Murmansk Oblast ( ,
Murmanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the north-western part of
Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk.
Geographically it is located mainly on the
Peninsula, and it is a
part of the larger Lapland region
that spans over four countries. Murmansk Oblast
borders Karelia, Finnmark County in Norway and Lapland
Province in Finland.
County in Sweden is also
located nearby(300 km).
Murmansk Oblast is located in the Moscow
+0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
As of the 2002 Census
of the oblast's population live in urban areas. The most populous city
is the Oblast's administrative center, Murmansk, with
336,137 inhabitants. Other large cities and towns include Severomorsk, Apatity, Kandalaksha, Monchegorsk, and Kirovsk.
According to the (2002
), the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:
Vital statistics in 2007
- Birth rate: 10.18 per 1000 (average for Russia is 11.30)
- Death rate: 11.68 per 1000
- Net migration: -5.6 per 1000
- NGR: -0.15% per annum
- PGR: -0.71% per annum
Vital statistics for 2008
- Births: 9,136
- Deaths: 10,173
The Murmansk Oblast is very rich in natural resources and has
deposits of over 700 minerals. The main industries of the region
are in the sphere of raw material extraction and basic processing.
The largest industries are metallurgy (36,6%), electric
power-production (22,9%) and food-industry, including fishing
(13,7%). The icefree port of Murmansk plays an important role in
marine transportation in Russia, and the oblast has a 41% share of
the total Russian marine transport market. The fishing industry is
among the most profitable in the region, supplying 16% of Russia's
total fish production. Murmansk is key base for three fishing
fleets, including Russia's largest, Murmansk Trawl Fleet
The economy of the region is export-oriented. Main export items are
nickel products, apatite concentrate, copper and copper products,
aluminium and ferrous metals. The Murmansk Region produces almost
100 percent of Russia's apatite concentrate (3.7 million tons in
1998), 43 percent of nickel, 15 percent of copper, 12 percent of
iron ore and iron ore concentrate (17.7 million and 6.4 million
tons in 1998), and 40 percent of cobalt.
largest companies of the region - constituting 90% of the oblast's
production - are Pechenganickel,
Olcon, the Kola Nuclear Power Plant, Sevrybkholodflot,
Murmanrybprom, Murmansk Trawl Fleet and Murmansk Shipping
Large oil and gas resources have been discovered on the shelf of
the Barents sea, including the massive Shtokman field
- one of the world's largest
gas fields with estimated reserves of 3.8 trillion cubic meters.
Prospective oil fields could potentially yield up to 40 million
tons in the next 10-15 years. However, the development of the oil
and gas resources will require considerable investment.
In 2006, the Murmansk Oblast's gross regional product
billion rubles, which amounts to about 0.4% of the Russian GDP.
Unemployment in 2006 was 3,4%. GRP pro capita in 2007 was 225 044
Law and Government