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Mount Oeta
Mount Oeta ( , also transcribed as Oita, Oite or Iti) is a mountain to the south of Central Greece, in Greecemarker, forming a boundary between the valleys of the Spercheiusmarker and the Boeotian Cephissus. It is an offshoot of the Pindusmarker range, high. In its eastern portion, called Callidromus, it comes close to the sea, leaving only a narrow passage known as the famous pass of Thermopylaemarker. There was also a high pass to the west of Callidromus leading over into the upper Cephissus valley.

In mythology Oeta is chiefly celebrated as the scene of Heracles' death. Prepared to die, he ascended Mount Oeta, where he built a funeral pile of trees, gave his bow and arrows to Poeas, father of Philoctetes, and laid himself down on the pile, his head resting on his club, and his lion's skin spread over him, and commanded Philoctetes to apply the torch to the pyre.

Milton thus alludes to the frenzy of Hercules:As when Alcides (i.e., Hercules) from Oechalia crownedWith conquest, felt the envenomed robe, and tore,Through pain, up by the roots Thessalian pinesAnd Lichas from the top of Oeta threwInto the Euboic Sea.


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