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Entrance to Mount Herzl cemetery


Mount Herzl, ( , Har Hertzel; also Har HaZikaron, הר הזכרון lit. "Mount of Memory"), is a hilltop and national cemetery in Jerusalemmarker, Israelmarker named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Herzl's tomb lies at the top of the hill. Yad Vashemmarker, which commemorates the Holocaust, lies to the west of Mt. Herzl.

History

In the summer of 1949 it was decided that a cemetery was needed for national figures and fallen IDF soldiers. Several years later was it decided to bury police officers and other security force personnel on Mt. Herzl.

Mt. Herzl is the burial place of three of Israel's prime ministers: Levi Eshkol, Golda Meir and Yitzhak Rabin (who is buried beside his wife Leah). Israeli presidents are also buried on Mt. Herzl, as are other prominent Jewish and Zionist leaders.

Deciding who merits burial on Mt. Herzl has been controversial at times. For example, the decision to bury Ze'ev Jabotinsky, who died in 1940, on Mt. Herzl, was fiercely opposed by many Labour Party stalwarts, who claimed that Jabotinsky was an ultra-right nationalist undeserving of such an honour. Only in 1964 did Prime Minister Levi Eshkol decide in favor of burying him there, in the interest of promoting national reconciliation and setting aside political grievances.

Mt. Herzl is the venue for many commemorative events and national celebrations.

Military cemetery

Israel's main military cemetery is located on the northern slope of Mt. Herzl. Soldiers who have fallen in the line of duty are buried there.

Herzl's grave

In 1903, Theodor Herzl wrote in his will:
"I wish to be buried in a metal coffin next to my father, and to remain there until the Jewish people will transfer my remains to Eretz Israel. The coffins of my father, my sister Pauline, and of my close relatives who will have died until then will also be transferred there."
When Herzl died a year later, he was interred in Viennamarker. It was only in 1949, 45 years later, that Herzl's remains were brought to Israel and reinterred in Jerusalem. The location of the burial site was selected by a special state commission. Sixty-three entries were submitted in the competition for the design of the tombstone. The winner was Joseph Klarwein's design, consisting of an unadorned black granite stone inscribed with the name Herzl. Since 1951, Mt. Herzl has served as Israel's national cemetery.

Despite Herzl's explicit wishes, his children were not buried beside him. For various reasons, the remains of his son and daughter were only brought to Israel in 2006. A third daughter was murdered in the Holocaust and her place of burial remains unknown. Herzl's only grandson was reinterred on Mt. Herzl in December 2007. Herzl's parents and sister are also buried at Mount Herzl.

Herzl museum

A new interactive museum on Mt. Herzl offers a glimpse into the life of Theodor Herzl, the man behind the dream of a Jewish homeland.

See also



References

  1. j. - Who deserves burial on Israel's Mt. Herzl?
  2. Show Results
  3. Theodor Herzl's only grandson reinterred in J'lem cemetery - Haaretz - Israel News
  4. j. - New Herzl Museum tells story of man behind Zionist dream

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