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Muhammad Husayn Haykal (Arabic: ) (August 20, 1888December 8 1956) was an Egyptian writer, journalist, politician and Minister of Education in Egyptmarker.


Heikal was born in Mansouramarker, Ad Daqahliyahmarker in 1888. He obtained a B.A. in Law in 1909 and a JD from the Sorbonne Universitymarker in 1912. After returning to Egypt, he worked as a lawyer for 10 years, then as a journalist. He was elected as editor-in-chief of Al Siyasa newspaper, the organ of "The constitutional Tory party" for which he was also an advisor. In 1937, he was appointed as Minister of State for the Interior Ministry in the Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha's second government. Then he was appointed as a Minister of Education where he introduced several reforms, including decentralization, by establishing educational zones and making programs and curricula nationally oriented. He was greatly influenced and inspired by the comprehensive reforms of Mohammad Abduh, Ahmad Lutfy El Sayed and Qasim Amin. Haikal is the father of Fayza Haikal who teaches Arabic language courses at the American University in Cairo.

He died in 1956.


His works include:


  • Heykal from Egypt state information service.

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