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Moss Side is an inner city, residential area and electoral ward of Manchestermarker, in Greater Manchestermarker, England. It lies south of Manchester city centremarker and has a population of around 11,000. Moss Side is bounded by the neighbourhoods of Hulmemarker, Rusholmemarker, Fallowfieldmarker, and Old Traffordmarker, on the north, east, south and west respectively.

Historically a part of Lancashiremarker, Moss Side was formerly a rural township and chapelry within the parish of Manchester and hundred of Salfordmarker. Following the Industrial Revolution there was a process of unplanned urbanisation and a rapid increase in population size. The industrial growth of the area resulted in a densely populated area, so much so, that a part of the township of Moss Side was amalgamated into the expanding city of Manchester in 1885, with the rest joining in 1904.

Moss Side is the home of a multi-ethnic community, the result of several waves of immigration to Britain. In the mid-19th century, Moss Side attracted Irish people fleeing the Great Famine. Migrants from the Indian subcontinent and Caribbeanmarker settled in the locality during the 1950s and 1960s, and by the 1980s Moss Side was the hub of Manchester's Afro-Caribbean community. Analysts trace the 1970s origins of Manchester's gang crime to social deprivation in the south-central part of the city—Hulme, Longsightmarker and Moss Side—where it was difficult to make money by legitimate means. A parallel trade in illegal narcotics and firearms gave rise to Manchester's nickname of "Gunchester". There were several high profile shootings associated with gangs and drugs in this area during the 1990s and into the 21st century, albeit at a declining rate.

In and around Moss Side are the public parks of Whitworth Parkmarker and Alexandra Parkmarker. Between 1923 and 2003, Moss Side was the location of Manchester City F.C.s stadium, at Maine Roadmarker. There are two breweries in Moss Side. The Royal Brewery brewed Kestrel, McEwan's and Harp Lager, but is now managed by Scottish and Newcastle for the production of Foster's Lager. Hydes Brewery brews traditional beers including Hydes' Bitter and the cask version of Boddingtons – the latter since the closure of the Strangeways Brewerymarker in 2005.

History

Mass development in Moss Side occurred at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries when large numbers of red brick terraced houses were built, and soon attracted numerous Irishmarker immigrants and other working people.

During the Manchester Blitz of World War II many of the terraced houses were damaged by German bombing on the night of December 22/23 1940.

Large numbers of West Indianmarker and Asian immigrants arrived in the area during the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1960s Manchester City Council demolished many of the Victorian and Edwardian terraced houses to the west of Moss Side and replaced these with new residential properties.

The Royal Brewery
In 1981 the Moss Side area was one of England's inner city areas affected by riots. From the early 1990s into the early 2000s it became associated with gun crime in south Manchester, and came to national attention, along with the neighbouring districts of Hulmemarker, Longsightmarker and Old Traffordmarker, for "turf wars" between rival drugs gangs, which resulted in a number of fatal shootings. During what has been termed the Madchester phase of the history of Manchester, narcotic trade in the city became "extremely lucrative" and in the early 1990s a gang war started between two groups vying for control of the market in Manchester city centremarker - the Cheetham Hill Gang and The Gooch Close Gang, in Cheetham Hillmarker and Moss Side respectively. During this period Manchester obtained a reputation for gun crime, and was nicknamed the "Bronx of Britain".

Many of the flats in Moss Side and neighbouring Hulmemarker were demolished in the late 1990s to make way for new low rise homes. Housing on the Alexandra Park Estate has been renovated and the streets redesigned to reduce the fear of crime.

Since the early 1990s there has been a steady rise in the Somalimarker population in the area as a result of people seeking asylum. In the 2000s, there has also been a concentration of Iraqimarker and Romanianmarker asylum seekers in Moss Side. The east of Moss Side is close to the Manchestermarker and Manchester Metropolitanmarker universities and is a popular area for students to live.

There are two breweries in Moss Side. The Royal Brewery brewed Kestrel, McEwan's and Harp Lager, but is now managed by Scottish and Newcastle for the production of Foster's Lager. Hydes Brewery brews traditional beers including Hydes' Bitter and the cask version of Boddingtons - the latter since the closure of the Strangeways Brewerymarker in 2005. The more widely available keg version of Boddingtons is no longer brewed in Manchester. Hydes also brews Harp laMoger under contract.

Governance

Manchester Centralmarker constituency is represented by the Labour Party MP Tony Lloyd.

Moss Side is a ward within the local authority of Manchester City Council. The ward is represented by Labour Councillors Sameen Ali, Alistair Cox and Roy Walters.

Geography

Great Western Street runs through the centre of Moss Side
Moss Side lies on the A5103 , the main road out of Manchester towards Northendenmarker, Manchester Airportmarker, the M56 motorway and Chestermarker. Parallel to this is Alexandra Road which continues as Alexandra Road South past Alexandra Park (Alexandra Road was formerly one of two main shopping streets in Moss Side). Landmarks on Princess Road are the Royal Brewery and the former Princess Road Bus Depot (built originally for the tramways in 1909).

The western border of the Moss Side Ward is bounded in part by Withington Road. Parts of the eastern border are bounded by Wilmslow Road, where it meets Whitworth Park, and Parkfield Street. To the south the border includes Alexandra Park, Horton Road and part of Platt Lane. To the north the ward border mainly runs along Moss Lane East..

The built environment of Moss Side is broadly characterised as a high-density residential area. This includes mainly Victorian and Edwardian terraces to the east and centre, with more recent developments, built in the 1970s to the west of Princess Road.

Moss Side has benefited from redevelopment and regeneration which has included improvement of the housing and residential environment. There has been substantial renovation of existing housing stock, such as local terrace housing and the Alexandra Park Estate (South Manchester Regeneration Team 2007). The former Maine Road site is currently being redeveloped, as housing, a health centre and a primary school, and it is planned to redevelop the area now occupied by the Stagecoach bus station and adjoining primary school.

The Moss Side Sports and Leisure Complex was upgraded for the 2002 Commonwealth Games and has a gym and a variety of other sporting facilities (north of Moss Lane West).

Demography

Moss Side Compared
UK Census 2001 Moss Side Manchestermarker England
Total population 10,977 441,200 49,138,831
Foreign born 36% 15% 9.2%
White 48% 81% 91%
Asian 9.0% 9.1% 4.6%
Black 32% 4.5% 2.3%
Christian 52% 62% 72%
Muslim 15% 9.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.7% 0.7% 1.1%
No religion 16% 16% 15%
Over 75 years old 3.9% 6.4% 7.5%
Unemployed 7.9% 5.0% 3.3%


According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 in the Moss Side electoral ward of Manchester there were 10,977 residents of which 48.41% were male and 51.59% were female. Compared against the demography of England, Moss Side is home to a diverse range of people.

Moss Side and neighbouring Hulme constitute the heart of Manchester's Black community and a number of commercial and social organisations which cater for the community are based in this area. Social organisations include the West Indian Sports and Social Club, the Chrysalis Project, and the nearby . Commercial organisations include Caribbean bakeries and patty shops, as well as grocery and clothes shops, mainly centred on Claremont and Princess Roads. The Caribbean Carnival of Manchester is held in Alexandra Park every August.

The Millennium Powerhouse Centre caters for 8-25 year olds and includes a music studio, fitness studio, dance studio, sports hall and offers information to young people along with recreational and sport groups. The Windrush Millennium Centre, which provides adult education and other community facilities, is on Alexandra Road.

Education

Manchester Academy school in Moss Side
In 2003, the Ducie High School was replaced by the with the aim of overcoming barriers to education and achievement faced by young people in the community. In April 2009, the Manchester Evening News reported the Academy has met with success in raising educational standards in the area, with, an above national average of, 62% of pupils achieving A-C grades at GCSE, in 2008, compared with 13% at the former Ducie High School..

The area has four primary schools: St Mary's Church of England, Claremont, St Edward's, and Bishop Bilsborrow Memorial Roman Catholic primary school..

St Edward's and Bishop Bilsborrow Memorial Roman Catholic primary schools are to be merged and replaced by a new primary school at the Maine Road development, now under construction.

The Windrush Millennium Centre on Alexandra Road provides facilities for courses of college and adult education, including some run by the City College Manchestermarker and Manchester College of Arts and Technology. Manchester City Council runs the Greenheys Adult Learning Centre on Upper Lloyd Street.

Religion

St James's Church, Princess Road, was built in 1887-88 (architect John Lowe): of red brick in the Perpendicular revival style. The former Swedenborgian Church is also of 1888 and neo-Gothic in style.

Sports

From 1923, Moss Side was the location of Manchester City F.C.'s stadium at Maine Roadmarker which on several occasions in its early years drew crowds of more than 80,000. However its capacity was gradually reduced over the years and by the mid-1990s it held just under 35,000 spectators all seated. Plans to rebuild the stadium to seat 45,000 were abandoned in favour of moving to the City of Manchester Stadiummarker. Maine Road has since been demolished and a mixed development of two-, three-, and four-bedroom houses, flats, a health centre and a primary school is being built on the site.

Notable people

The author Anthony Burgess, although born in Harpurheymarker, lived in Moss Side as a child.The political activist Emmeline Pankhurst was born in the Moss Side area of Manchester.

Notes

  1. South Manchester Regeneration Team: Moss Side and Rusholme District Centre Local Plan, page 35. Manchester: Manchester City Council, 2007.
  2. South Manchester Regeneration Team: Moss Side and Rusholme District Centre Local Plan, page 52. Manchester: Manchester City Council, 2007.
  3. Manchester City Council: School Finder: Moss Side
  4. Manchester City Council: Greenheys Adult Learning Centre
  5. Pevsner, N. (1969) Lancashire: 1. Penguin Books; pp. 333-334
  6. Ratcliffe, Michael (2007) Anthony Burgess. In: "The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press
  7. The birth indexes for the December Quarter of 1858 for the Chorlton registration district (vol. 8c, p.529) record her name as Emiline Goulden, but she never seems to have used that spelling.


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