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Mougins is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimesmarker department in south-eastern Francemarker. It is located on the heights of Cannesmarker, in the district of Grassemarker. Mougins is a 15 minute drive from Cannes. The village is surrounded by forests, such as the Valmasque forest. In the village there are pines, olives, and Cyprus trees.

History

The hilltop of Mougins has been occupied since the pre-Roman period. Ancient Ligurian tribes who inhabited the coastal area between Provence and Tuscany, were eventually absorbed into the spread of the Roman Empire and then became part of an official Ligurian state that was created by Emperor Augustus (X Regio). The Liguruian area withstood several invasions during the Byzantine period, before the City of Genoa took firm control over the Ligurian region between the 11th and 15th centuries.Much of the centre of the 'old' village dates back to this period, as in the 11th century the Count of Antibes gave the Mougins hillside to the Monks of Saint Honorat (from the nearby Iles de Lerins just off the coast of Cannes) who continued to administer the village until the French Revolution. During this period, Mougins was a fortified village surrounded by ramparts and parts of the Medieval city wall still exist as well as one of the three original ancient gate towers (Porte Sarrazine). During the 18th century War of Succession with Austria, the village was plundered by the Austro-Sardinian Armies and damaged by fire. Following this, some of the ramparts were deconstructed and several new little streets of early eighteenth century houses were built. During the 19th Century, the village was a centre of floral production, producing Lavender, Roses and Jasmine for the perfumeries in near-by Grasse. Mougins is a living village, where both the ancient buildings and the eighteenth century houses are inhabited as they have always been.

The Church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur is situated in the heart of the village and dates back to the 11th Century, although the interior has been remodeled in the 20th Century.

During the 20th Century, Mougins has been frequented and inhabited by many artists and celebrities over the years, including Pablo Picasso, Jean Cocteau, Fernand Léger, Francis Picabia, Man Ray, Arman, Yves Klein, César Baldaccini, Paul Eluard, Yves Saint Laurent, Christian Dior, Winston Churchill, Catherine Deneuve, Edith Piaf and Jacques Brel, to name but a few. Pablo Picasso spent the last 12 years of his life living in Mougins (1961-1973), where he died. He lived in a 'mas' (farmhouse) at Notre-Dame-de-Vie, which is a small hilltop just beside the old village of Mougins and next to the 12th-century chapel of the same name.

Given it's close proximity to Cannes, Mougins is also often the tourist destination for Hollywood stars during the Cannes Film Festival. Dame Elizabeth Taylor hosted the 'amfAR' AIDS Charity dinner for the Hollywood Elite for almost 10 years until 2008 at the restaurant 'Moulin de Mougins', which is housed in an old mill at the base of the hill of the ancient village of Mougins.

The village has a strong culinary history with such great chefs as Roger Vergé and Alain Ducasse having run restaurants in the Village. Since 2006, Mougins also now hosts the annual 'International Gastronomy Festival of Mougins', or 'Les Etoiles de Mougins', which has now become an important international gastronomic event taking place every September.

Commandant Amédée-François Lamy, was born in Mougins in Feb 1858, and died at the battle of Kousséri in Chad in April 1900. Fort-Lamy in Chad was named after him, but was renamed N'Djamena in 1973. The main 'Place' in the village is named after Commandant Lamy and the back-street village house that he was born in has a plaque to show where he lived.

Amenities

The Museum of Photography in Mougins has a permanent collection of photographic portraits of Picasso, as well as many other artists of the period.

The Mougins Museum of Classical Art will be open in late 2010. It will display a private collection of around three hundred two-thousand-year-old Roman and Greek antiquities which will be shown alongside a collection of modern and contemporary art with a classical Roman and Ancient Greek subject matter.

Mougins is also famous for its high quality golf courses, including the Royal Mougins Golf Resort and the Cannes-Mougins Golf Club.

Mougins has kept the quality of its environment intact and offers visitors, from the height of 260 metres, a 360 degree view of the Cote D'Azur. To the South, one views the Mediterranean Sea, including the "baie de Cannes" and the Lérins islands. To the North West, one looks over the ancient village of Grasse, famous for its perfumeries, and to the North East one has a clear view of the stunning mountains of the Maritime Alps (Préalpes). While the village is also surrounded by the Valmasque Forest, which covers 427 Hactares.

Education

Mougins School is an international school that was established in 1964.

Mayors

Identity F. Tajasque Laumbre-Delanoy J. Sauvan André Bailet Maillan Roger Duhalde Richard Galy
Period 1904-1905 193?-195r 195?-196? 196?-196? 196?-1970 1970-2001 2001-2014
Political party Gaullist RPR UMP


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