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Nanterre is a commune in the western suburbs of Parismarker, Francemarker. It is located west from the center of Paris.

Nanterre is the préfecture (capital) of the Hauts-de-Seinemarker département, as well as the seat of the Arrondissement of Nanterre.

The eastern part of Nanterre, bordering the communes of Courbevoie and Puteaux, contains a small part of the La Défensemarker business district of Paris and some of the tallest buildings in the Paris region. Because the headquarters of many major corporations are located in La Défense, the court of Nanterre is well-known in the media for the number of high-profile lawsuits and trials that take place in it. The city of Nanterre also includes the University Paris X – Nanterre, one of the largest universities in the Paris region.

Name

The name of Nanterre originated before the Roman conquest of Gaul. The Romans recorded the name as Nemetodorum. It is composed of the Celtic word nemeto meaning "shrine" or "sacred place" and the Celtic word duros (cognate of English door and German Tür) meaning "door or gate", or "fortress". The sacred place referred to is supposed to have been a famous shrine that existed in antiquity on the top of the hill known as Mont-Valérienmarker.

Inhabitants of Nanterre are called Nanterriennes (feminine) and Nanterriens (masculine).

History

Sainte Geneviève, patron saint of Paris, was born in Nanterre ca. 419-422.

On March 26, 2002, Richard Durn, a disgruntled local activist, shot and killed eight town councilors and 14 others were wounded in what the French press dubbed the Nanterre massacre. On March 28, the murderer killed himself by jumping from the 4th floor of the « Quai des orfèvres », in Paris, while he was questioned by two policemen about the reason for his killing in the Nanterre City Hall.

Demographics

Immigration

Administration

Nanterre is divided into three cantons:

Transport

Nanterre is served by three stations on RER line A: Nanterre – Préfecture, Nanterre – Université, and Nanterre – Ville.

Nanterre - Préfecture station is also an interchange station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.

See also



Twin towns



References

  1. Catholic Encyclopedia St. Genevieve


External links




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