Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi
(born March 26,
1940) is the Speaker of
the United States House of Representatives
. She is a member of
. Before being elected Speaker in the 110th Congress
, she was the
from 2003 to 2007, holding the post during the
and 109th Congresses
1987, she has represented the 8th Congressional
District of California, which consists of four-fifths of the City and County of San
district was numbered as the 5th
first three terms in the House.
Nancy Pelosi is the first female Speaker of the United States House
of Representatives. She is also the first Italian-American
and first Californian to
serve as Speaker. She is the second Speaker from a state west
of the Rocky Mountains, with the
first being Washington's Tom Foley, who was the
last Democrat to hold the post before Pelosi.
As Speaker of
the House, Pelosi is second in the line of
, following Vice President Joe Biden
, which makes her the highest-ranking
female politician in American history.
Early life and career
born in Baltimore, Maryland.
youngest of six children, she was involved with politics
from an early age. Her father, Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr.
, was a U.S.
Congressman from Maryland and a Mayor
. Her brother, Thomas D'Alesandro III
, also a
Democrat, was mayor of Baltimore from 1967 to 1971, when he
declined to run for a second term.
graduated from Institute of Notre Dame, a Catholic all-girls high school in Baltimore, and
from Trinity College (now Trinity Washington University) in Washington, D.C. in 1962.
Pelosi interned for Senator
alongside future House Majority Leader Steny
. She met Paul Frank Pelosi (b. April 15, 1940 in
California) while she was attending Trinity College.
They married in a Catholic church on September 7, 1963.
couple married they moved to New York, and then to San Francisco in
1969, where his brother, Ronald Pelosi
was a member of the City and County of San
Francisco's Board of
After moving to San Francisco, Pelosi worked her way up in
Democratic politics. She was elected as party chairwoman for
Northern California on January 30, 1977. She later joined forces
with one of the leaders of the California Democratic Party, 5th
District Congressman Phillip Burton
In 1987, after her youngest child became a high school senior, she
decided to run for political office.
Pelosi is a board member of the National
Organization of Italian American Women
Pelosi lives in the Pacific Heights
neighborhood of San Francisco.
Pelosi has five children: Nancy Corinne, Christine
, Jacqueline, Paul
, and Alexandra
, as well as seven grandchildren.
Alexandra, a journalist, covered the Republican presidential
campaigns in 2000 and made a film about the experience,
Journeys with George
In 2007, Christine published a book, Campaign Boot Camp: Basic
Training for Future Leaders
. Her husband Paul
is also the owner of the California Redwoods
The Pelosi family has a net worth of nearly $19 million as of 2007,
largely from investments. In addition to their large portfolio of jointly owned San Francisco
Bay Area real estate, the couple also owns a vineyard in
California, valued between $5 million and $25 million.
husband also owns stock, including $5 million in Apple Computer.
Pelosi continues to be among the richest
members of Congress.
Phillip Burton died in 1983 and was succeeded by his wife, Sala
. In late 1986, Sala became ill with
and decided not to run for reelection
in 1988. She picked Pelosi as her designated successor,
guaranteeing her the support of the Burtons' contacts. Sala died on
February 1, 1987, just a month after being sworn in for a second
full term. Pelosi won the special election to succeed her, narrowly
defeating San Francisco Supervisor Harry
on April 7, 1987, then easily defeating Republican
candidate Harriet Ross on June 2, 1987; Pelosi took office a week
later.Pelosi represents one of the safest Democratic districts in
the country. Democrats have held the seat since 1949, and Republicans
, who currently
make up only 13 percent of registered voters in the district, have
not made a serious bid for the seat since the early 1960s. Pelosi
has kept this tradition going. She won the seat in her own right in
1988 and has been reelected 10 more times with no substantive
opposition, winning by an average of 75 percent of the vote. She
has not participated in candidates' debates since her 1987 race
against Harriet Ross. She has the distinction of contributing the
most among members of Congress to other congressional campaigns
because she is in a safe district and does not need the campaign
In the House, she served on the Appropriations
Committees, and was the ranking Democrat on the Intelligence
Committee until her election as Minority Leader.
Democratic Party leadership
Pelosi was elected the House
Minority Whip, second-in-command to Minority Leader Dick Gephardt of Missouri.
She was the first woman in U.S. history to
hold that post.
In 2002, after Gephardt resigned as minority leader to seek the
Democratic nomination in the 2004 presidential election
Pelosi was elected to replace him, becoming the first woman to lead
a major party in the House.
Defeating Social Security privatization
Shortly after winning re-election, President George W. Bush
claimed a mandate for an ambitious second-term agenda that would
include the privatization of Social Security
workers to redirect a portion of their Social Security withholding
to private stocks and bonds. Pelosi strongly opposed the
privatization of Social Security, and as minority leader imposed
intense party discipline on her caucus, leading them to
near-unanimous opposition of Bush's proposal. With a unified
Democratic Party pushing against the President's plan, Social
Security privatization was defeated.
Blocking of impeachment proceedings against Bush
In the wake of George W. Bush's reelection in 2004, several leading
House Democrats believed that Democrats should pursue impeachment proceedings
against the president
. They asserted that Bush had misled Congress
about weapons of mass
destruction in Iraq, and had
violated the civil liberties of Americans by authorizing wiretaps
without a warrant.
In May 2006, with an eye on the upcoming Congressional
elections—which offered the possibility of Democrats taking back
control of the House for the first time since 1994—Pelosi told
colleagues that, while the Democrats would conduct vigorous
oversight of Bush administration policy, an impeachment
investigation was "off the table". (A week earlier, she had told
the Washington Post
although Democrats would not set out to impeach the president, "you
never know where" investigations might lead.)
After becoming Speaker of the House in January 2007, Pelosi held
firm against impeachment, notwithstanding strong support for that
course of action among constituents in her home district. In the
November 2008 election, Pelosi withstood a challenge for her seat
activist Cindy Sheehan
, who ran as an independent
primarily because of Pelosi's refusal to pursue impeachment.
Speaker of the House
Democratic nomination and election as Speaker
On November 16, 2006, Pelosi was unanimously chosen as the
Democratic candidate for Speaker, effectively making her
Speaker-elect. While the Speaker is elected by the full House
membership, in modern practice the election is a formality, since
the Speaker always comes from the majority party.
supported her longtime friend, John
Murtha of Pennsylvania, for the position of House Majority Leader, the
second-ranking post in the House Democratic caucus.
competitor was House Minority
Whip Steny Hoyer of Maryland, who had been Pelosi's second-in-command since
Pelosi and Hoyer had a somewhat frosty relationship
dating back to 2001, when they ran against each other for minority
whip. However, Hoyer was elected as House Majority Leader over
Murtha by a margin of 149-86 within the caucus.
January 3, Pelosi defeated Republican John
Boehner of Ohio with 233
votes compared to his 202 votes in the election for Speaker of the
House. She was nominated by Rahm Emanuel of Illinois, the incoming chairman of the House Democratic
Caucus, and sworn in by her longtime friend, John Dingell of Michigan, as the longest-serving member of the House
With her election, Pelosi became the first woman, the first
Californian, and the first Italian-American to hold the
Speakership. She is also the second Speaker from a state west of
the Rocky Mountains
. The first was
Washington's Tom Foley, the last
Democrat to hold the post before Pelosi.
In her speech to Congress she stated:
"I accept this gavel in the spirit of partnership, not
partisanship, and look forward to working with you on behalf of the
In this House, we may belong to different parties, but
we serve one country."
During her speech, she discussed the historical importance of being
the first female to hold the Speaker's position:
"This is a historic moment — for the Congress, and for
the women of this country.
It is a moment for which we have waited more than 200
Never losing faith, we waited through the many years of
struggle to achieve our rights.
But women weren't just waiting; women were
Never losing faith, we worked to redeem the promise of
America, that all men and women are created equal.
For our daughters and granddaughters, today, we have
broken the marble
For our daughters and our granddaughters, the sky is
the limit, anything is possible for them".
She also spoke on Iraq as the major issue facing the 110th Congress
while incorporating some Democratic Party beliefs:
"The election of 2006 was a call to change — not merely
to change the control of Congress, but for a new direction for our
Nowhere were the American people more clear about the
need for a new direction than in Iraq.
The American people rejected an open-ended obligation
to a war without end."
As Speaker, Pelosi is still the leader of the House Democrats; the
Speaker is reckoned as the leader of his or her House caucus.
However, by tradition, she does not normally participate in debate
(though she has the right to do so), and almost never votes on the
floor. She is also not a member of any House committees.
Pelosi was re-elected Speaker in 2009.
The "Hundred Hours"
Prior to the U.S. 2006 midterm
, Pelosi announced a plan for action: If elected, she
and the newly-empowered Democratic caucus would push through most
of its program during the first hundred
of the 110th Congress' term. Later she said this referred
to business hours rather than clock time, and began on the Tuesday
(January 9, 2007) after the swearing-in ceremony on January
The origin for the name "first hundred hours" is a play on words
derived from former Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt
's promise for quick action
on the part of government (to combat the Great Depression
) during his "first hundred days"
office. Newt Gingrich
, the former
Speaker of the House, had a similar 100-day agenda to implement the
Contract with America
Opposition to Iraq War troop surge of 2007
On January 5, 2007 reacting to suggestions from President Bush's
confidantes that he would increase troop levels in Iraq (which he
announced in a speech a few days later) Pelosi joined with Senate
Majority Leader Harry Reid
to condemn the
plan. They sent Bush a letter saying, "[T]here is no purely
military solution in Iraq. There is only a political solution.
Adding more combat troops will only endanger more Americans and
stretch our military to the breaking point for no strategic gain.
... Rather than deploy additional forces to Iraq, we believe the
way forward is to begin the phased redeployment of our forces in
the next four to six months, while shifting the principal mission
of our forces there from combat to training, logistics, force
protection and counter-terror."
2008 Democratic National Convention
was named Permanent Chair of the 2008 Democratic National
Convention in Denver, Colorado.
2007 trip to Israel and Syria
was one of seven American lawmakers to participate in a 2007
Mideast tour — with Keith
Ellison (D-MN), Henry Waxman
(D-CA), Tom Lantos (D-CA), Louise Slaughter (D-NY), Nick Rahall (D-WV), and David Hobson (R-OH) — that included stops in
Israel, Syria, the
territories, Lebanon, and Saudi
Three Republican congressmen — Frank Wolf
, Joe Pitts
and Robert Aderholt
— met with
Syrian President Bashar Assad
had the opportunity to address the Israeli Knesset where she expressed concern "that the new Palestinian government,
some of the people in the government, continue to remain committed
to the existence of Israel".
An Israeli spokeswoman said
Pelosi would convey "that Israel is willing to talk if they (Syria)
would openly take steps to stop supporting terrorism" in order to
be "a partner for negotiations". The delegation talked
"extensively" with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert
about a relaunched 2002 Saudi peace
plan with Israel, which Olmert welcomed as a "new way of thinking,
the willingness to recognize Israel as an established fact and to
debate the conditions of the future solution", but expressed
reservations over the plan and invited Arab leaders to discuss
them. The delegation met with the families of the three kidnapped
Israeli soldiers during the visit and Pelosi said she planned to
raise the issue when she met with Assad.
At a press conference after her meeting with Assad, Pelosi said
that she had conveyed a message from Olmert to Syrian President
Assad saying that Olmert was ready to negotiate for peace. Olmert's
office later clarified what he had actually told Pelosi, saying
that "although Israel is interested in peace with Syria, that
country continues to be part of the axis of evil and a force that
encourages terror in the entire Middle East". Sources at the
Israeli Prime Minister's Office at the time said that, "Pelosi took
part of the things that were said in the meeting, and used what
Administration disapproved of Syria's backing of Hamas and
Hezbollah and says Syria is destabilizing Lebanon's government as well as fueling Iraq's violence by
allowing Sunni insurgents to operate from its territory.
officials have been implicated in the 2005 assassination of former
Lebanese premier Rafik Hariri in
Beirut, and the
U.S. subsequently withdrew its ambassador.
holds out hope for a peaceful solution, stating that "the road to
Damascus is a road to peace. All they need are a few Starbucks on
Arabia, Pelosi met with King Abdullah.
visited the Shura Council, the kingdom's unelected advisory
council, and raised the issue of Saudi Arabia's lack of female
politicians with Saudi officials.
People's Republic of China
21, 2008, Pelosi criticized the People's
Republic of China for its handling of the unrest in Tibet and called on
"freedom-loving people" worldwide to denounce China.
quoted as saying, "The situation in Tibet is a challenge to the
conscience of the world", while addressing a crowd of thousands of
Tibetans in Dharamsala, India. She however did not call for a
boycott of the 2008 Summer
that were held in Beijing
October 24, 2008, Pelosi commended the European
Parliament for its "bold decision" to award the Sakharov Prize for Freedom
of Thought to Chinese dissident and
human rights activist Hu
Pelosi's statement read, "I call on the Chinese
government to immediately and unconditionally release Hu Jia from
prison and to respect the fundamental freedoms of all the people in
Pelosi publicly scolded Colombian President Álvaro Uribe
during Uribe's May 2007 state
trip to America. Pelosi met with Uribe and later released a
statement that she and other members of Congress had "expressed
growing concerns about the serious allegations" of links between
groups and Colombian
government officials. Pelosi also came out against the Colombian
free trade agreement.
Pelosi voted in favor of keeping the travel restrictions on
American citizens to Cuba, until the President has certified that
Cuba has released all political
, and extradited all individuals sought by the U.S. on
charges of air piracy, drug
In a February 15, 2007 interview, Pelosi noted that Bush
consistently said he supports a diplomatic resolution to
differences with Iran "and I take him at his word". At the same
time, she said, "I do believe that Congress should assert itself,
though, and make it very clear that there is no previous authority
for the president, any president, to go into Iran". On January 12,
2007, Congressman Walter B.
Jones of North Carolina introduced a resolution requiring that—absent a
national emergency created by an attack, or a demonstrably imminent
attack, by Iran upon the United States or its armed forces—the
President must consult with Congress and receive specific
authorization prior to initiating any use of military force against
This resolution was removed from a military spending
bill for the war in Iraq by Pelosi on March 13, 2007.
Armenian Genocide / Turkey
In mid-October 2007, after the House Foreign Affairs Committee
passed a resolution to label the 1915
killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks
as genocide, Pelosi
pledged to bring the measure to a vote. The draft resolution
prompted warnings from President Bush and fierce criticism from
Turkey, with Turkey's prime minister saying that approval of the
resolution would endanger U.S.-Turkey relations. After House
support eroded, the measure's sponsors dropped their call for a
vote, and in late October Pelosi agreed to set the matter
Use of government aircraft
In March 2009, the New York Post
that the conservative watchdog group Judicial Watch
obtained emails sent by
Pelosi's staff which requested that the United States Air Force
provide specific aircraft - a Boeing 757
- for Pelosi to use for taxpayer-funded travel. Pelosi responded
that the policy was initiated by President Bush due to
(Pelosi is second in line for presidential
) and was initially provided for the previous
Speaker, Dennis Hastert
. The Sergeant at Arms
requested, for security
reasons, that the plane provided be capable of non-stop flight,
requiring a larger aircraft. The Pentagon said "no one has rendered
judgment" that Pelosi's use of aircraft "is excessive."
Political positions and voting record
Pelosi was a founding member of the Congressional Progressive
, but left in 2003 after being elected Minority Leader.
Her longtime friend, Jim McDermott
Washington, told Newsweek
and other left-leaning Democratic congressmen sometimes wish that
"she would tilt a little more our way from time to time". As
Speaker, Pelosi has tried to focus more on economic than social
In San Francisco, Pelosi has experienced conflicts with anti-war
activists. Nonetheless, she has never faced a serious challenger in
the Democratic primary or from the Green
, which is competitive in local elections.
September 2, 2008, she visited Hiroshima,
Japan, for a G8 summit meeting of lower
house speakers and offered flowers in Hiroshima
Peace Memorial Park for the victims of the 1945 atomic
While many world leaders have visited Hiroshima
over the years, she is the highest-ever sitting U.S. official to
pay her respects.
Pelosi voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban
of 2003 and earlier attempts at similar bans, and voted
against the criminalization of certain situations where a minor is
transported across state lines for an abortion (HR 748,
She has voted in favor of lifting the ban on privately funded
abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas (HA 209, rejected),
in favor of an amendment that would repeal a provision that forbids
service women and dependents from getting an abortion in overseas
military hospitals (HA 722, rejected), in favor of stripping the
prohibition of funding for organizations working overseas that uses
its own funds to provide abortion services or engage in advocacy
related to abortion services (HA 997, rejected). She also voted in
favor of the 1998 Abortion Funding Amendment, which would have
allowed the use of district funds to promote abortion-related
activities, but would have prohibited the use of federal
In February 2009, Pelosi met with her bishop, Archbishop George Niederauer
of San Francisco, and
with Pope Benedict XVI
her position on abortion.
Pelosi favors the federal bailout of the banks and the auto
Budget, taxes, and monetary policy
Pelosi voted against the 1995
Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment
, which was
passed by the House by a 300-132 vote, but in the Senate fell two
votes short of the 2/3 supermajority required (with 65 out of 100
Senators voting in favor).
's Congressional Scorecard has given
Pelosi a lifetime rating of 93% for her voting record on civil
liberties. In 2001, she voted in favor of the USA Patriot Act
but voted against
reauthorization of certain provisions in 2005. She voted against a
Constitutional amendment banning flag-burning and against a
Congressional resolution supporting the display of the Ten Commandments
In a January 25, 2009 interview with George Stephanopoulos
for ABC News
, Pelosi said, "Well, the family planning
services reduce cost. They reduce cost. The states are in terrible
fiscal budget crises now and part of what we do for children's
health, education and some of those elements are to help the states
meet their financial needs. One of those - one of the initiatives
you mentioned, the contraception, will reduce costs to the states
and to the federal government."
Pelosi voted for the No Child
Left Behind Act
, which instituted testing to track students'
progress and authorized an increase in overall education
Environment and energy
Pelosi has supported the development of new technologies to reduce
U.S. dependence upon foreign oil and ameliorate the adverse
environmental effects of burning fossil fuels. Pelosi has widely
supported conservation programs and energy research appropriations.
also voted to remove an amendment that would allow for oil and gas
exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife
Pelosi has blocked efforts to revive offshore oil drilling in
protected areas, reasoning that offshore drilling could lead to an
increase in dependence on fossil fuels.
Speaker Pelosi has voted to increase Medicare
Pelosi voted against the Secure
Fence Act of 2006
In 2002, Pelosi opposed the Iraq
authorizing President Bush to use military force
against Iraq, while stating that Iraq, like "other countries of
concern", had WMD's. In explaining her opposition to the
resolution, Pelosi noted that Central Intelligence Agency
Director George Tenet
had told Congress
that the likelihood of Iraq's Saddam
launching an attack on the U.S. using weapons of mass
destruction was low. "This is about the Constitution", Pelosi said.
"It is about this Congress asserting its right to declare war when
we are fully aware what the challenges are to us. It is about
respecting the United Nations
multilateral approach, which is safer for our troops." Despite
Pelosi's opposition, Congress still passed a resolution authorizing
President Bush to use the Armed Forces of the United States against
reaffirms that "America and Israel share an
unbreakable bond: in peace and war; and in prosperity and in
Pelosi emphasized that "a strong relationship
between the United States and Israel has long been supported by
both Democrats and Republicans. America's commitment to the safety
and security of the State of Israel is unwavering,...[h]owever, the
war in Iraq
has made both America and
Israel less safe." Pelosi's voting record shows consistent support
for Israel. Prior to 2006 elections in the Palestinian Authority,
she voted for a Congressional initiative disapproving of
participation in the elections by Hamas
other organizations defined as terrorist by the legislation. She
agrees with the current U.S. stance in support of land-for-peace.
She has applauded Israeli "hopeful signs" of offering land, while
criticizing Palestinian "threats" of not demonstrating peace in
turn. She states, "If the Palestinians agree to coordinate with
Israel on the evacuation, establish the rule of law, and
demonstrate a capacity to govern, the world may be convinced that
finally there is a real partner for peace".
During the 2006 Lebanon War
voted in favor of Resolution 921 on the count that "the seizure of
Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah
was an unprovoked attack and Israel has the right, and indeed the
obligation, to respond". She argues that organizations and
political bodies in the Mideast like Hamas
"have a greater interest in
maintaining a state of hostility with Israel than in improving the
lives of the people they claim to represent". Pelosi asserts that
civilians on both sides of the border "have been put at risk by the
aggression of Hamas and Hezbollah" in part for their use of
"civilians as shields by concealing weapons in civilian
September 2008, Pelosi hosted a reception in Washington with
Israeli Knesset speaker Dalia Itzik,
along with 20 members of Congress where they toasted the "strong
friendship" between Israel and the United States.
ceremony, Pelosi held up the replica dog tags of the three Israeli
soldiers captured by Hezbollah
in 2006 and stated that she keeps them
as a "symbol of the sacrifices made, sacrifices far too great by
the people of the state of Israel".
Kuwait and the Gulf War
Pelosi opposed U.S. intervention in the 1991 Gulf War.
Marriage and Sexual Orientation
Pelosi received a 100% rating from the Human Rights Campaign
for the 107th
, and 109th
sessions of Congress
, indicating that she voted
in agreement with HRC's slate of pro-gay legislative issues. In
1996 she voted against the Defense of Marriage Act
, and in 2004
and 2006, she voted against the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment
would amend the United States
to define marriage federally as being between one
man and one woman, thereby overriding states' individual rights to
legalize gay marriage
. When the Supreme
Court of California overturned the state's ban on same-sex
marriage, Pelosi released a statement welcoming the "historic
She voiced her opposition to Proposition 8
, the successful ballot
, which defined marriage in California as a union
between one man and one woman.
Lobbyist guidelines and ethics issues
Pelosi introduced the Honest Leadership and
Open Government Act
Pelosi supports reform in marijuana laws. She also supports use of
In regard to Representative Charles
(D-NY) plan to introduce legislation that would
reinstate the draft, Pelosi stated that she did not support such
As Speaker of the House, she also spearheaded the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007
as part of the 100-Hour Plan
raises the minimum wage in the United
States and the territories of the Northern
Marianas Islands and American Samoa.
American Samoa was initially absent from
the act, but as part of HR 2206
included. One Republican congressman who voted against the initial
bill accused Pelosi of unethically benefiting Del Monte Foods
(headquartered in her
district) by the exclusion of the territory, where Del Monte's
brand is a major
employer. Pelosi co-sponsored legislation that omitted American
Samoa from a raise in the minimum wage as early as 1999, prior to
Del Monte's acquisition of StarKist Tuna in 2002. As of the 2002,
2004, and 2006 election cycles, Del Monte has not contributed to
Pelosi supports the Syria
and Iran Freedom and Support Act
speech at the AIPAC 2005 annual
conference, Pelosi said that "for too long, leaders from both
parties haven't done enough" to put pressure on Russia and
China who are providing Iran with
technological information on nuclear issues and missiles.
"If evidence of participation by other nations in Iran's nuclear
program is discovered, I will insist that the Administration use,
rather than ignore, the evidence in determining how the U.S. deals
with that nation or nations on other issues."
Waterboarding and CIA controversy
Pelosi officially opposes the interrogation technique of waterboarding
. According to the CIA, while
Pelosi was the ranking member
, she was told about enhanced interrogation
, including waterboarding authorized for a captured
terrorist, Abu Zubaydah. in one hour-long briefing in 2002. After
the briefing, Pelosi said she "was assured by lawyers with the CIA
and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal." Two
unnamed former Bush
officials say that the briefing was detailed and
graphic, and at the time she didn't raise substantial objections.
One unnamed U.S. official present during the early briefings said,
"In fairness, the environment was different then because we were
closer to September 11
people were still in a panic. But there was no objecting, no
hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to
those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect
the American people.' "
However, several top Democratic lawmakers in the House signed a
letter on 26 June, 2009 alleging that CIA
Director Leon Panetta
had asserted that
the CIA misled Congress for a "number of years" spanning back to
2001, casting more clouds on the controversy. Neither letter,
lawmakers or the CIA provided details and the murky circumstances
surrounding the allegations make it hard to assess the claims and
counterclaims of both sides.
Officials in Congress say her ability to challenge the practices
was hampered by strict rules of secrecy that prohibited her from
being able to take notes or consult legal experts or members of her
own staffs. In an April 2009 press conference, Pelosi stated, "In
that or any other briefing…we were not, and I repeat, were not told
that waterboarding or any of these other enhanced interrogation
techniques were used. What they did tell us is that they had some
legislative counsel -- the Office of Legislative Counsel
opinions that they could be used, but not that they would. And they
further -- further, the point was that if and when they would be
used, they would brief Congress at that time" Pelosi's office
stated that she later protested the technique and that she
concurred with objections raised by Democratic colleague Jane Harman
in a letter to the C.I.A.
in early 2003.
Pelosi opposed the welfare reform proposed by then-President Bush
as well as reforms proposed and passed under President
On President Bush
In mid-July 2008, two days after President George W. Bush
stated that Congress was ineffective and said, "This is not a
record to be proud of, and I think the American people deserve
better", Pelosi responded by calling the president "a total
failure, losing all credibility with the American people on the
war, on the economy, on energy, you name the subject" and that
Congress had been "sweeping up after his mess over and over and
Pelosi's only close race so far has been the special election to
succeed Sala Burton's seat after her death in February 1987. In the
special election's Democratic primary, Pelosi narrowly defeated San
Francisco Supervisor Harry Britt
considered the more "progressive" candidate, with 36 percent of the
vote to his 32 percent. In the runoff against Republican candidate
Harriet Ross, Pelosi received more than a 2 to 1 majority of cast
votes in a turnout that comprised about 24% of eligible voters.
Since then, Pelosi has enjoyed overwhelming support in her
political career, collecting 76 and 77 percent of the vote in for
the 1988 and 1990 Race for U.S. House of Representatives. In 1992,
after the redistricting from the 1990 Census
, Pelosi ran in ,
which now covered the San Francisco area. She has continued to post
landslide victories since, dropping beneath 80 percent of the vote
- Trinity Graduates Win Re-election: House Democratic Leader
Nancy Pelosi '62 Poised to Become Speaker, Kansas Governor Kathleen
Sebelius '70 Wins Second Term from Trinity
Washington University, November 8, 2006
- Rolling With Pelosi, from Newsweek, October 23, 2006
- Pelosi mines 'California gold' for Dems nationwide:
Personal skills, wide network of wealthy donors help party's House
leader gather millions, from sfgate.com, April 3, 2006
- Pelosi rides high, from The Economist, Feb 22, 2007
- This Is What a Speaker Looks Like, the Winter 2007
cover story to Ms.