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(PA – 28) General Musa Khan Hazara H.Pk., HJ, HQA, MBE, IDC, psc (موسى خان) (1991-1908) was the Commander in Chief of Pakistan's Army. He succeeded Field Marshal Ayub Khan, who assumed the Presidency of Pakistanmarker.

He was the eldest son of Sardar Yazdan Khan, born in a Hazara Shia Muslim family in Quettamarker, he was from the Sardar family of the Hazara tribe in Balochistanmarker, Pakistanmarker. He was a Naik (Junior Non-Commissioned Officer) in the 106th Hazara Pioneers and went to the Indianmarker Military Academy in Dehra Dunmarker as a cadet and graduated with the first batch of the British Indian commissioned officers on 1 February 1935. He was posted to the 6th Royal Battalion,the 13th Frontier Force Rifles as a Platoon Commander in 1936. He took part in the Waziristan Operations in 1936-1938 and in World War II, where he served in North Africa. He served with distinction in the Pakistani Army and rose to the rank of the commander in chief of Pakistan Armed Forces during President Mohammad Ayub Khan’s regime (1958-1969). His promotion to commander-in-chief saw supersession of two seniors: Maj Gen Sher Ali Khan and Maj Gen Latif Khan, both Sandhurstmarker graduates of 1933.

After Gen. Musa retired from the army, President Ayub Khan appointed him as the Governor of West Pakistan from 1967 to 1969. After serving for a few years, he retired and settled in Karachimarker. In 1987, he was once again involved in politics. He was appointed Governor of Balochistan Province by the then President General Zia-ul-Haq. In Balochistan, Governor; General (Retd) Musa dissolved the provincial assembly in December 1988. However, the Balochistan High Court restored the assembly amid public condemnation of Governor's move. The step towards dissolving the assembly was believed to have been taken with the consent of the President and Prime Minister.

General Mohammed Musa commanded the Army in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and had overall responsibility for operations throughout the conflict. As Army Chief, he was criticised for not anticipating an assault across the international border. However he was given credit for blunting the Indian offensive towards Sialkotmarker during the Battle of Chawinda. He has narrated the events and experiences of the war in his book "My Version". In the book he has given accounts of the secret war that was going on in Kashmir between the two countries, long before the real war actual began.

General Musa Khan is the author of his autobiography, Jawan to General in which he describes his lifetime experiences from a simple foot-soldier rising to become a general.

He died on 12 March 1991 in Quettamarker.


  1. Brig A.R. Siddiqui. "Army's top slot: the seniority factor" Dawn, 25 April 2004

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