- For people surnamed Musaeus, see Musäus. Musaeus is also a spider genus (Thomisidae).
) was the name
attributed to three Greek poets
Pupil of Orpheus
Musaeus was a mythical seer
and priest, the pupil or son of Orpheus, and
was said to have been the founder of priestly poetry in Attica.
According to Pausanias
, he was buried on the
Museum Hill, south-west of the Acropolis
. He composed dedicatory and
and prose treatises, and
oracular responses. These were collected and arranged in the time
, who added interpolations.
and oracular verses and customs of Attica, especially of Eleusis, are
connected with his name (Herodotus
6; viii. 96; ix. 43): for example, Eumolpia
are also attributed to
him by Gottfried Kinkel
(Epicorum graecorum fragmenta
, 1878). Herodotus reports that, during the reign of
Peisistratus at Athens, the scholar
Onomacritus was charged with compiling
the oracles of Musaeus, but that he inserted forgeries of his own
devising, which were detected by Lasus
Musaeus was an Ephesian attached to
the court of the kings of Pergamon, who
wrote a Perseis, and poems on Eumenes and Attalus
I (Suda s.v.).
(also called Grammaticus
in all of the manuscripts) is of uncertain date, but probably
belongs to the beginning of the 6th century, as his style and metre
are evidently modelled on those of Nonnus
must have lived before Agathias
and has been identified with the friend of Procopius
whose poem (340 hexameter lines) on the
story of Hero and Leander
is by far
the most beautiful of the age (editions by Franz Passow
, 1810; G. H. Schafer
, 1825; C.
, 1874). The little love-poem
Alpheus and Arethusa
ix. 362) is
also ascribed to Musaeus.