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Musgrove Mill State Historic Site was the site of the Battle of Musgrove Millmarker, an action in the American Revolution, which occurred on August 19, 1780 near the Enoree River, on what (in the twenty-first century) is the border between Spartanburgmarker, Laurensmarker and Unionmarker Counties in South Carolina, approximately seven miles from Interstate 26.

In the summer of 1780, a group of 200 Patriot militiamen attempted to strike what they thought was an equal number of Loyalists camped near a ford on the Enoree River. The Loyalists, however, had recently been joined by 300 more, two hundred of them provincial regulars from the British post at Ninety Sixmarker, South Carolina. Once discovered, the Patriots were unable to either retreat or make a frontal assault. Instead they took up a position behind logs and brush on a nearby ridge and lured the Loyalists into attacking them. A fierce fight ensued and turned into a near rout for the Loyalists. Nevertheless, when the Patriot militia learned that American forces had been defeated three days before at the Battle of Camdenmarker, they also retreated.

The battle site was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1975. The park includes a visitor center with interpretive exhibits, a memorial to the legendary Mary Musgrove (featured in a popular early nineteenth-century novel), two marked trails, a picnic area, a fishing pond, a canoe launch, and a small waterfall.

References

  1. John Buchanan, The Road to Guilford Courthouse: The American Revolution in the Carolinas (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997), 176-80; Walter Edgar, Partisans and Redcoats: The Southern Conflict That Turned the Tide of the American Revolution (New York: HarperCollins, 2001), 114-15.
  2. A National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination document should be available upon request from the National Park Service for this site, but it appears not to be available on-line from the NPS Focus search site. An online version should also be available from the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
  3. Park website. Substantial waterfalls are unusual in this part of the state.


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