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This page is about a hospital in New York. For other uses, please see disambiguation pages for Mount Sinai or Mount Sinai Hospital. For the school in New York City, please see Mount Sinai School of Medicinemarker.

Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United Statesmarker. In 2009, Mount Sinai Hospital was ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. by U.S. News & World Report in 11 specialties.

Located on the eastern border of Central Park, at 100th Street and Fifth Avenuemarker, in New York City'smarker Manhattanmarker, Mount Sinai has a number of hospital affiliates in the New York metropolitan areamarker, and an additional campus, the Mount Sinai Hospital of Queensmarker.

The hospital is also affiliated with one of the foremost centers of medical education and biomedical research, Mount Sinai School of Medicinemarker, which opened in September 1968. Together, the two comprise the Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Awards and recognition

  • Two hundred and forty-three Mount Sinai doctors were included in New York Magazine's "Best Doctors" issue from 2007.

  • The American Society for Bariatric Surgery named Mount Sinai a "Surgery Center of Excellence."

  • The 2004 Magnet Award for Nursing Excellence was awarded to Mount Sinai – the only full-service hospital in Manhattan to have received such recognition.

  • In 2006 Mount Sinai and its advertising agency, DeVito/Verdi, took home the highest honors at the 23rd Annual Healthcare Advertising Awards. The campaign was awarded top prize in the Large Hospitals Group for three different categories: Magazine, Billboard and Radio.

Areas of concentration

Specialty Condition
Heart Cardiomyopathy, Congestive heart failure, Mitral regurgitation, Angina, Arrhythmias, Aortic aneurysm, Mitral valve prolapse, Heart Attack, Atrial fibrillation, Septal defects
Brain Epilepsy, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Cerebral palsy, Arteriovenous malformations, Alzheimer’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Brain cancer
Organ Transplants Renal failure, Liver cirrhosis, Cystic fibrosis, Short gut syndrome, Congestive heart failure, Primary pulmonary hypertension, Laryngeal cancer,
Cancer Melanoma, Breast cancer, Lung cancer, Wilms tumor, Glioma, Colorectal cancer, Gastric cancer,Hepatoma, Esophageal cancer, Pheochromocytoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Ovarian cancer
Gastrointestinal Conditions Gastric ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Food allergy, Spastic colon, Gallstones
Women Anorexia nervosa, Breast cancer, Heart attack, Osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, Colorectal cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Human papillomavirus, Iron-deficiency anemia
Children Obesity, Congestive heart failure, Asthma, Myocarditis, Hypothyroidism, Food allergy, Juvenile diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, Sleep apnea
Bone, Joint and Spine Tennis elbow, Anterior cruciate ligament, Torn meniscus, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Chondromalacia patella, Scoliosis, Bone fracture, Rotator cuff injury, Herniated disk, Osteoarthritis, Bunion, Spinal stenosis
Rehabilitation Medicine Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal cord injury, Stroke, Anoxic brain injury, Amputee, Fluroscopic guided spinal injection, Acupuncture, Joint replacement
Palliative Care Breast cancer, Pancreatic cancer, Lung cancer, Emphysema, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Colorectal cancer, Coma, Alzheimer’s disease, Renal failure, AIDS, Liver cirrhosis, Brain Cancer
HIV/AIDS Toxoplasmosis, Hepatitis C, Tuberculosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Aspergillosis
Diabetes Obesity, Cardiomyopathy, Cholecystitis, Kidney failure, Diabetic foot ulcer, Coma, Atherosclerosis, Enuresis, Gangrene


"Firsts" at Mount Sinai Hospital

A significant number of diseases were first described at Mount Sinai Hospital in the last 150+ years including Brill's disease, Buerger's disease, Churg-Strauss disease, collagen disease, Crohn's disease, eosinophilic granuloma of bone, Glomus Jugulare Tumor, Libman-Sacks disease, Moschcowitz disease, and Tay-Sachs disease.

Other "firsts" include:

Significant events

Date Event
1855 “The Jews’ Hospital” opens for patients on June 5.
1866 To free itself of racial or religious distinction, The Jews' Hospital changes it name to “The Mount Sinai Hospital.”
1872 First women appointed to professional positions.
1886 The Eye and Ear Service is created; Dr. Josephine Walter, the first American woman to serve a formal internship, is granted a diploma.
1908 Dr. Rueben Ottenberg is the first to perform blood transfusions with routine compatibility test and to point out that blood groups are hereditary.
1919 Dr. I.C. Rubin introduces the use of peruterine insufflation of the fallopian tubes for the diagnosis and treatment of sterility in women.
1928 Dr. Moses Swick develops a method for introducing radio-opaque media into the blood stream for visualization of the urinary tract.
1932 Crohn's Disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine, is identified by Drs. Burrill Crohn, Leon Ginzburg and Gordon D. Oppenheimer.
1938 The nation’s second blood bank is created.
1955 The Jack Martin Respirator Center admits its first polio patients.
1962 Dr. Arthur Grishman receives the first medical data, a cardiogram, transmitted successfully via the telephone lines.
1963 The New York State Board of Regents grants a charter for the establishment of a school of medicine.
1968 The Graduate School of Biological Sciences admits its first students.
1974 The Adolescent Health Center is established – the first primary care program in New York designed specifically for the needs of adolescents.
1982 The Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development is created – the first such department in an American medical school.
1989 The Center for Excellence in Youth Education is established.
1992 The Department of Human Genetics is established.


As U.S. cities grew more crowded in the mid-19th Century, philanthropist Sampson Simson (b 1780, d 1857) founded a hospital to address the needs of New York's rapidly growing Jewish immigrant community. It was the second Jewish hospital in the United States.

The Jews' Hospital, as it was then called, was built on 28th Street in Manhattan, between 7th & 8th Avenuesmarker, on land donated by Simson; it opened two years before Simson's death. Four years later, it would be unexpectedly filled to capacity with soldiers from the Civil War.

The Jews' Hospital felt the effects of the escalating Civil War in other ways, as staff doctors and board members were called in to service: Dr. Israel Moses served four years as Lieutenant Colonel in the 72nd; Joseph Seligman had to resign as a member of the Board of Directors as he was increasingly called upon by President Lincoln for advice on the country's growing financial crisis.

The Draft Riots of 1863 again strained the resources of the new hospital, as draft inequities and a shortage of qualified men increased racial tensions in New York City. As the Jews' Hospital struggled to tend to the many wounded, outside its walls over one hundred men, women and children were killed in the riots.

More and more, the Jews' hospital was finding itself an integral part of the general community. In 1866, to reflect this new-found role, it changed its name.

Now called Mount Sinai Hospital, the institution forged relationships with prescient 19th century medical scholars, including Henry N. Heineman, Frederick S. Mandelbaum, Charles A. Elsberg, Emanuel Libman, Alma de Leon Hendriks, Kate Rich, and, most significantly, Abraham Jacobi, a champion of construction at the hospital's new site on Manhattan's Upper East Sidemarker in 1904.

The early 20th century saw the population of New York City explode. That, coupled with many new discoveries at Mount Sinai (including significant advances in blood transfusions and the first portable anesthesia apparatus), meant that Mount Sinai's pool of doctors and experts was in increasing demand. From 1905 to 1911, inpatient and outpatient visits doubled. A $1.35 million expansion of the hospital (equivalent to over 30 million in 2008 based on historical consumer price indexes) raced to keep pace with demand.

With tensions in Europe escalating, a committee dedicated to finding placements for doctors fleeing Nazi Germany was founded in 1933. With the help of the National Committee for the Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, Mount Sinai Hospital became a new home for a large number of émigrés.

When war broke out, Mount Sinai was the first hospital to throw open its doors to Red Crossmarker nurses' aides; the hospital trained thousands in its effort to reduce the nursing shortage in the States. Meanwhile, the President of the Medical Board, George Baehr, was called by President Roosevelt to serve as the nation's Chief Medical Director of the Office of Civilian Defense.

These wartime roles would be eclipsed, however, when the men and women of Mount Sinai's Third General Hospital set sail for Casablancamarker, eventually setting up a 1,000 bed hospital in war-torn Tunisiamarker. Before moving to tend to the needs of soldiers in Italymarker and Francemarker, the unit had treated more than 5,000 wounded soldiers.

Since the relative peace following World War II, Mount Sinai has welcomed the first graduating class of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (in 1970); the 1980s saw a $500 million hospital expansion, including the construction of the Guggenheim Pavilion, the first medical facility designed by I.M. Pei; and it has made significant contributions to gene therapy, cardiology, immunotherapy, organ transplants, cancer treatments and minimally invasive surgery.

Noteworthy individuals

Famous patients

Famous benefactors

  • Martha Stewart started the Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mount Sinai Hospital. The center promotes access to medical care and offers support to caregivers needing referrals or education.
  • Henry Kravis and wife Marie-Josée Kravis donated $15 million to establish the "Center for Cardiovascular Health" as well as funding a Professorship.
  • Carl Icahn made a substantial donation; a large building primarily devoted to research was renamed from the "East Building" to the "Icahn Medical Institute."

Famous staff

  • Jacob M. Appel, bioethicist and liberal commentator
  • Burrill Bernard Crohn, an American gastroenterologist and one of the first to describe the disease of which he is the namesake, Crohn's disease.
  • Irving B. Goldman, first president of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 1964.
  • Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist who is regarded as the father of modern immunology.
  • Jonas Salk, inventor of the polio vaccine, worked as a staff physician at Mount Sinai after medical school
  • Abraham Jacobi

Further reading


External links

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