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Moscow Time ( ) is the time zone for the city of Moscowmarker, Russiamarker and most of western Russia, including Saint Petersburgmarker. It is the second westernmost of the 11 time zones of Russia.

During the winter, between the last Sunday of October and the last Sunday of March, Moscow Standard Time (MSK, МСК) is 3 hours ahead of UTC, or UTC+3. During the summer, Moscow Time shifts forward an additional hour ahead of Moscow Standard Time to become Moscow Summer Time (MSD), making it UTC+4.

In accordance with the 16 June 1930 Decree of the Council of People's Commissars, the Decree Time was introduced by adding one hour to the time in each time zone of the USSRmarker, so that Moscow Time became three hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

Moscow Time is in use for scheduling trains, ships, etc. throughout the Russian Federationmarker, this time is registered in telegrams, etc. Times in Russia are often announced throughout the country on radio stations as Moscow Time. For scheduling Airplanes local time is used.


The section of European Russiamarker (the portion of Russia west of the Ural Mountainsmarker), which contains the city of Moscowmarker, use Moscow Time. In Kaliningrad Oblastmarker Eastern European Time (EET) = UTC+2 is used. Samara Oblast, and Udmurtia use Samara Time (UTC+4) instead of Moscow Time.

In the past, Moscow Time was used in the former European parts of the USSRmarker:

In 1922-30 and 1991-92 EET was used in Moscowmarker.

Moscow Summer Time

Like the rest of Europe, during the summer, Moscow Time shifts an hour forward to become UTC+4.

Since 1981, it has been used in the European section of the former USSRmarker: Moscow Summer Time was used briefly in Samara Oblast between 1989 and 1990.

Just as the city of Moscowmarker used EET in 1991-1992, it used EEST in the summer of 1991. By the summer of 1992, the city and the region reverted back to Moscow Time.

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