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A Mushir ( ) (Marshal) is the highest rank in most militaries of the Middle East. It is the equivalent to the ranks of General of the Army, Field Marshal, and Fleet Admiral.


Iraqi navy insignia
In Iraqmarker, during the reign of Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi Navy maintained a Fleet Admiral rank known as Mushir. A Mushir was the senior of all Naval officers and the rank was rarely bestowed. The sleeve insignia was the same as a British Admiral of the Fleet.However the rank of Mushir in Iraq is known as "Muhib" & the latter is used in all official & non-official addressing.Saddam Hussein, being the commander in chief of the armed forces was an honorary staff muhib"مهيب ركن" in the Iraqi Army and the uniform which he typically wore was that of a staff muhib. He was the only muhib in the Iraqi army as the minister of defence & the chief of staff held the rank of Fariq awal rukun"فريق اول ركن"ie, staff general. Hussein, however, never actually served in the Iraqi Army but commanded by default as the country's dictator. After his fall in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the rank of Mushir became obsolete in the new Iraqi military.

See also: List of Egyptian Field Marshals

Saudi Arabia

In Saudi Arabiamarker, the rank of Mushir is typically held ceremonially by the Saudi Royal Family , and translated as "First class Field Marshal".


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