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Lt. Gen. Mordechai "Motta" Gur ( , 6 May 193016 July 1995) was an Israelimarker politician and the 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF .

Gur was born in Jerusalemmarker and later joined the Haganah (the underground armed group of the Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine). He continued serving in a military capacity with the founding of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) during the Israeli War of Independence in 1948.

Military career

In the IDF, Gur served in the Paratroopers Brigade most of his career and became one of the symbols of the "red beret" brigade. During the 1950s he was a company commander under the command of Ariel Sharon. He was wounded during a counter-terror raid in Khan Yunismarker in 1955 and received a recommendation of honor from Chief of Staff Moshe Dayan. In 1957 he was appointed as adjutant to the brigade commander. After serving in this position Gur went to study at the École Militairemarker in Parismarker.

After he returned he was appointed as the commander of the Golani Brigade (1961-1963) and commanded the counter-terror raid in Nukiev. He brought over the traditions and attitude of the Paratroopers, raised morale, and helped instill an espirit de corps in Golani for which the brigade is still famous. In 1965 he was appointed as the head of the operations branch in the general staff of the IDF. He later also served as a commander of the IDF commanders' school.

In 1966 Gur was appointed as the commander of the 55th (Reserve) Paratroopers Brigade, which he led during the Six-Day War (1967). Gur and his troops were part of the assault force which wrested Jerusalemmarker from the Jordaniansmarker, and which were the first to visit the Western Wallmarker and the Temple Mountmarker. The pictures of paratroopers crying at the Wall and Gur's audio recording in the communication networks, "The Temple Mount is in our hands!" ( , Har HaBayit BeYadeinu!), became one of the most touching symbols of the war to the Israelimarker public.

After the war he was promoted to Brigadier General's rank and was appointed as the IDF commander in the Gaza Stripmarker and northern Sinai Peninsulamarker. In 1969 he was promoted to Major General and was appointed as the commander of the northern front, where Palestinian terrorists from the PLO, backed by Syriamarker attacked Israel's northern settlements. Gur led several counter-attacks to reign in the terror attacks, conquering the Shebaa farmsmarker from Syria in order to establish a defensive position to prevent border attacks.

From August 1972 to December 1973 he served as the IDF military attache at Israel's Washington D.C.marker, embassy. In January 1974 he was reappointed as the commander of the northern front.

Following the retirement of General David Elazar due to the criticism of the Agranat Commission he was appointed in April 1974 as the 10th IDF Chief of Staff. He served in that position until 1978.

Area 21, a military base in the Sharon plainmarker, was named in his name (Camp Mota Gur).

Civilian and political career

Following his retirement from the IDF, Gur was appointed as the general manager of Kur Mechanica company. In 1981 he was elected to the Knessetmarker as a member of the Alignment. Re-elected in 1984, he served as Minister of Health and was also a member of the Knesset's Security and Foreign Affairs Committee. Between 1986 and 1988 he served on the board of Solel Boneh, a construction company. In April 1988 he was appointed Minister without Portfolio, a position he retained following the 1988 elections until March 1990, when the Alignment pulled out of the coalition.

After Labour (which the Alignment had merged into) won the 1992 elections, Gur was appointed Deputy Minister of Defence, responsible for of preparing the Israeli economy for times of war and crisis and interacting with the Jewish settlers in West Bankmarker and Gaza Stripmarker.

Death

In 1995, Gur became ill with terminal cancer. Amidst great suffering he committed suicide with his personal handgun. He died on July 16, 1995 at the age of 65.

Bibliography

  • Har HaBayit BeYadeinu ( ), 1974.


See also



References

  1. Cancer drives Israeli deputy defense minister to end his life Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 21 July 1995


External links




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