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Nancy Alene Hicks Maynard (1 November 1946 – 21 September 2008) was an American publisher, journalist, former owner of The Oakland Tribune, and co-founder of the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education. She was the first African-American female reporter for The New York Times, and at the time of her death, The Oakland Tribune was the only metropolitan daily newspaper to have been owned by African-Americans.


Early life

Maynard was born Nancy Alene Hall in Harlemmarker, New York Citymarker, to jazz bassist, Alfred Hall and Eve Keller, a nurse. She first became interested in journalism after a fire destroyed elementary school she once attended, and was unhappy with portrayal of her community in the coverage by the news media. She went on to attend Long Island Universitymarker and graduated with a journalism degree in 1966.


The New York Times

Maynard began her journalism career as a copy girl and reporter with the New York Post. She was hired in The New York Times in September 1968, at age 21. Almost immediately upon her hire, she was sent to Brooklynmarker to help cover the Ocean Hill-Brownsville school decentralization controversy, which drew accusations of racism and anti-Semitism and resulted in a city-wide teachers' strike and the establishment of new school districts throughout the city. After less than one year at the Times, Maynard was hired as a full-time reporter, becoming the first African-American woman to work as a reporter at the newspaper.

During her first few years at The New York TImes, Maynard covered important race-related stories such as race riots and Columbia and Cornell Universitymarker black student takeovers, as well as politically significant events like a memorial for Robert F. Kennedy. She later wrote for the paper's education and science news departments, primarily on health-care coverage. In 1973, she spent a month in Chinamarker analyzing its medical system, including stories about the use of acupuncture in surgical operations. Among her other story topics were the Medicare system, an explanation of the arrangement of whiskers on a lion's face and coverage of Apollo program.

Maynard Institute for Journalism Education

Maynard and her husband Robert C. Maynard left their jobs and founded the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education in Oakland, Californiamarker where she served as its first president in 1977. Since its founding, the institute has been credited with training and preparing hundreds of minority students for careers in news editing, newsroom managers, and other careers in journalism. Maynard served as a member of the board until 2002.

The Oakland Tribune

In 1983, Maynard and her husband purchased The Oakland Tribune, which was in poor financial shape at the time. The Oakland Tribune became the first and, at the time of Maynard's death, only major metropolitan daily newspaper to be owned by African-Americans. The two served as co-publishers for almost 10 years together, and were credited with bringing a significant amount of diversity into the newsroom. After Robert C. Maynard died in 1993, Maynard sold the paper, which was experiencing declining revenues, to ANG Newspapers.

Personal life

Not long after graduation, Maynard was married to Daniel D. Hicks, with whom she had her first child, her son David. After Hicks's death in 1974, she married Robert C. Maynard in 1975 after meeting at a convention. He already had a daughter, Dori. As a couple, they had their third child, Alex.

Maynard, who made her home with partner Jay T. Harris in Santa Monica, Californiamarker, died at UCLA Medical Centermarker in Los Angelesmarker at age 61 after an extended illness.

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