of Music and has produced famous Tabla player Late Ahmad Jaan Tharakwa, Late Kamal Amrohi in films and Late Pt. Narottam Vyas etc. Late Jigar Moradabadi is well known for his Urdu Shayari.

This city has no parallel in stage. Late Master Fida Hussain Narsi, recipient of Avadh Samman, has devoted his life for Parsi theater.

Freedom Struggle

Moradabad district has played an important role in India's freedom struggle. Moradabad has the credit for giving the final shape to Mahatma Gandhi's Non - Cooperation Movement. This land has produced several brave soldiers of freedom struggle and the prominent amongst them are Amba Prasad, Prof. Ram Saran, Maulana Mohd. Ali, Maulavi Abdul Salam, Hafiz Nusrat Hussain Khan (perfumers), Dau Dayal Khanna and Pandit Shankar Dutt, etc. Amba Prasad spent his whole life in freedom struggle and was jailed for about a year and a half in 1897.

Prof. Ram Saran Known as Gandhi of MORADABAD district was born in 1894 in a middle class family. He was the first person of Moradabad who left this vakalat during Non-Cooperation Movement. In 1923, he became a Professor of Economics in Kashi Vidyapeeth. Lal Bahadur Shastri, Kamla Pati Tripathi, and T.N. Singh were his main students.

Maulana Mohd. Ali was a great man born in Moradabad whose fame crossed international borders and he was a complete patriot. He had the privilege of presiding over an open connvention of Indian National Congress and sacrificed his life for country's independence. Maulana Mohd. Ali started Khilafat movement against the British in 1918. This movement was so popular that every body became familiar with Maulana's name.

Maulavi Abdul Salam was a frontline patriot of Moradabad district born on 22nd Sept. 1888. His whole life was devoted to Congress. All important national leaders used to stay at his residence Darul Salam to prepare line sketch of different movements. Despite being a Zamindar, he always favoured landless and small farmers. He was a strong supporter of Hindu Muslim unity.

The credit for revolutionary events which took place in Moradabad district goes to Hafiz Muhammad Ibrahim (Bidiwale) and Dau Dayal Khanna. Dau Dayal Khanna born on 19 Nov.1910. He left his studies in 18 years of age to participate in the freedom movement and established Moradabad Youth League.(Sources from www.moradabad.nic.in)

Other prominent freedom fighter from Moradabad include Pandit Shanker Dutt Sharma, Banwari Lala Rahbar, Zafar Hasan, Wasti Vakil, Lala Bhaqwat Saran, Dr. Narottam Saran, etc.

Education

Karan kumar is also from this city. He is Quality Analyst in Health care Sector.University

Teerthanker Mahaveer University



Engineering colleges

Moradabad Institute Of Technology

College of Engineering And Technology (IFTM)

Teerthanker Mahaveer Engineering College

Krishna Institute Of Management And Technology (KIMT)



Management colleges

Teerthanker Mahaveer Institute Of Management And Technology (TMIMT)

Institute of Foreign Trade and Management (IFTM)

Krishna Institute Of Management And Technology (KIMT)

Medical colleges

Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center

Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Center

Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College& Research Center

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Degree colleges

V.K.S Law College

Hindu College

Wilsonia Degree College

R.S.D Degree College

M.H Degree College

K.G.K College

Technical Institutes

Taleem Technical Institute



Schools (Inter Colleges)

V.K.S Public school

Ansar Inter College

Delhi Public School

Falah Daren Inter College

Gandhi Nagar Public School Moradabad

Hewitt Muslim Inter College

Hindu Inter College

Athar Ali Memorial Public School

KCM School

Kendriya Vidyalya Moradabad

Maharaja Agersen Inter College

Modern Public School

Moradabad Inter College

Amtul Public School

Parker Inter College

Parker Inter College

PMS Public School

R.S.D Academy

Rani Pritam Kunwar Memorial School

Tiny Tots School

Rishikul Mahavidhalya

S.S.Children Academy

S.S.Inter College

SpringFields College

St. Judes Academy

St. Mary's School

St. Paul's College

Swraswati Shishu Mandir

Wilsonia college

Arya Kanya Inter College

Methodist Girls Inter College

Baldev Arya Kanya Inter College

Kausalya Kanya Inter College

Sai Girls Inter College

Ram Chandra Sharma Girls Inter College

Prabhadevi Girls Inter College

Pratap Singh Girls Inter College

Adam & Eve Public School

Ansar Inter College Mradabad

Krishna Public Inter Collage MoradabadPawar Inter Collage Kazipura, MoradabadAbhay Shiksha Niketan Inter Collage Mora MoradabadH S Inter Collage,Pallupura Ghosi, Moradabad

Hospitals

District eye hospital

Civil hospital

Sai hospital

Vivekanand hospital

D L Nursing Home

Adam & Eves Mission Hospital

District Hospital Civil lines

Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical Hospital & Research Centre 599-Bed Multi-Specialty Hospital

Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental Hospital & Research Centre

Photo gallery

Image:Moradabad pic 01.JPG|Lajpat Nagar.Image:Moradabad pic 03.JPG|Eidgah Road.Image:Moradabad pic 04.JPG|Eidgah Road.Image:Moradabad pic 05.JPG|Eidgah Road.Image:Moradabad pic 07.JPG|Moradabad Bus Station.Image:Moradabad pic 08.JPG|Station Road.Image:Moradabad pic 10.JPG|Moradabad Railway Station.Image:Moradabad pic 11.JPG|Double Phatak.

External links

  • Moradabad (by the National Informatics Centre, Moradabad)


References

  1. http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770
  2. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Moradabad



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