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Nagaur is a city in the state of Rajasthanmarker in Indiamarker. It is the administrative headquarters of Nagaur District. The Nagaur city lies about midway between Jodhpurmarker and Bikanermarker. It was founded by the Naga Kshatriyas. It is also known as the village "Khatwan".

History

Nagaur finds mention even in the Mahabharata. The kingdom of Ahichhatrapur which Arjuna is said to have conquered and subsequently offered to his Guru Dronacharya, was perhaps some of the area of the Nagaur district. It was the capital of Jangaldesh. The foundation of city dates back to 4th century BC. Naga originally ruled over this place and about 7th century onwards the Chauhans became the overlords of Nagaur and it was included in Sapadalaksha.

Nagaur city was at the centre of Muslim invasion from Central Asia. The Nagaur fort is the famous place of historical importance.

About Nagaur district

Glorified by the bards, the history of Nagaur finds mention even in the Mahabharata. The kingdom of Ahichhatrapur which Arjun is said to have conquered and subsequently offered to his Guru Dronacharya, was perhaps some of the area of the Nagaur district. The birth place of Meera and Abul Fazal, Nagaur district has a charbhuja and Parsawanath Temple at Merta and the Dargah of Sufi Saint Tarkin, a famous 16th century Bansiwala Temple at Nagaur city. Nagaur also witnessed the valour of Great Rao Amar Singh Rathor who challenged the mighty Mughal empire. The large old Fort has many glorious tales of bravery of the erstwhile rulers of the states. One faimous historical palace is Jaiappa Sindhiya Ki Chatri (local people say happa ki chatri). It is 5 km from Agaur. He was the king of Gawalior and anicestor of former CM of Rajasthan Vasundhara Raje. Jaiappa came here attack on Jodhpur and hold at Nagaur (during that time capital of Jodhpur). He killed and destroy several place of Rajasthan. He had big army nobody defeated him. Jodhpur Maharaja Vijay Singh send their rajput, Gaji Khan Khokhar (Chawta Kalla) and one rajput from dotli for treaty with him but he refused proposal. Maharaja Vijay Singh gave orderd for kill Jaiappa. They both entered in camp of jaiappa when he was bathing and killed him Gaji khan said 'it is Nagaur' and enter dagger in his chest and rajput said 'it is Jodhpur' and enterd dagger in his stomach on 25 July 1755 at Friday (painting available at Jodhpur Mandore museum). A common proverb famious of that incident is Khokhar bada khuraki kha gaye haapa jiyane ka daki (Khokhar have great digest, eat damon like appa). Both brave man killed by soldiers of jaiappa while fightig. Majaar of both soldiers situted near Jaiappa Chatri. Jodhpur and Nagaur never forget the martyr of Jaiappa.

Nagaur District is situated between 260.25” & 270.40” North Latitude & 730.10” & 750.15” East Longitude. It is situated amidst seven districts namely Bikanermarker, Churumarker, Sikarmarker, Jaipurmarker, Ajmermarker, Pali, Jodhpurmarker. Nagaur is the fifth largest district in Rajasthan with a vast terrain spreading over 17,718 km². Its geographical spread is a good combine of plain, hills, sand mounds and as such it is a part of the great Indian Thar Desert.

The present district of Nagaur finds a place in the heart of the Rajasthan state. If we draw a cross over the map of Rajasthan the centre of this cross is bound to fall in the district of Nagaur. Before the merger of the states, Nagaur was a part of the erstwhile Jodhpur State.

After independence, Nagaur had the honour of being selected as the place in the country from where the Democratic Decentralisation process was launched by the late Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India on the 2 October 1959.

The town of Ladnu in the district has gained its place on the map of the country being the headquarters of the famous Jain Vishwa Bharti which has become a centre of spiritual learnings and knowledge under the leadership of Acharya Tulsi, a great Jain saint, who has propagated the philosophy of Anuvrat in order to enlighten people in this area of the country. Peepasar is a small village in the Nagaur Tehsil of Nagaur district. It is the birth place of the Great Saint Jambhoji, the founder of the Bishnoi community.

Nagaur Historical Places

Nagaur Fort

Dargah Sufi Hamiddudin Nagaur

Dargah Bade Peer Sahab Nagaur

Banshiwala Mandir Nagaur

Akbari Jama Masjid Nagaur

Dargah Ahmed Ali Baba Nagaur

Karni Mataji Ka Mandir, Manasar, Nagaur

Veer Tejaji Mandir, Kharnal, Nagaur

Vinod Vyas Niwar Gali, Nagaur



Population and Area

The district comprises 1570 Revenue Estates (Villages), out of which Merta, Didwana, Makarana, Parbatsar, Ladnu and Kuchaman are the major towns of the district. The total area of the district is 17,718 km², out of which 17,448.5 km². is rural and 269.5 km². is urban. As per the 2001 census, the population of the district is 27,75,058 (4,77,337 urban and 22,97,721 rural population) which is 4.91% of the total population of the State. The density of population in the district is 157, as against 165 of Rajasthan as a whole. 12,87,921 persons of the district are literate, out of which 10,21,314 are rural and 2,66,607 are urban, which makes it 58.26% of the total population. Out of this literate population 75.33% are males and 40.45% are females.the all person that living in nagaur are very descent.

Climate

Nagaur has a dry climate with a hot summer. Sand storms are common in summer. The climate of the district is conspicuous by extreme dryness, large variations of temperature & highly variable rainfall. The mercury keeps on rising intensely from March till June. These are the hottest months. The maximum temperature recorded in district is 117 F with 32 F as the lowest recorded temperature. The average temperature of the district is 74 F. The winter season in the extends from mid November till the beginning of March. Rainy season is of a short during from July to mid September. There are ten raingage stations, namely - Nagaur, Khinvsar, Didwana, Merta, Parbatsar, Makarana, Nawa, Jayal, Degana & Ladnun in the district. The average rainfall in the district is 36.16 cm & 51.5 percentage humidity.

Forest, flora and fauna

The district of Nagaur is poor in forest resources. The total area under including hills, is reported to be 240.92 km²., which is 1.3 percent of total geographical area of the district. Scanty rainfall & other geographical constraints account for this. The western part of the district is divided of natural vegetation cover except for low hurbs & grass which grows on low sand dunes. However, the south-eastern part of the district & part of the northern tehsil of Ladnun & Didwanamarker have much greater greenery as compared to north-west part of the district. Khejri trees are commonly found in the district. Its leaves are used as fodder. It also gives gum. Apart from commercial value, this tree is considered holy. The tree also plays an important role in checking soil erosion. The other common species found in the district are babul, neem, shisham, peepal, rohira, kalsi, dhangood, akara etc. Rohira & shisham trees provide timber & is used for making furniture. Dhangood is generally used for making cots. Dried akara skin is called sunn and is used in making ropes for huts, and weaven chairs, locally called as muddhas. Kheep is another shrub which is used for making ropes for thorny fences. A common shrub-phog provides building material from its roots and twigs. Common grass found in the district include bargers, bhambar etc.

Language spoken

Marwari, Hindi, English, Urdu

Geography

Nagaur is located at . It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).nagaur is jat district.

Demographics

 India census, Nagaur had a population of 88,313. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nagaur has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 45%. In Nagaur, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.


References

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