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Panorama of Naphegy and Buda Castle from Gellért Hill.
Naphegy ( , meaning "Sun Hill") is a hill and neighbourhood in Budapestmarker, Hungarymarker. It is part of Krisztinavárosmarker and administratively belongs to the 1st District.

Location

Naphegy is rising south of the center of Krisztinavárosmarker, between Gellérthegymarker and Tabánmarker. Its boundaries are Hegyalja út, Naphegy utca, Gellérthegy utca and Mészáros utca.

The highest point (154 m) is on Naphegy tér.
Naphegy and Tabán in 1905.


History

The history of Naphegy is inseparable from that of the neighboring Tabánmarker and Gellérthegymarker. During the Middle Ages the hill was called Nyárshegy ("Stake Hill"), which probably referred to its function as a scaffold. (The name is preserved in the name of today's Nyárs Street, where the traitor Lieutenant Conrad Fink – who, during the 1686 siege of Buda, planned to surrender the Castle of Budamarker to the Pasha of Fehérvármarker – was executed in 1686.)

In 1686 Buda was freed from the Turks. Naphegy played a vital role in this: from the hill the castle walls could be kept under incessant cannonfire. In the 17th–18th centuries newly settled Serbian people resurrected viticulture in the area. (The fyloxera epidemic of the 1880s brought vinegrowing to the end.) The slopes of the hill remained unbuilt for centuries. A map by Benedict J. from 1896 shows that the hill was still unbuilt at that time.

On a map from 1885 five streets of Naphegy were mentioned: Mészáros (Butcher) Street, Gellérthegy ("Gellért Hill") Street, Naphegy Street, Lisznyai Street, Czakó Street. The area, of which these streets were boundaries of, was still unbuilt. The immediate surroundings of where today's Naphegy Square lies, were still empty according to the Meyers Konversations-Lexikon published in 1905, but the Révai Lexicon published between 1910–1914 already shows the whole area built up. Most of the buildings standing on Naphegy today were built between 1910–1939.

The history of Naphegy is inseparable from that of the neighboring Tabánmarker district. After the 1930 urban planning in Budapest only a few old Tabán houses were left in the Naphegy city part; one of them was the Tabán school, which has been destroyed in January 1945, during the battle of Budapest. Today a sports field can be found where once the school stood.

The events of World War II in this city part can be followed from the diaries and memoirs of its inhabitants. László Deseő, who was 15 years old in 1944, lived in 32 Mészáros Street with his family. This area was one of the most attacked ones because of its proximity to the Southern Railway Stationmarker and the strategical importance of the hill. Deseő kept a diary throughout the siege. The memoirs of András Németh also describe the siege and the bombing of the empty school building which he and his fellow soldiers used as an observation post shortly before.

After 1945 the pupils from Naphegy went to the Krisztina Téri Iskola (Christina Square Grade School), until the new school building on Lisznyai Street was finished. In 1953 the Hungarian News Agencymarker moved to its new headquarters in Naphegy.

One of the houses typical of old Tabán can be seen on the corner of Czakó Street and Aladár Street. Before 1953 there was a similar house where now the Lisznyai Street School stands.

Duna TV, the first satellite TV channel of Hungary began broadcasting on December 24, 1992. Originally based in the Rónai Street building of Mafilm, the staff moved to the Mészáros Street of Naphegy in 1994.


Famous people

  • János Fadrusz, sculptor (built his villa and study on the south slopes of the hill)
  • Péter Gárdos, journalist (a memorial plaque of him is placed on the wall of the Naphegy Square building of MTImarker Hungarian News Agency)
  • Margit Kaffka, writer (lived in 15 Naphegy Street from July 1915 to her death in December 1918)
  • Józsi Jenő Tersánszky (lived in 9 Avar Street)
  • Endre Vészi (lived in Angelikaváros)





Institutions



List of streets and squares in Naphegy





Sources

  1. Deseő László naplója (Hungarian)
  2. Németh András – Mostohafiak (Hungarian)
[421166]

External links



Pictures and maps



Institutions




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