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Myles Byrne (1780 – 1862) was a leader in the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and chef de bataillon in Napoleon’s Irish Legion.

Early life

Myles (or 'Miles') Byrne was born in the townland of Ballylusk near Monaseedmarker, County Wexfordmarker, Irelandmarker, 20 March 1780, into a Catholic family.

1798 Rebellion & Aftermath

Byrne participated in preparations for the 1798 Rebellion, fought at Oulart, Enniscorthy, the Battle of Clough (or Battle of Tubberneering), the Battle of Arklow, the Battle of Vinegar Hillmarker, Castlecomer and Ballygullen. He was aged only 18 years at the time. After the Wexford Rebellion was over, he joined Michael Dwyer and Joseph Holt in the Wicklow mountains, continuing to fight on. Next he settled in Dublinmarker. While there he was also involved in the Emmet Rebellion (1803).

In his Memoirs he describes a meeting he arranged between Robert Emmet and Thomas Cloney (of Moneyhore, Co.marker Wexfordmarker) at Harold's Crossmarker Green, Dublinmarker, just prior to Emmet's Rebellion:

"I can never forget the impression this meeting made on me at the time - to see two heroic patriots, equally devoted to poor Ireland, discussing the best means of obtaining her freedom."

France, the Irish Brigade, and Memoirs

Shortly after this he escaped to Francemarker. In Francemarker he eventually became Brigadier General and leader of Napoleon’s Irish Brigade, and was awarded the Legion of Honour. He fought in Spainmarker and Greecemarker. In his later years he wrote his memoirs, Memoirs of Miles Byrne, which are an account of his participation in the Irish rebellion and his time in the Irish Brigade. These were first published in three volumes in 1863 (under the direction of his widow, Fanny), but there have been many subsequent reprints.

Stephen Gwynn who edited and published a new edition of Byrne’s Memoirs in 1907 stated in his Introduction to Volume 1:

“I owe my acquaintance with these Memoirs to Mr. John Dillon, who spoke of them as the best of all books dealing with Ireland; and a reading of the volumes left me inclined to agree with him.”

For those areas and battles that it covers, Byrne's is the best source for the 1798 Rebellion.

In Parismarker, Byrne frequently met many other 'exiled' Irish - including Thomas Addis Emmet (brother of the above Robert) and James Devereux (of Carrigmannon, Co.marker Wexfordmarker).

Marriage

Byrne was married (1835) in Parismarker to Fanny Horner (originally from George Square, Edinburghmarker, Scotlandmarker) but they had no children. She is not so well known, as few details emerge about her in Byrne's Memoirs. However, she was a Presbyterian, and this may partially explain the void. Fanny Horner's father was John Horner, a "merchant of Edinburgh", and her mother was Joanna Baillie. They were married 6 October 1776. She had 3 brothers and 2 sisters. One of her brothers was Francis Horner (1778 - 1817), a well known Whig MP, and another was Leonard Horner (1785 - 1864), a well known Scottish geologist.

Photo

There is a photograph of Byrne facing opposite page 185 in Nicholas Furlong's "Fr. John Murphy of Boolavogue: 1753-1798" (Dublin, 1991). According to the author, it was taken in Paris in 1859.

John Mitchel visited Byrne when he was 80 years old and described him as "One of those rare beings who never grow old".

Death

Miles Byrne died at his house in the Rue Montaigne (now Rue Jean Mermoz, 8th arrondissementmarker, near Champs-Élyséesmarker), Parismarker, Friday, 24 January 1862, and was buried in Montmartre Cemeterymarker. His grave there is marked by a Celtic Cross - but this headstone appears to be a replacement for an earlier one, the new headstone being erected sometime in the 1950s. The inscription to his original headstone appears in his Memoirs.

References

  • Miles Byrne (1780-1862) - Memoirs of Miles Byrne (1863).
  • Nicholas Furlong, "Fr. John Murphy of Boolavogue: 1753-1798" (Dublin, 1991).
  • Stephen Gwynn (ed.), "Memoirs of Miles Byrne - edited by his Widow", 2 vols. (Dublin & London, 1907).
  • K. Wkelan (ed) & W. Nolan (assoc. ed.), "Wexford: History and Society" (Dublin: Geography Publications, 1987).
  • Leonard Horner (ed.), "Memoirs and Correspondence of Francis Horner, M.P." (Boston, 1853).



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