Mossynoikoi "dwellers in wooden towers"
of the Euxine
Sea applied it to the peoples of Pontus, the northern Anatolian coast west of Trebizond.
soon after 430 BCE, Herodotus in Book 3
cites the Mossynoeci, along with the Moschoi, Tibareni, the
Macrones and Mares as comprising the 19th satrapy established by Darius
satrapy as a whole was to yield three hundred talents.
According to Xenophon
, the Mossynoeci were "fair-complexioned
and white-skinned", "with their backs variegated and their breasts
tattooed with patterns of all sorts of flowers". The Mossynoeci
accepted the rule of a common metropolis.
described that he had led his troops through Mossynoeci territory
during the spring after the battle of Cunaxa, so 400
During this time the Mossynoeci also ruled over the
. When Xenophon was at Trebizond,
those Mossynoeci in the vicinity had fallen out of favor with those
of the metropolis; so Xenophon's army attacked the metropolis and
defeated its king.
It is possible that the town Mossyna
named for them.